Daily The Hindu editorial with grammar questions

Vocab,RC,cloze test based on The Hindu editorial 02 June 2020

rc for sbi po 2020,reading comprehension for sbi po 2020 pdf,daily editorial based reading comprehension,the hindu reading comprehension,reading comprehension for bank po pdf

Daily The Hindu editorial with RC,cloze test,error detection,vocab 02 June 2020

Go to the editorial passage

 

Direction (1-5) –In the given passage, some words have been omitted. Choose the words that make the passage meaningful.

 

Q1. Select the word that can be filled in the blank A to make the passage meaningful.
a)hapless
b)dilemma
c)vilification
d)disarray
e)distal

Q2. Select the word that can be filled in the blank B to make the passage meaningful.
a)ratch
b)wrath
c)veneration
d)account
e)coalition

Q.3 Select the word that can be filled in the blank C to make the passage meaningful.

a)deviation

b)regulation

c)ramifications

d)diligence

e)swathes

 

Q4. Select the word that can be filled in the blank D to make the passage meaningful.

a)inconvenient
b)imprudent
c)demanded
d)inopportune
e)inadequate

 

Q5. Select the word that can be filled in the blank E to make the passage meaningful.

a)tarnish
b)force
c)mediate
d)cajole
e)mitigate


Q6. According to the passage, which of the following statements are correct?

A.Labour is a subject in the concurrent list

B.Being a Centre subject in the Constitution, States need the Centre’s nod to effect these changes(changes mentioned in the passage).

C.Official instructions to keep paying employees amidst the lockdown have not worked evenly


a)Only A is correct
b)Only B is correct
c)Only C is correct
d)B and C are correct
e)A and C are correct 

Q7.According to the passage ,Relaxations have also been sought in statutory wage payments for-

A.March and April when little work happened.

B.February and March when little work happened.

C.April and May when little work happened.

a)A and B are correct

b)B and C are correct

c)only C is correct

d)A, B and C are correct

e)A and B are correct

 

Q8. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase  given below.


SCRAP

a)increase
b)enumerate
c)discard
d)hapless
e)provocate

Q9. Sentence Y of the passage has been divided into four parts. One or two of these parts contain errors . Choose the parts as your answer. Mark ‘no error’ as your answer if there is no error in the sentence.

1)a

2)b

3)c

4)d

5) No error

 

Q10. Sentence X of the passage has been divided into four parts. One or two of these parts contain errors .Choose the parts as your answer. Mark ‘no error’ as your answer if there is no error in the sentence.

1)a

2)b

3)c

4)d

5) No error

SOLUTION 

1)Disarray, meaning- thrown into disorder,fits into the context appropriately as we need a filler which can  be used as a noun and imparts a meaning similar to that of ‘thrown into disorder’.

If we break the sentence,it means to say that over two months into the national lockdown, India’s workforce is in complete disarray.
Rest of the options can be easily eliminated, provided that you are aware of the meaning of the given options.Hapless and distal (meaning-remote) can be easily eliminated as they are adjectives and we need a noun to make the sentence grammatically correct.Vilification(meaning- malicious defamation) can also be easily eliminated as it has nothing to do with the context of the sentence.Between dilemma and disarray, disarray is a better choice in the given context.

 

2)Wrath,meaning-fury,anger,punishment, fits into the context appropriately as we need a filler that can be used as a noun and imparts a meaning similar to that of ‘fury,anger,punishment’.
The sentence is in the context of migrant labourers facing police wrath on their way to their native places.

You can easily eliminate rest of the options as they render the sentence contextually incorrect.Veneration (meaning- respect),account and coalition can be easily eliminated as they have nothing to do with the context of the sentence.Ratch can also be easily eliminated if you are aware of its meaning.Ratch – a ratched wheel

 

3)Swathes,meaning- a group of people, fits into the context appropriately as we need a filler that can be  used  as a noun and imparts a meaning similar to that of ‘a group of people’ as group of informal sector workers is being talked about in the sentence.

Rest of the options can be easily eliminated as they don’t fit into the context at all.
Ramifications, meaning- an offshoot of a decision, has nothing to do with the context.
Diligence,deviation and regulation also have nothing to do with the context of the sentence.Hence,they stand eliminated.

Tip – If you find it difficult to eliminate unsuitable options,read the passage 2-3 times,keep in mind that you are here to practise,allowing yourself to make mistakes and then rectifying those mistakes in order to avoid mistakes in the exam.

