Daily The Hindu Article (13/04/2020) with vocabulary, Cloze test, RC, Grammar questions based on the article - PREPARE ENGLISH FOR SSC BANK AND OTHER EXAMS:ENGLISHKENDRA
Daily The Hindu Article (13/04/2020) with vocabulary,  Cloze test, RC, Grammar questions based on the article (with detailed solution) 

We all know the importance of reading The Hindu editorial article. It is a ritual which every SSC or banking aspirants must follow as examiner tends to prepare English grammar questions from Newspaper articles .But wait, here we need to be selective in order to prepare English section smartly. 
( not all articles are necessary. Also it takes a lot of time to read). 
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💢The Hindu Article Of The Day

Trade in tatters: On the global slump

The only certainty right now in a pandemic-gripped world is the all-enveloping uncertainty. And the WTO __1__ as much when it released its outlook for global trade last week. Projecting merchandise trade to __2__ by anywhere between 13% and 32% in 2020, it added a categoric *CAVEAT*: at the moment, it is only able to posit a wide range of possible trajectories for the predicted decline in trade given the unprecedented nature of the health crisis caused by the COVID-19 outbreak and the uncertainty around its precise economic impact. 

Economists at the WTO, however,(a) /appear more certain that the disruption (b)/and resultant blow to trade will in all (c)/likelihood be far bad than the slump brought on by the global financial crisis of 2008.(d)/ As IMF Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva observed on April 9, the global economy is set to contract sharply in 2020, with “the lockdown needed to fight” the pandemic affecting billions worldwide. The tight __3__ on movement and social distancing norms across geographies have led to severe curbs on labour supply, transport and travel and the shuttering of whole sectors from hotels and non-essential retail to tourism and significant parts of manufacturing. The WTO expects all regions, save Africa, West Asia and the Commonwealth of Independent States, to suffer double-digit declines in exports and imports this year even under its “optimistic scenario”, which postulates a recovery starting in the second half.

 The WTO and the IMF chief have pointed(a)/ to the fact that unlike the recession that (b)/accompany the global financial crisis just over a decade ago,(c)/ the current downturn is unique(d)/.Global supply chains have increased in complexity, especially in industries such as electronics and automotive products, making them particularly vulnerable to the current disruptions, with countries that are a part of these value linkages set to find trade more severely impacted. Also, services trade — in which India has a higher global share as an exporter ($214 billion, or 3.5%, in 2019) than in merchandise exports — may be significantly affected by the transport and travel curbs. A small *SLIVER* of silver in this __4__ outlook for services trade is the role that the WTO sees for information technology services as companies try to enable employees to work from home and people order essentials and drugs online and socialise remotely. India’s IT exporters have been busy supporting their overseas clients’ business continuity plans in the face of the pandemic and may find this hand-holding at a time of dire need earning them loyalty-linked business when economic activity revives. Still, as the WTO chief, Roberto Azevêdo, crucially observes, a __5__ in global economic activity will require trade to flow freely across borders as vitally as any fiscal or monetary stimulus. The world will be best served if nations do not turn *INSULAR* and erect new barriers to the movement of goods, services and people in the aftermath of the pandemic.


Direction (1-5) - Choose the most appropriate word among the given options to fill the blanks 1,2,3,4 and 5.

Q.1
a)manipulated
b)corporated
c)correcting
d)infiltrated
e)acknowledged


Q.2
a)rise
b)arise
c)raise
d)plummet
e)raised

Q.3

a)misconception 

b)perception 

c)intention

d)restrictions 

e)integration 



Q.4

a)drizzling 

b)presenting 

c) praiseworthy 

d)coarser 

e)bleak


Q.5
a)regression 
b)caveat
c)penetration 
d)rebound
e)redundant

💯Click here for the topic wise Study Notes (Noun to conjunction, question tag, conditional Sentences etc)  (with examples and handy tips) 


Q.6 The first sentence of the second paragraph of the passage has been divided into four parts.One of these parts contain an error .Choose that part as your answer.Mark 'no error' as your answer if there is no error in the sentence.
1)a
2)b
3)c
4)d
5) No error


Q.7 The first sentence of the third paragraph of the passage has been divided into four parts.One of these parts contain an error .Choose that part as your answer.Mark 'no error' as your answer if there is no error in the sentence.
1)a
2)b
3)c
4)d
5) No error

Q.8 Choose the word which correctly represents the word given below.

CAVEAT
a)property 
b)feature

c) praiseworthy 

d)warning 

e)dull


Q.9 Choose the word which correctly represents the word given below.



SLIVER

a)cut-off
b)character

c) slice 

d)mole 

e)brightness


Q.10 Choose the word which correctly represents the word given below.

