Daily The Hindu editorial with grammar questions

Vocab,RC,cloze test based on The Hindu editorial 01 June 2020

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Daily The Hindu editorial with RC,cloze test,error detection,vocab 01 June 2020

Go to the editorial passage
Direction (1-5) –In the given passage, some words have been omitted. Choose the words that make the passage meaningful.

 

Q1. Select the word that can be filled in the blank A to make the passage meaningful.
a)desired
b)hackneyed
c)traumatic
d)mystified
e)engaged

Q2. Select the word that can be filled in the blank B to make the passage meaningful.
a)find
b)amplify
c)venerate
d)resume
e)presume

Q.3 Select the word that can be filled in the blank C to make the passage meaningful.

a)deviation

b)regulation

c)ramifications

d)diligence

e)integrity

Q4. Select the word that can be filled in the blank D to make the passage meaningful.

a)convenience
b)prudence
c)demand
d)inopportune
e)curtailment

Q5. Select the word that can be filled in the blank E to make the passage meaningful.

a)tarnishing
b)hiding
c)miliate
d)end
e)mitigating

Q6. According to the passage, which of the following statements are correct?

A. Latest data since the virus surfaced in the country show that 13 cities, including some of the biggest metros, host 70% of the cases.

B. The course of COVID-19 in the weeks ahead is by no means predictable

C.The course of COVID-19 in the weeks ahead is by some means predictable

a)Only A is correct
b)Only B is correct
c)Only C is correct
d)B and C are correct
e)A and B are correct

Q7.According to the passage ,Whether in the cities or the countryside, ‘Unlock 1’ must prioritise some actions. What are these actions?

A.creating public awareness that the virus is present

B. Ramping up testing and providing health services

C.intensively forsaking relief measures.

a)A and B are correct

b)B and C are correct

c)only C is correct

d)A, B and C are correct

e)A and B are correct

Q8. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase given below.

RAMP UP

a)increase
b)enumerate
c)deprive
d)hapless
e)provoke

Q9. Sentence Y of the passage has been divided into four parts. One or two of these parts contain errors . Choose the parts as your answer. Mark ‘no error’ as your answer if there is no error in the sentence.

1)a

2)b

3)c

4)d

5) No error

 

Q10. Sentence X of the passage has been divided into four parts. One or two of these parts contain errors . Choose the parts as your answer. Mark ‘no error’ as your answer if there is no error in the sentence.

1)a

2)b

3)c

4)d

5) No error

SOLUTION

1)Traumatic, meaning- causing trauma;vulnerary,fits into the context appropriately as we need a filler which can be used as an adjective and imparts a meaning similar to that of ‘causing trauma;vulnerary.

If we break the sentence into parts,it means to say that severe restrictions to contain COVID-19 produced traumatic displacement of the weakest sections.Rest of the options can be easily eliminated, provided that you are aware of the meaning of the given options.
Desired can be easily eliminated as it goes against the context.
Hackneyed(meaning- repeated too often),mystifed(meaning- confused) and engaged can also be easily eliminated as they have nothing to do with the context of the sentence.

2)Resume fits into the context appropriately as we need a filler that can be used as a verb and imparts a meaning similar to that of ‘restart;reboot’.The sentence means to say that the Centre’s move for a phased unlocking of public activity sets the stage for people to resume their jobs and undertake some travel.

You can easily eliminate rest of the options.Amplify (meaning- to make intense),venerate(meaning- to treat with respect) and presume (meaning- to assume to be true ) can be easily eliminated as they all have out of context meanings and render the sentence contextually incorrect.
Between find and resume, resume is a better choice given the context of phasee unlocking of public activities.

 

3)Diligence,meaning- combination of carefulness and long-term effort, fits into the context appropriately as we need a filler that can be used as a noun and imparts a meaning similar to that of ‘combination of carefulness and long-term effort’.

The sentence means to say that States must show diligence in actively testing and quarantining individuals in cities with high incidence to significantly control the spread.Rest of the options can be easily eliminated as they don’t fit into the context at all.
Deviation goes against the context.
Ramifications, meaning- an offshoot of a decision, has nothing to do with the context.
Integrity and regulation also has nothing to do with the context of the sentence.Hence,they stand eliminated.

Tip – If you find it difficult to eliminate unsuitable options,read the passage 2-3 times,keep in mind that you are here to practise,allowing yourself to make mistakes and then rectifying those mistakes in order to avoid mistakes in the exam.

4)Curtailment, meaning-the act of shortening;abridging, fits into the context appropriately as we need a filler which can be used as a noun and imparts a meaning similar to that of ‘the act of shortening;abridging to show the curtailment of people’s liberties during the lockdown.