4)Inadequate, meaning-not sufficient, fits into the context appropriately as we need a filler which can be used as an adjective and imparts a meaning similar to that of ‘not sufficient’ to show the lacking manpower which is being talked about in the sentence.

Rest of the options can be easily eliminated, provided that you have read the passage carefully as all the other options render the sentence contextually incorrect.


5)Cajole,meaning- to persuade someone to do something, is the  most apt word that fits into the context appropriately as the sentence talks about persuading workers to return to their workplaces.

Rest of the options can be easily eliminated.

Tarnish- to lose lustre
Mitigate – to reduce
and mediate have nothing to do with the context.Hence,they stand eliminated.

Between force and cajole ,cajole is a better choice for the given context.

 

6)Statements A and C are correct.
B is wrong because- Being a concurrent subject in the Constitution,States,however,need the Centre’s nod to effect these changes.

7) c

It is clearly mentioned in the passage – Relaxations have also been sought in statutory wage payments for April and May when little work happened.

8)SCRAP– to discard,to throw  away 

9) The error is in d part. Replace ‘for’ with ‘to’ to make the sentence grammatically correct.

Amount to – to produce when added together

10) The error is in c part. Replace ‘of’ with ‘on’ to make the sentence grammatically correct.

‘Embark on’ is a phrasal verbs which means ‘to start something new or important’.

COMPLETE ARTICLE 

Over two months into the national lockdown, India’s workforce, ostensibly blessed to be part of its much-vaunted demographic dividend, is in complete disarray. There is the visibly disturbing narrative of a few million workers trying to get back home from their respective urban lives as resources run out and lack of adequate living space hits hard in the face of a virus that requires physical distancing. They used their feet, often facing police wrath, till the administration allowed trains and buses to move again. While swathes of informal sector workers are moving away from their adopted base, the remaining 10% of the workforce that is formally employed with social security benefits are beset by pink slips, furloughs, or salary cuts. The trend, driven by the slump in economic activity, cuts across sectors. Restrictions have eased slightly, but a return to normalcy has proved challenging even for the firms that are allowed to operate, largely due to inadequate manpower. Industry representatives have pleaded with the Labour Ministry to cajole workers to return to their workplaces on being summoned, and if that does not prove effective, make them liable for action under relevant industrial labour legislation. Relaxations have also been sought in statutory wage payments for April and May when little work happened.

Several States offered a temporary fix — stretching permissible working hours from eight to 12, so that productivity can improve even with less-than-optimal staff strength. While Rajasthan withdrew such an order, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and some others have used the occasion to embark on a purge of labour laws, citing the need to spur investor confidence and revive job creation. Labour unions have protested this wholesale scrapping that would leave employees vulnerable in many aspects. Being a concurrent subject in the Constitution, States, however, need the Centre’s nod to effect these changes and, for now, Labour Minister Santosh Kumar Gangwar appears disinclined to agree. Official instructions to keep paying employees amidst the lockdown have not worked evenly, while tweaks such as lowering the EPF contribution rate do not amount to much relief for firms or their staff. While the nature of work is changing and greater spending is needed on hygiene, the immediate challenge is to inspire employee confidence. Most migrant workers are running scared of the pandemic. Getting them home safely is a first step and giving them an emergency income support till the worst of the pandemic subsides is the next. But for them to return to work enthusiastically over time, it is equally critical to reorient India’s current approach to urban and industrial housing, workplace social security and minimum wage standards. The Centre must begin a dialogue with States on this front. Ineffective paper laws such as the Inter-State Migrant Workmen Act of 1979 can be reviewed thereafter.

SOME IMPORTANT WORDS FROM THE ARTICLE

1.TWEAKING (v)-improve (a mechanism or system) by making fine adjustments to it.सुधारना

2.OSTENSIBLY (adv)-as appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so; apparently.जाहिर तौर पर

3.VAUNTED (adj)-praised often in a way that is considered to be more than acceptable or reasonable.

4.RUN OUT (phrasal verb)-to use something completely so that nothing is left.समाप्त होना

5.WRATH (n)-extreme anger.क्रोध,रोष

6.PINK SLIPS (n)-a notice of dismissal from employment.

7.FURLOUGHS (n)-a temporary leave from work that is not paid and is often for a set period of time.थोड़े दिन की छुट्टी,अवकाश

8.CAJOLE (v)-persuade (someone) to do something by sustained coaxing or flattery.ख़ुशामद करना

9.PURGE (n)-the removal of undesirables from a state, organization, or political party.

10.SPUR (v)-to encourage an activity or development or make it happen faster.प्रोत्साहित करना

Leave a Comment