Study notes on preposition for SSC BANK and other exams - PREPARE ENGLISH FOR SSC BANK UPSC AND OTHER EXAMS WITH ENGLISHKENDRA

Study notes on preposition (with questions and detailed solution) for SSC BANK and other exams

💯Click here for the compilation of 20 frequently asked GRAMMAR RULES in bank (IBPS, SBI) exams  

💯Click here for the compilation of frequently asked GRAMMAR RULES in SSC(CGL  CPO  CHSL) exams  

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Ok now let's talk about preposition as it's a very important chapter from exam point of view. 

💠Study notes on Preposition for SSC, Bank and other exams   :

💯Click here for the compilation of important error spotting/error detection question from Preposition(with solution)  


◾A preposition is a word that helps to establish a relation among noun, pronoun,adjective, verb, adverb by joining them to one another. 

For example 
Kareena  was in the balcony. ✔️
(Here preposition 'in' joins one noun 'Kareena' to another noun 'balcony' ) . 

Sheetal slipped off the stairs. ✔️
(Here preposition 'off' joins verb 'slipped' to a noun 'stairs') . 


Some examples of preposition :
At, in, of, for, to, off, above, over, below, across, through, among, between, on, upon etc

🔷Let's discuss some important rules associated with PREPOSITION(with examples) 

💯Click here to practise READING COMPREHENSION /RC/PASSAGE (with detailed solution and handy tips) 

💯Click here to practise CLOZE TESTS (with detailed solution

1) I don't believe in wasting time. ✔️

⚫RULE 1 - When verbs are placed after prepositions (other than 'to') , they should be in the gerund form (v1+ ing) except when they are used in infinitive form. 

Let's see some more examples

Mohit insisted on going to Mumbai. ✔️
P. V. Sindhu  was confident of winning the tournament.✔️

⚫Note - The following phrases end in 'to' and are followed by 'ing'  form of verb (gerund). 
Be used to, accustomed to, averse to, addicted to, look forward to, with a view to , owing to, devoted to, in addition to, object to, taken to, prone to. 

Examples
I am looking forward to meet her. ❌
I am looking forward to meeting her. ✔️
He is addicted to smoke. ❌
He is addicted to smoking. ✔️

Kareena kapoor is not accustomed to living a middle class lifestyle.✔️

I am used to wake up early morning. ❌
I am used to waking up early morning. 

✔️

💯 Click here for the compilation of IMPORTANT RULES associated with QUESTION TAG(with examples) 

2)  Since she was unwell(a)/, so she didn't (b) /go there(c) /No error

Solution : The error is in (b) 

⚫RULE 2 - " since, because and as " are not followed by so/therefore /that's why. 
🔹Exception - As you sow, so shall you reap.


3) It's not a safe place to live.❌

It's not a safe place to live in. ✔️

⚫RULE 3 - When an infinitive qualifies a noun, the preposition is placed after infinitive.


Let's see another example - 
Shivangi gave me a pen to write.❌

Shivangi gave me a pen to write with.✔️

 💯  CLICK HERE FOR THE HINDU PHRASAL VERBS COMPILATION

💯  CLICK HERE FOR THE HINDU IDIOMS COMPILATION 

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4) Her dress is different and cheaper than mine.❌
Her dress is different from and cheaper than mine. ✔️

⚫RULE 4 - when two words/adjectives require different prepositions, appropriate prepositions should be used with both the words. 



5)
This is the restaurant of that she always talks.❌
This is the restaurant that she always talks of. ✔️

⚫RULE 5 - A preposition is usually placed before its object but when the object of the preposition is a relative pronoun 'that',   it is placed after it. 


6) I will fetch you a dress from the city mall. ✔️

I will fetch a dress for you from the city mall.✔️ 

 RULE 6 - This is the case of omission of preposition before indirect object. There are two objects in the sentence. 

Dress - direct object
You - indirect object 
So to keep the sentence simple we may omit preposition before indirect object. 

Let's see other examples:

I will buy you a smartphone this year. ✔️
I will buy a smartphone for you this year. ✔️

I will find Shivangi a nice job. ✔️

I will find a nice job for Shivangi. ✔️

💯Click here for the study notes on ACTIVE-PASSIVE VOICE(with examples)  
💯Click here for the study notes on DIRECT-INDIRECT SPEECH (with examples) 

7) When I was going to the market ,(a) / I suddenly came across (b) /my childhood friend(c) /No error 


Solution - The error is in (b)

Remove  'suddenly'

⚫Note - 'come across' means to meet suddenly or by chance.Hence 'suddenly' or 'by chance' can't come with come across. 


8) I came across with my(a) / best friend while I(b) / was going to market(c) /No error 


Solution - The error is in (a)
Remove 'with'
⚫Note - 'with' is not used with 'come across'. 


9) The bridge was built across the river. ✔️

The bridge was built over the river. ✔️

Important point - though bridge 'over the river' is preferred, bridge 'across the river' is also correct. 


⚫Note - ACROSS  and OVER are both prepositions and adverbs. They are in most cases interchangeable.


