Passage 5 /Reading comprehension 5(with explanation) for SSC,BANK (SBI, IBPS, RBI grade B) and other exams - PREPARE ENGLISH FOR SSC BANK AND OTHER EXAMS:ENGLISHKENDRA

Note :- The passages/ reading comprehension available on EnglishKendra, have been prepared from recent articles of newspapers(The Hindu, The Indian Express etc) , magazines and books. So, chances of similar comprehension being  asked in different bank/IBPS, SSC, RBI assistant/grade B exams are quite high. 
We have provided an excellent solution as well to help you understand better.
Hope the post serves you! 

πŸ’―Click here for the compilation of 20 frequently asked error detection rules /GRAMMAR RULES in BANK exams. 


πŸ”˜Before solving the reading comprehension let's take a look at the right approach to solve it in no time at all. 
Practising passages/reading comprehension is of utmost importance when it comes to banking(IBPS, SBI, RBI), SSC and other exams. Tackling it with wits can get you an edge over other students. Englishkendra team has simplified your task and has provided excellent explanation so that you learn to solve a passage in actual sense and become able to eliminate 'not so appropriate' options. 
Do check out other posts as well  Each and every post has been prepared by the experts of EnglishKendra keeping in mind the pattern and demand of the exams .
How to solve a passage in no time? 

◾Handy tip - At first, take a glance at the options so that when you read the passage, you have questions in your mind and as soon as you come across sentences which addresses the questions it will pinch your mind and you will get the answer. In this way you will be able to solve the passage in less than half of the time you usually take.
Let's solve the passage now
Don't read the passage first , start from the questions. 
Step 1 - Take a glance at the questions .

Step 2 - Look for the keywords of the questions in the passage while reading the passage. 

PASSAGE 5
πŸ’―Click here to solve the passage 1
πŸ’―Click here to solve the passage 2
πŸ’―Click here to solve the passage 3
πŸ’―Click here to solve the passage 4

The cyber-world  is ultimately  ungovernable.  This is alarming  as well  as convenient,  sometimes,  convenient because alarming.  Some Indian politicians use this to great advantage.  When there is an obvious failure in governance during a crisis they deflect attention from their own incompetence towards the ungovernable.

So, having failed to prevent nervous citizens from fleeing their cities of work by assuring them of proper protection,  some national leaders are now busy trying to prove to one another and to panic-prone Indians,  that a mischievous neighbour has been using the Internet and social networking sites to spread dangerous rumours. And the  Centre's automatic reaction is to start blocking these sites and begin elaborate and potentially endless negotiations with Google,  Twitter and Facebook  about  access to information.  If this is the official idea of prompt action at a time of crisis among  communities,  then Indians have more reason  to  fear  their  protectors  than the nebulous  mischief-makers  of  the  Cyber-world.

Wasting time  gathering proof,  blocking  vaguely  suspicious websites,  hurling accusations across the border  and  worrying about bilateral relation;  are ways of  keeping busy with  inessentials because  one  does not quite know what to do about the essentials of a difficult situation.  Besides, only a  fifth of the 245 websites blocked by the Centre mention the people of the North-East or the violence in Assam.

And if a few morphed images and spurious texts can unsettle an entire nation,  then there is something deeply wrong with the nation and with how it is being governed.  This is what its leaders should be addressing immediately,  rather than making a wrongheaded  display of their powers of censorship.

It is just as absurd and part of the same syndrome,  to try to ban Twitter accounts that parody despatches from the  Prime Minister's office.  To describe such forms of humour and dissent as 'misrepresenting'  the PMO- as if  Twitterers  would  take  these  parodies  for  genuine  despatches  from the PMO- makes the PMO  look more ridiculous than its parodists  manage to.

With the precedent  for such action set recently by the Chief Minister of  West Bengal,  this is yet another proof that what Bengal thinks today India will think tomorrow. Using the Cyber-world for flexing the wrong muscles is essentially not funny.  It might even prove to be quite  dangerously distracting.

