Reading comprehension ,Cloze test for bank exams;new pattern RC,cloze test for SBI PO 2020
Reading comprehension, Cloze test for bank exams,new pattern RC,cloze test for SBI PO 2020/IBPS PO 2020
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💢The Hindu Editorial Reading Comprehension, Cloze test, error detection, vocab Of The Day
Over two months into the national lockdown, India’s workforce, ostensibly blessed to be part of its much-vaunted demographic dividend, is in complete __A__. There is the visibly disturbing narrative of a few million workers trying to get back home from their respective urban lives as resources run out and lack of adequate living space hits hard in the face of a virus that requires physical distancing. They used their feet, often facing police __B__, till the administration allowed trains and buses to move again. While __C__ of informal sector workers are moving away from their adopted base, the remaining 10% of the workforce that is formally employed with social security benefits are beset by pink slips, furloughs, or salary cuts. The trend, driven by the slump in economic activity, cuts across sectors. Restrictions have eased slightly, but a return to normalcy has proved challenging even for the firms that are allowed to operate, largely due to __D__ manpower. Industry representatives have pleaded with the Labour Ministry to __E__ workers to return to their workplaces on being summoned, and if that does not prove effective, make them liable for action under relevant industrial labour legislation. Relaxations have also been sought in statutory wage payments for April and May when little work happened.
Several States offered a temporary fix — stretching permissible working hours from eight to 12, so that productivity can improve even with less-than-optimal staff strength. X**While Rajasthan withdrew such an order, (a) /Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and some others have used the (b) /occasion to embark of a purge of labour laws, citing(c) / the need to spur investor confidence and revive job creation(d). Labour unions have protested this wholesale scrapping that would leave employees vulnerable in many aspects. Being a concurrent subject in the Constitution, States, however, need the Centre’s nod to effect these changes and, for now, Labour Minister Santosh Kumar Gangwar appears disinclined to agree. Y** Official instructions to keep paying employees amidst (a)/ the lockdown have not worked evenly, while tweaks(b)/ such as lowering the EPF contribution rate do not amount(c)/ for much relief for firms or their staff(d). While the nature of work is changing and greater spending is needed on hygiene, the immediate challenge is to inspire employee confidence. Most migrant workers are running scared of the pandemic. Getting them home safely is a first step and giving them an emergency income support till the worst of the pandemic subsides is the next. But for them to return to work enthusiastically over time, it is equally critical to reorient India’s current approach to urban and industrial housing, workplace social security and minimum wage standards. The Centre must begin a dialogue with States on this front. Ineffective paper laws such as the Inter-State Migrant Workmen Act of 1979 can be reviewed thereafter.
Direction (1-5) –In the given passage, some words have been omitted. Choose the words that make the passage meaningful.
Q1. Select the word that can be filled in the blank A to make the passage meaningful.
Q2. Select the word that can be filled in the blank B to make the passage meaningful.
Q.3 Select the word that can be filled in the blank C to make the passage meaningful.
Q4. Select the word that can be filled in the blank D to make the passage meaningful.
Q5. Select the word that can be filled in the blank E to make the passage meaningful.
Q6. According to the passage, which of the following statements are correct?
A.Labour is a subject in the concurrent list
B.Being a Centre subject in the Constitution, States need the Centre’s nod to effect these changes(changes mentioned in the passage).
C.Official instructions to keep paying employees amidst the lockdown have not worked evenly
a)Only A is correct
b)Only B is correct
c)Only C is correct
d)B and C are correct
e)A and C are correct
Q7. According to the passage, Relaxations have also been sought in statutory wage payments for-
A.March and April when little work happened.
B.February and March when little work happened.
C.April and May when little work happened.
a)A and B are correct
b)B and C are correct
c)only C is correct
d)A, B and C are correct
e)A and B are correct
Q8. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase given below.
Q9. Sentence Y of the passage has been divided into four parts. One or two of these parts contain errors . Choose the parts as your answer. Mark ‘no error’ as your answer if there is no error in the sentence.
5) No error
Q10. Sentence X of the passage has been divided into four parts. One or two of these parts contain errors .Choose the parts as your answer. Mark ‘no error’ as your answer if there is no error in the sentence.
5) No error
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