Look at these sentences:


Shivangi had to go across the river to get to their house.✔️


Shivangi and Shweta walked over the bridge in the misty morning.✔️


However, when the meaning is ‘from side to side’, ACROSS is preferred:


I ran across the street.✔️


We use 'OVER' to talk about movement or position at a higher level than something else:


A beautiful yellow bird flew over the lake.✔️


With an umbrella over her head, she was able to protect herself from the midday sun.✔️



10) Suraj entered into the classroom.❌

Suraj entered the classroom. ✔️

⚫Note - 'Enter' without the preposition 'into' is used  to enter physical spaces.But in case of any agreement 'enter' takes 'into' after it. 

We regret entering a financial agreement with them.❌
We regret entering into a financial agreement with them.✔️


11)  I informed to the police of the accident
. ❌

I informed the police of the accident. ✔️
⚫RULE 7  - Verbs of communication ( advise, tell, inform, ask, beg, command, request, encourage , order  urge etc) don't take preposition 'to' before the direct object. 

Another example


He encouraged to me to start that business.❌

He encouraged me to start that business. ✔️


12) Sohan is going in car. ❌

Sohan is going by car. ✔️

⚫RULE 8 - It's a simple sentence but still we tend to make mistakes, so keep in mind that Mode of transportation takes preposition 'by' when it comes with go/come/arrive etc. 



13) We shall have finished the syllabus in the end of next month.❌

We shall have finished the syllabus by the end of next month. ✔️

Note - 'By' is used for 'point of time' (not later than) as a preposition of time.

My mother told me to return home by 8 pm. ✔️

14) He died from cancer. 

He died of cancer. ✔️

He died of thirst. ❌

He died from thirst. ✔️

Note - 'of' is used when there is mention of any disease. 



15) He is conscious and engaged in his work. ❌

He is conscious of and engaged in his work. ✔️

⚫RULE 9 - If two Verbs /adjectives take two different prepositions, we must mention both the preposition




16) The saint emphasized (a) /on the need of (b) /discipline in life(c) /No error 

Solution - The error is in (b)

⚫RULE 10 - Stress, Emphasize, Investigate, resembles, Comprise , Accompany, Consider, Pervade, Precede, Succeed, Discuss, Describe etc are not followed by any preposition if they are used in active voice. 


Sneha resembles as her mother. ❌

Sneha resembles her mother. ✔️


17) Shivani suggested me (a) /that I should(b) / leave that job(c)/No error 


Solution - The error is in (a)

Add 'to' after suggested

⚫RULE 11 - 'to' is used after say, suggest, propose, speak, reply, explain, complain, talk, listen, write, report etc if the object is a living being.



◼️Some confusing pairs of preposition

1) Between and Among 

Between is used in reference to the association of two. 

Example - The sweets will be distributed between Suhana and Ananya. 


⚫Note - Between can be used in  reference to more than two when 
a) we talk about a definite number of people, things etc

Example - There is a tournament to be played between India, Srilanka and England.✔️


b) When we talk about mutual relationship 

There is an alliance between the three Asian countries. ✔️


⚫KIM (keep in mind) - Between is followed by 'and'. 
'Between.... and' takes objective case of pronoun. 

There is no friendship between he and I. ❌
There is no friendship between him and me. ✔️


Among is used in reference to the association of more than two. 

Example - Sweets are to be distributed among them.✔️



2) Beside and Besides

Beside - Adjacent 

She was standing beside me. ✔️

Besides - Apart from 

Besides Kareena Kapoor her husband was also there in the party. ✔️


3) By and With

By - indicates the doer
With - indicate the means

Let's see  examples :

A fish is caught by him with a rod. ✔️
The snake was killed by him with a rod. ✔️


4) In spite of and Despite 

Both have the same meaning, that is, regardless of. We don't use 'of' with despite.

Example 

Despite of being rich, she is not happy. ❌
Despite being rich, she is not happy. ✔️

In spite working hard, Ishaan failed. ❌
In spite of working hard, Ishaan failed. ✔️


5) On time, in time, in good time


On time - on a fixed/scheduled time(neither before nor after) 

Example - The train is running on time. 

In time - in the given time span

Example - We reached the examination centre in time.

In good time (with comfortable margin) 


Example - I arrived at the show in good time.


6) Across, Over and Through 


ACROSS  and OVER are both prepositions and adverbs. They are in most cases interchangeable.

Look at the sentences:


Sara  had to go across the river to get to their house.✔️

Suhana  and Ananya walked over the bridge in the misty morning.✔️

However, when the meaning is ‘from side to side’, ACROSS is preferred:


I ran across the street.✔️


We use 'OVER' to talk about movement or position at a higher level than something else:


A beautiful yellow bird flew over the lake.✔️


With an umbrella over her head, she was able to protect herself from the midday sun.✔️


Through indicates movement from one end to other end via medium. 

Example - The message was Conveyed to Ananya  by Suhana through Karan.✔️




Hey the one who landed here in order to learn important error spotting questions From preposition, Happy Learning!Have a great time ahead.

Study notes on preposition for SSC BANK and other exams






Study notes on preposition for SSC BANK and other exams Study notes on preposition for SSC BANK and other exams Reviewed by Konceptkanya on September 05, 2019 Rating: 5

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