Rest of the options can be easily eliminated as all the other options render the sentence contextually incorrect.

5)Mitigating,meaning- reducing, is the most apt word that fits into the context appropriately as the sentence talks about mitigating misery of the people.Rest of the options can be easily eliminated.

Tarnishing- losing its lustre
Militate – to give or effect toward;to fight  , Hiding – concealing
They all have nothing to do with the context.Using them as filler render the sentence contextually incorrect.

6)Statements A and B are correct.
C is wrong because- The course of COVID-19 in the weeks ahead is by no means predictable.

7) e ,It is clearly mentioned in the passage –Whether in the cities or the countryside, ‘Unlock 1’ must prioritise some actions: create public awareness that the virus is present, ramp up testing, provide health services, and intensively monitor relief measures.
Intensively forsaking relief measures is wrong.

8)RAMP UP– to increase

9) The error is in a part. Replace ‘underscores’ with ‘underscored’ to make the sentence grammatically correct.

The course of COVID-19 is a singular subject. Hence, singular verb ‘is’ will be used.

10) The error is in a part.

Replace ‘underscores’ with ‘underscored’ to make the sentence grammatically correct.

Underscore(v) – to underline
Here ,we need v3 to make the sentence grammatically correct.
It’s (to +be + v3) structure.

COMPLETE ARTICLE

It is a truth universally acknowledged now that the severe restrictions to contain COVID-19 produced TRAUMATIC displacement of the weakest sections, while the check on infection spread was modest. The Centre’s move for a phased unlocking of public activity after the rigorous lockdown since March 25 sets the stage for people to resume their jobs and undertake some travel. The ‘Unlock 1’ plan should ensure a careful restarting of activities, the most important of which is the delivery of goods and everyday services, including health services unrelated to COVID-19 infections. Latest data since the virus surfaced in the country show that 13 cities, including some of the biggest metros, host 70% of the cases, and many of the earlier restrictions will continue there. Retaining curbs on big gatherings, such as in religious places, is reasonable, given the history of these sites unwittingly becoming super spreaders. But States must show diligence in actively testing and quarantining individuals in cities with high incidence to significantly control the spread. Half-hearted approaches to implementing the measures mandated by the National Directives for COVID-19 Management, such as those on face cover, physical distancing in public places, shops and establishments, spitting, and gathering in large numbers, can only worsen the crisis, especially with resumption of public transport. Citizens who have accepted severe curtailment of liberties during the lockdown can be persuaded to adopt a healthy public behaviour code using measures that are civil, yet firm.

Even with the easing of the lockdown, the severe economic contraction caused by loss of jobs requires governments to demonstrate as much commitment to mitigating misery as to containing infection. A genuinely universal PDS with adequate supplies of foodgrain, ensuring that no one is left behind, must be provided in all States. Cash supplements should reach all intended beneficiaries. This needs to be underscored, as surveys of workers who lost jobs after the pandemic indicate rising hunger levels and missing financial support. Some sections, such as Dalits, women, and low-skilled workers are even worse off. For the elderly, vulnerable individuals and children below 10, the Centre’s advice is to shelter in place even during the relaxation phase. This is medically sound advice, but cannot be done over a long period in big cities, as they cannot access goods and services at their doorstep, simply because they are classified as non-essential. The course of COVID-19 in the weeks ahead is by no means predictable, and the Centre recognises the possibility of new rural clusters emerging due to large-scale return of migrants. Whether in the cities or the countryside, ‘Unlock 1’ must prioritise some actions: create public awareness that the virus is present, RAMP UP testing, provide health services, and intensively monitor relief measures.

SOME IMPORTANT WORDS FROM THE ARTICLE

1.TRAUMATIC (adj)-deeply disturbing or distressing.

2.UNWITTINGLY (adv)-without being aware; unintentionally.बेइरादा

3.DILIGENCE (n)-careful and persistent work or effort.कर्मठता,तत्परता

4.RESUMPTION (n)-the action of beginning something again after a pause or interruption.पुनरारंभ

5.CONTRACTION (n)-abbreviation,reduction,shortening,compression,lessening,curtailment.संकुचन

6.MISERY (n)-a cause or source of great distress or discomfort.विपत्ति

7.UNDERSCORE (v)-to emphasize the importance something.

8.WORSE OFF (adj)-in a less advantageous position; less fortunate or prosperous.बदतर

9.CLUSTER (n)-a group of similar things or people positioned or occurring closely together.समूहों

10.RAMP UP (phrasel verb)-to increase in activity or in the level of something.

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