CAT

Verbal Ability preparation for CAT 2020: Reading Comprehension, Para-jumbles

How to prepare Reading comprehension for CAT: Verbal ability preparation for CAT 2020

How to prepare Reading comprehension for CAT: Verbal ability questions and answers for CAT 2020

Do you know that tackling English of CAT is easier with the right strategy and practice? 

CAT Verbal ability syllabus consists mostly of Reading comprehension, Parajumbles, Odd one out and Summary type questions. This Verbal ability for CAT PDF download consists of the Verbal ability tests with solutions.

The Reading comprehensions are generally from genres like Technology, History, Philosophy, Psychology, Narration of Incidents or Things etc. In order to tackle any type of Reading Comprehensions, more practice is needed. Hence, aspirants must acquaint themselves with various styles of RCs.

Though RCs take more time to read and answer as compared to summary or parajumbles questions, Reading Comprehensions will have more weightage and more number of common group questions. If you are left with last 5 minutes for this section, it is better to not touch any new Reading Comprehensions and put yourself under undue pressure. Most of the RC questions demand depth and a quick skimming will hardly work.

Here, I would like you to introduce with English HotSpot. 

What doest it contain? 

It contains The Hindu editorials of the month along with Reading Comprehension, Cloze test, error detection, para-jumbles, and other grammar questions based on the editorials (with detailed solutions and handy tips).

✅ It also contains compilation of important Grammar Rules used in the editorial sentences (with plenty of examples).

✅ Contains a monthly compilation of The Hindu vocab with synonyms, antonyms. (with English and Hindi meaning)

Instead, use that time to solve summary or Odd sentence out question. Aspirants can solve these questions within 2 to 3 minutes. Even if you cannot make a headway after reading the question for a minute, the marks at stake are less and hence, you can afford to move on to the next question.

As far as the types of questions go, CAT used to ask grammar questions in the form of Sentence Correction questions, requiring you to identify the correct/incorrect sentences. In 2015, the Verbal Ability section of CAT was revised to include Non-MCQs while error-based questions nearly disappeared. Nevertheless, it is important for you to be fully aware of the fundamental rules of grammar since they guide you through most of the questions of Verbal Ability.

The tricky part in these questions is not the format but the kind of errors probed in these questions. The error types in grammar-based questions include errors related to the parts of speech. Take a look at the important grammar rules so as to make the correct usage of various parts of speech:

Let’s discuss some of the previous year CAT questions to clarify the application of Grammar rules:

Directions: Select the option that is correct in terms of grammar and usage (including spelling, punctuation and logical consistency) and can effectively replace the underlined incorrect part of the given sentence. Choose the most appropriate option.

Q.1. It is the powerful compound capsaicin that makes a chilli pepper hot; a single drop that has no taste and odour is capable of detection by humans at one part per million.

a single drop that has no taste and odour is capable of detection
a single drop is detectable, though without taste and odour,
a single, tasteless and odourless drop can be detected
single, tasteless and odourless drops are capable of detection
Answer: Option C

Solution: After semicolon, the next sentence needs to be an Independent clause. All options appear to be Independent clauses. When a word is used in several ways (as Noun, Adjective, Verb) preference goes as per VAN rule (Verb>Adjective>Noun).
So, it should be: detected > detectable > detection.

a single drop that has no taste and odour is capable of detection: violates VAN rule
a single drop is detectable, though without taste and odour: violates VAN rule
a single, tasteless and odourless drop can be detected: favors VAN rule
single, tasteless and odourless drops are capable of detection: violates VAN rule
Directions for questions 2 to 4: In each of the following questions there are sentences that form a paragraph. Identify the sentence(s) or part(s) of sentence(s) that is/are correct in terms of grammar and usage (including spelling, punctuation and logical consistency). Then, choose the most appropriate option.
Q.2. A. In 1849, a poor Bavarian imigrant named Levi Strauss

B. landed in San Francisco, California,

C. at the invitation of his brother-in-law David Stern

D. owner of dry goods business.

E. This dry goods business would later became known as Levi Strauss & Company.

1. B only 2. B and C only 3. A and B 4. A only 5. A, B and D
Answer: Option 1
Solution: Error in A – spelling of imigrant is immigrant
Error in C – , (comma) required after in-law & David Stern
Error in D – ..’a’ required before ‘dry goods business’
Error in E – ..would later ‘become’
Q.3. A. In response to the allegations and condemnation pouring in,
B. Nike implemented comprehensive changed in their labour policy.
C. Perhaps sensing the rising tide of global labour concerns,
D. from the public would become a prominent media issue,
E. Nike sought to be a industry leader in employee relations.
1. D and E 2. D only 3. A and E 4. A and D 5. B, C and E
Answer: Option 4

Solution: Error in B – ……changes in “its” labour policy
Error in C – sensing that….
Error in E – an industry leader
Q.4. A. Charges and countercharges mean nothing
B. to the few million who have lost their home.
C. The nightmare is far from over, for the government
D. is still unable to reach hundreds who are marooned.
E. The death count have just begun.
1. A only 2. C only 3. A and C 4. A, C and D 5. D only.
Answer: Option 3
Solution: Error in B – it should be millions
Error in D – it should be ‘the hundreds’
Error in E – the death count “has” just begun

One option for preparing English grammar for CAT is to study from the book ‘High School Grammar and Composition by Wren and Martin’. Treat this as your textbook which you can use for reference purpose for clarifying core topics.
Another good book is ‘Better English by Norman Lewis’. It is written in an informative and interesting style, which makes it easy to read and understand the grammar basics.
The other option is to use your reading skills for identifying these errors. You are advised to build a basic list of these errors (you can do so by writing down all the errors that appear in your tests) and keep revising this list to ensure that you are able to memorize these errors.
You need to practice grammar exercises to ensure that you maximize your score in these questions. Solve 10 to 20 grammar questions per day, and as stated above, make a list of the new errors you learn from every test. In the last thirty days, this list will work as your ready-reckoner for grammar.

Verbal ability questions and answers. These verbal ability and reading comprehension question tests will be very useful for the CAT Verbal preparation. CAT Verbal ability syllabus consists mostly of Reading comprehension, Parajumbles, Odd one out and Summary type questions. This Verbal ability for CAT PDF download consists of the Verbal ability tests with solutions.

The Reading comprehension questions will be from genres like Technology, History, Philosophy, Psychology, Narration of Incidents or Things etc. In order to tackle any type of RCs, more practice is needed. Hence, aspirants must acquaint themself with various styles of RCs.

Though RCs take more time to read and answer as compared to summary or parajumbles questions, RCs will have more weightage and more number of common group questions. If you are left with last 5 minutes for this section, it is better to not touch any new RCs and put yourself under undue pressure. Most of the RC questions demand depth and a quick skimming will hardly work.

Instead, use that time to solve summary or Odd sentence out question. Aspirants can solve these questions within 2 to 3 minutes. Even if you cannot make a headway after reading the question for a minute, the marks at stake are less and hence, you can afford to move on to the next question

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