INSULAR
a)sane 
b)insane

c) toggle 

d)standoffish

e)extreme


💯Click here for the topic wise Study Notes (Noun to conjunction, question tag, conditional Sentences etc)  (with examples and handy tips) 

SOLUTION 

1) Acknowledge meaning 'to recognize as a fact or truth',fits in the context appropriately.Rest options can be eliminated based on their 'out of context' meaning or parts of speech.
To fill the blank we need v2 ,so option c gets rejected here. Rest options meaning-
Manipulated - to influence or control someone in order to achieve a specific purpose.
Corporated -unified into one body
Infiltrated - to surreptitiously penetrate,enter or gain access.
Hence,'acknowledged' is the only word among the given options that goes well with the context. 
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2) Plummet meaning 'a decline/fall,fits in the context appropriately. Rest options can be easily eliminated as they contradict the context.



3) Restrictions meaning 'regulations that restrict',fits in the context appropriately. Rest options can be easily eliminated based on their 'out of context ' meaning.


4) Bleak meaning 'dull',fits in the context appropriately. 



5) Rebound meaning 'an effort to recover from a setback',fits in the context appropriately. Rest options can be eliminated based on their 'out of context' meaning or parts of speech.
To fill the blank ,we need a noun.Redundant meaning 'superfluous' can't be used as it's an adjective.
Let's take a look at other options meanings to understand how they are out of context.
Regression- an action of travelling back in time;an act of regressing.
Caveat - a warning
Penetration-the act of penetrating something. 
Hence,rebound is the only word among the given options that goes well with the context. 

6) d, Replace 'bad' with worse as it's a comparison.

7)c,  Replace 'accompany' with accompanied as the given sentence is in past tense.
8) Caveat - a warning

9) Sliver - slice,splinter


10) Insular - reserved,standoffish;having little interaction.
Click here to attempt Practice Set- 1 of English Series (Error detection, fillers, Parajumbles, phrase replacement, Cloze test) (new pattern) with detailed solution for SBI Clerk Mains 2020

Complete Article

💢The Hindu Article Of The Day

Trade in tatters: On the global slump

The only certainty right now in a pandemic-gripped world is the all-enveloping uncertainty. And the WTO acknowledged as much when it released its outlook for global trade last week. Projecting MERCHANDISE trade to PLUMMET by anywhere between 13% and 32% in 2020, it added a categoric CAVEAT: at the moment, it is only able to posit a wide range of possible trajectories for the predicted decline in trade given the unprecedented nature of the health crisis caused by the COVID-19 outbreak and the uncertainty around its precise economic impact. Economists at the WTO, however, appear more certain that the disruption and resultant blow to trade will in all likelihood be far worse than the SLUMP BROUGHT ON by the global financial crisis of 2008. As IMF Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva observed on April 9, the global economy is set to contract sharply in 2020, with “the lockdown needed to fight” the pandemic affecting billions worldwide. The tight restrictions on movement and social distancing norms across geographies have led to severe curbs on labour supply, transport and travel and the shuttering of whole sectors from hotels and non-essential retail to tourism and significant parts of manufacturing. The WTO expects all regions, save Africa, West Asia and the Commonwealth of Independent States, to suffer double-digit declines in exports and imports this year even under its “optimistic scenario”, which postulates a recovery starting in the second half.

 The WTO and the IMF chief have pointed to the fact that unlike the recession that accompanied the global financial crisis just over a decade ago, the current downturn is unique. Global supply chains have increased in complexity, especially in industries such as electronics and automotive products, making them particularly vulnerable to the current disruptions, with countries that are a part of these value linkages set to find trade more severely impacted. Also, services trade — in which India has a higher global share as an exporter ($214 billion, or 3.5%, in 2019) than in merchandise exports — may be significantly affected by the transport and travel curbs. A small SLIVER of silver in this BLEAK outlook for services trade is the role that the WTO sees for information technology services as companies try to enable employees to work from home and people order essentials and drugs online and socialise remotely. India’s IT exporters have been busy supporting their overseas clients’ business continuity plans in the face of the pandemic and may find this hand-holding at a time of dire need earning them loyalty-linked business when economic activity revives. Still, as the WTO chief, Roberto Azevêdo, crucially observes, a rebound in global economic activity will require trade to flow freely across borders as vitally as any fiscal or monetary stimulus. The world will be best served if nations do not turn INSULAR and erect new barriers to the movement of goods, services and people in the aftermath of the pandemic.

♏Important words from the Article 

 1.MERCHANDISE (n)-the commodities or goods that are bought and sold in business.व्यापार

 2.PLUMMET (v)-to go down in amount or value very quickly and suddenly.गिर जाना

 3.CAVEAT (n)-a warning or proviso of specific stipulations, conditions, or limitations.चेतावनी

 4.SLUMP (n)-a sudden severe or prolonged fall in the price, value, or amount of something.मंदी

 5.BROUGHT ON (phrasal verb)-to be the cause of.

 6.SLIVER (n)-a small, thin, narrow piece of something cut or split off a larger piece.टुकड़ा

 7.BLEAK (adj)-not giving much hope for the future.निराशाजनक

 8.INSULAR (adj)-interested only in your own country or group and not willing to accept different or foreign ideas or people.









Daily The Hindu Article (13/04/2020) with vocabulary, Cloze test, RC, Grammar questions based on the article Daily The Hindu Article (13/04/2020) with vocabulary,  Cloze test, RC, Grammar questions based on the article Reviewed by Admin on April 13, 2020 Rating: 5

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