Study Notes on Pronoun For SSC, BANK and other exams - PREPARE ENGLISH FOR SSC BANK AND OTHER EXAMS:ENGLISHKENDRA
Study Notes on Pronoun(with examples)  For SSC, BANK and other exams

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Let's talk about pronoun.we all know pronoun is a very important chapter from exam point of view.Let's learn its important rules with the help of variety of examples. 


💠STUDY NOTES ON PRONOUN /COMPILATION OF IMPORTANT RULES ASSOCIATED WITH PRONOUN (with examples and detailed explanation) 

Let's discuss some important rules associated with PRONOUN (with examples) 

Q.   I shall avail of(a) / the opportunity(b)  to meet Barak Obama(c) /No error

Solution :Error is in (a)

Use myself (Reflexive pronoun)  with avail.

Rule 1  - When the subject of a verb is receiver of the action , the action is said to be reflected. Such verbs are used reflexively.


Examples

They enjoyed during summer vacation. ❌
They enjoyed themselves during summer vacation. ✔️

Handy tip - if there is an object after 'enjoy' then no reflexive pronoun will be used. 

For example - They enjoyed the party. ✔️

( when 'enjoy' is used without an object then it takes reflexive pronoun.)
For example - they enjoyed during the vacation. ❌
They enjoyed themselves during the vacation. ✔️

He resigned to his failure. ❌
He resigned himself to his failure. ✔️

💯Click here for the important error detection questions based on Pronoun(with detailed solution)  

Q.  you should(a) / keep yourself away from(b) / bad company(c)/No error 


Solution : Error is in (b)

Remove ' yourself '

RULE 2 - Following verbs are not used reflexively. 

Keep, stop, turn, qualify, bathe, move, rest, hide

Examples

You should keep yourself from bad company. ❌
You should keep away from bad company. ✔️

Nirmal has qualified himself for the post.

Nirmal has qualified for the post. ✔️

Sohan hid himself in the room. ❌

Sohan hid in the room. ✔️

  💯CLICK HERE FOR THE HINDU PHRASAL VERBS COMPILATION

💯  CLICK HERE FOR THE HINDU IDIOMS COMPILATION 


💯  CLICK HERE FOR THE HINDU VOCABS COMPILATION



Q. I and You (a) /will attend (b) /the party tomorrow (c) /No error 


Solution : Error is in (a)

Correct usage will be ' You and I'

⚫RULE 3 - Good manners require that 'singular pronouns' should be in second person, third person, first person (231) order.But in plural, 'we' is used before 'you', that is, 123 order.same order (123) is followed while referring to unpleasant acts. 


Example - you and I will be punished.

         I and you will be punished. ✔️
Unpleasant act, so 123 order will be followed.

You, we and they should now get down to work. ❌

We, you and they should now get down to work. ✔️
(plural pronouns so order will be 123)


💯Click here for the compilation of important rules associated with ADJECTIVE(with examples) 


Q.  I together with Tara and Ananya (a)/ are going to(b) / market tomorrow(c) /No error 


Solution :Error is in (b)

Replace 'are' with  'am'

⚫RULE 4 - Two subjects joined by As well as, Together with, Along with, And not, In addition to, Like, Unlike, With, Rather than , Except, No less than, Nothing but etc.  takes helping verb and possessive adjective/pronoun as per first  subject. 


Example

Sheetal as well as her children has returned to their home.
Sheetal as well as her has returned to her home.✔️

💯Click here for the compilation of important ERROR DETECTION QUESTIONS from ADJECTIVE (with explanation) 


Q.  Neither the staff members (a) /nor the manager (b) /was taking their task seriously(c) /No error 

Solution : Error is in (c)

Replace 'their' with his

⚫RULE 5 - when two subjects are joined by 'either...  or, Neither... nor, not only.. but also, None... but, the helping verb and possessive adjective/ pronoun agrees with the nearest subject. 



Q.  Neither of the two(a) / brothers has (b) /brought their books(c) /No error 


Solution : Error is in (c)

Replace 'their' with 'his'

⚫ RULE 6 - ‘Either’ or ‘neither’ is used only in speaking of two persons or things; ‘any’, ‘no one’ and ‘none’ is used in speaking of more than two.

  Anyone of these two roads leads to the airport.❌
Either of these two roads leads to the airport.✔️

Neither of these three girls did his homework. ❌
No one of these three girls did his homework.✔️

⚫ RULE 7 - ‘Each other’ is used in speaking of two persons or things; ‘one another’ is used in speaking of more than two.

The two brothers loved one another.❌

The two brothers loved each other.✔️


⚫RULE  8 - when  pronoun Each, Every/Neither/Either/Anyone etc is used as subject, the possessive case should be third person  singular. They may refer to two or more than two objects or person

Example

Each boy and each teacher is required to bring their luggage. ❌

Each boy and each teacher is required to bring his luggage. ✔️


⚫ RULE 9 - A Noun or Pronoun governing a Gerund should be put in the possessive case.