(Note - Detailed solution has been provided.Scroll down the page for the detailed solution .) 

πŸ’―Click here to practise CLOZE TESTS (with detailed solution) 
πŸ’―Click here to practise PARA JUMBLES (with detailed solution and handy tips) 

1) According to the passage, the Cyber-world is 

a) beyond the imagination of people

b) outside the purview of common people
C) not to be governed
d) ungovernable


2) The author is of the opinion that 


a) the centre should start negotiations with Google,  Twitter  and  Facebook

b) the centre should help the citizens evacuate their city.
c) the centre should not block the sites
d) the centre should arrest the guilty

πŸ’―Click here for the study notes on ACTIVE-PASSIVE VOICE(with examples)  
πŸ’―Click here for the study notes on DIRECT-INDIRECT SPEECH (with examples) 

3) which of the following is closest to the meaning of 'nebulous'?

a) confused            b) Vague

c) Iridescent          d) glowing


4) The word 'spurious' means 


a) genuine            b) authentic

c) substantial       d) fake

5) The author feels the need of


a) not playing false with the citizens

b) dangers inherent in the Cyber-world
c) not using the Cyber-world judiciously
d)  protecting the citizens from dangerous politicians


6) 'Parody' means 


a) twist              b) jeopardize

c) ridicule        d) imitate


7) What is the opposite of 'wrong headed'?


a) silly                b) sane

c) insane            d) insensible


8) The passage suggests different ways of keeping the public busy with 'inessentials' . Pick the odd one out 


a) By blocking websites which are vaguely suspicious

b) By blaming neighbouring countries across the border
c) By turning the attention of the people to violence in Assam
d) By getting involved  in  a  discourse on bilateral relations

SOLUTION

1)d
It's clearly given in the very first sentence of the passage - 'The cyber-world  is ultimately  ungovernable'.

2)c
Among the given options 'c' is the most appropriate option. 
In the 3rd paragraph, author has mentioned that blocking sites is a time wasting act on government part. 
Nowhere in the passage, author has supported the idea of the government helping people to evacuate their cities.

3)b
Nebulous - Vague
Iridescent - bright, lustrous, colourful

4)d
Spurious - false, not authentic, fake

5)d
In the passage the author has clearly pointed towards loopholes in governance with respect to tackling cyber world. The author has blamed politicians for the aggravated situation. 
In the last sentence of 2nd paragraph, the author has clearly said - "If this is the official idea of prompt action at a time of crisis among  communities,  then Indians have more reason  to  fear  their  protectors  than the nebulous  mischief-makers  of  the  Cyber-world". 
Hence,we will go with option d

6)c
Parody - A work/act/performance that imitates another work/act/performance with ridicule or irony. 

7)b
Wrong-headed  means insane. So, opposite would be sane or sensible. 

8)c
Check out the 3rd paragraph of the passage.The author has mentioned different ways of government for keeping the public busy with inessential. He has not mentioned option c though.

πŸ’―Click here for the compilation of 20 frequently asked error detection rules /GRAMMAR RULES in BANK exams. 

πŸ’―Click here for the compilation of frequently asked ERROR DETECTION RULES /GRAMMAR RULES in SSC exams


πŸ’―Click here for the study notes on VERB

πŸ’―Click here for the study notes on ADVERB 

πŸ’―Click here for the study notes on PREPOSITION 

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RC/Reading comprehension /passage Englishkendra, for SSC, BANK(SBI, IBPS, RBI grade B) and other exams





Passage 5 /Reading comprehension 5(with explanation) for SSC,BANK (SBI, IBPS, RBI grade B) and other exams Passage 5 /Reading comprehension 5(with explanation)  for SSC,BANK (SBI, IBPS, RBI grade B) and other exams Reviewed by Radhika on December 12, 2019 Rating: 5

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