Please excuse me being late.❌
Please excuse my being late.✔️
(being - gerund, my - Possessive case) 

⚫ RULE 10 - A Pronoun must agree with its antecedent in person, number and gender.

 Each of these boys has done their homework.❌
Each of these boys has done his homework.✔️

⚫ RULE 11 - When two or more Singular Nouns joined by ‘and’ refer to the same person or thing, a Pronoun used for them must be in the singular.

 The collector and District Magistrate is not negligent in their duty. ❌
The collector and District Magistrate is not negligent in his duty.✔️

⚫ RULE 12 -After let, if a Pronoun is used, that Pronoun must be in the Objective Case.

Let he go there.❌
Let him go there.✔️


💯Attempt Active-passive Voice Quiz (it is with detailed solution) (A must) 




Q. your separation (a) /is very (b) /painful for me (c) /No error 


Solution : Error is in (a)

'Separation from you ' is the correct usage.

⚫RULE 13 - sometimes some nouns such as Separation , Excuse , Sight, Mention, Report, Pardon, Favour are not used with a noun or pronoun in the possessive form. 


Example

At his sight the robbers fled. ❌
At the sight of him the robbers fled. ✔️


Q.  Both you as well as (a) /my brother are going to(b) / attend the party tomorrow(c) /No error 


Solution : Error is in (a)

Replace 'as well as' with 'and'

⚫RULE 14 - Both should be followed by 'and', not by as well as



Q.  Of the(a) / two sisters who(b) / is more intelligent? (c) /No error 


Solution : Error is in (b)

Replace 'who' with 'which'

⚫RULE 15 - 'which'  is used in place of 'who' when we are referring to a choice between two or more than two things or persons. 




RULE 16 - If two antecedents are joined by 'and' one being a human and other being an animal /non living thing, a relative pronoun 'that' is used. 

The man and his dog who I saw yesterday have been kidnapped. ❌


The man and his dog that I saw yesterday have been kidnapped. ✔️




Q.  I have a younger sister who I love very much. ❌

I have a younger sister whom I love very much. ✔️

⚫RULE 17 -
WHO Vs WHOM Vs THAT Relative pronoun

 Relative pronoun ' whom' is used to replace a human object of the sentence, while 'who' is used to replace subject of the sentence. 

The boy who came here is a very good singer. ✔️

(' Who ' has been used for the boy which is the subject of the sentence). 



Q.  Meera  is the smartest girl who I have ever met. ❌
Meera  is the smartest girl whom I have ever met. ❌
Meera  is the smartest girl that I have ever met. ✔️

⚫RULE 18 - Superlative degree, none, no one  anyone, much, little, (the same+noun), (the only + noun) are followed by 'that' relative pronoun. 



Q. Alia bhatt is as beautiful as me. ❌

      Alia Bhatt is as beautiful as I.✔️

⚫ RULE 19 - If there is a comparison between  two nominative cases, the pronoun of the nominative case is used after 'than'  



Q.  I know you as much as he.❌ 
I know you as much as him. ✔️

⚫RULE 20  - A subject is compared with a subject and an object is compared with an object. 

In the above case there is comparison between objective cases 'you' and 'him'. So 'he' won't be used. 


💯Click here to attempt Active-Passive Voice Quiz (with detailed solution) (A must)  (it covers all patterns of questions based on Active-Passive Voice) 



RULE 21 - If two antecedents are joined by 'and' one being a human and other being an animal /non living thing, a relative pronoun 'that' is used. 

 The man and his dog who I saw yesterday have been kidnapped. ❌

The man and his dog that I saw yesterday have been kidnapped. ✔️


⚫ RULE 22 - When a Pronoun is used as the complement of the Verb ‘to be’, it should be in the nominative case.

 If I were her, I would not do it.❌
If I were she, I would not do it.✔️

⚫ RULE 23- When a Pronoun is used as the object of a Verb or of a Preposition, it should be in the objective case.

Let you and I do it.❌
Let you and me do it.✔️

These chocolates are for you and I.❌
 These chocolates are for you and me.✔️

⚫ RULE 24-The Indefinite Pronoun ‘one’ should be used throughout if used at all.

 One must not boast of his own success.❌
 One must not boast of one’s own success.✔️

💯Click here for the Practice questions (with detailed solution) based on Pronoun 





The one who landed here to learn important error spotting questions from pronoun, Hope the post served you, 
Have a great time ahead, Wish you a good Luck!


Study notes on Pronoun For SSC BANK and other exams



Study Notes on Pronoun For SSC, BANK and other exams Study Notes on Pronoun For SSC, BANK and  other exams Reviewed by Konceptkanya on September 01, 2019 Rating: 5

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