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Vocab,RC,cloze test based on The Hindu editorial 30 May 2020

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Daily The Hindu editorial with RC,cloze test,error detection,vocab 30 May 2020

Go to the editorial passage

 

Direction (1-5) –In the given passage, some words have been omitted. Choose the words that make the passage meaningful.

 

Q1. Select the word that can be filled in the blank A to make the passage meaningful.
a)entailed
b)slacked
c)tense
d)mystified
e)forfeited

Q2. Select the word that can be filled in the blank B to make the passage meaningful.
a)estimate
b)amplify
c)generate
d)venerate
e)conclude

Q.3 Select the word that can be filled in the blank C to make the passage meaningful.

a) curtail

b)entail

c)match

d)showcase

e)regulate

Q4. Select the word that can be filled in the blank D to make the passage meaningful.

a)convenient
b)agitated
c)lenient
d)inopportune
e)opportune

Q5. Select the word that can be filled in the blank E to make the passage meaningful.

a)tarnish
b)tape
c)consulate
d)Promulgate
e)end

Q6. According to the passage, which of the following statements are correct?

A. Border management protocols were last updated in 2014.

B. On May 5 the first clash at Pangong Tso (lake) was reported

C.President Donald Trump’s offered, this week, to mediate between Delhi and Beijing.

a)Only A is correct
b)Only Bis correct
c)Only C is correct
d)B and C are correct
e)A and B are correct

Q7.According to the passage ,what was the first comment, last week, by a then senior State Department official of USA?

A.He accused India of being an aggressor on several fronts and posing a “threat” to its neighbours

B. He accused North Korea of being an aggressor on several fronts and posing a “threat” to its neighbours

C.He accused China of being an aggressor on several fronts and posing a “threat” to its neighbours

a)Only A is correct

b)Only B is correct

c)only C is correct

d)B and C are correct

e)A and C are correct

 

Q8. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase given below.

CONTEMPLATE

a)consider
b)remit
c)augment
d)struggle
e)salvage

Q9. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase given below.

CONFLAGRATION

a)inferno
b)hegemony
c)deprivation
d)hapless
e)provocation

Q10. Sentence X of the passage has been divided into four parts.One or two of these parts contain errors .Choose the parts as your answer.Mark ‘no error’ as your answer if there is no error in the sentence.

1)a

2)b

3)c

4)d

5) No error

SOLUTION

1)Tense, meaning- stressed,fits into the context appropriately as we need a filler which can be used as an adjective and imparts a meaning similar to that of ‘stressed;strained.The sentence means that it’s been nearly a month after the first skirmishes on the LAC between Indian and Chinese soldiers were reported, the situation on the ground still appears to be tense.

Rest of the options can be easily eliminated, provided that you are aware of the meaning of the given options.
Slackened(meaning- less intense) can be easily eliminated as it goes against the context of the sentence.
Entailed (meaning- implied), Forfeited(meaning-to surrender,to give up voluntarily;forego) and mystify(meaning- to confuse) can also be eliminated as they have nothing to do with the context of the sentence.

2)Conclude fits into the context appropriately as we need a filler that imparts a meaning similar to that of ‘conclude.The sentence means that there is enough information to conclude that this is the most serious such standoff India and China have seen in years.

You can easily eliminate rest of the options.
Estimate can be easily eliminated as availability of ‘enough evidence ‘ has been mentioned ,based on which it can be concluded that this is the most serious such standoff India and China have seen in years.Rest of the options can also be easily eliminated as they have nothing to do with the context of the sentence.

Tip – If you find it difficult to eliminate unsuitable options,read the passage 2-3 times,keep in mind that you are here to practise,allowing yourself to make mistakes and then rectifying those mistakes in order to avoid mistakes in the exam.

3)Entail,meaning- to imply or require, fits into the context appropriately as we need a filler that imparts a meaning similar to that of ‘to imply or require’.The sentence means that a full de-escalation will entail soldiers being able to return to their normal LAC patrols.

Rest of the options can be easily eliminated as they don’t fit into the context at all.
Curtail (meaning- to shorten ) ,match ,regulate and showcase don’t make any sense here in the context.

4)Inopportune, meaning-unsuitable for some particular purpose, fits into the context appropriately as we need a filler which can be used as an adjective and imparts a meaning similar to that of ‘unsuitable for some particular purpose’ to show the USA interventions as undesired and unsuitable distractions.

Rest of the options can be easily eliminated, provided that you have read the passage carefully.

Opportune /convenient goes against the context of the sentence.
Lenient distractions doesn’t make any sense.
Agitated has nothing to do with the context.

5)End fits into the context appropriately as the sentence talks about the first priority of government in the current situation and that should be ending the current standoff.
Rest of the options can be easily eliminated.
Tarnish, meaning- to lose its lustre
Tape – to figure out

Consulate- business office
Promulgate- to put into effect as a regulation
The above words render the sentence contextually incorrect.Hence,stand eliminated.

6)Statements B and C are correct.
A is wrong because- Border management protocols were last updated in 2013(not in 2014).

7) c,It is clearly mentioned in the passage –The first comment, last week, by a then senior State Department official, accusing China of being an aggressor on several fronts and posing a “threat” to its neighbours, was followed by President Donald Trump’s offer, this week, to mediate between Delhi and Beijing.

8)CONTEMPLATE– to consider as a possibility

9)CONFLAGRATION– inferno ;firestorm

10) The error is in b part.Replace ‘its’ with ‘their’ to make the sentence grammatically correct.

COMPLETE ARTICLE

Nearly a month after the first skirmishes on the LAC between Indian and Chinese soldiers were reported, the situation on the ground still appears to be tense. While there has been no official explanation of what has happened there since May 5, the day the first clash at Pangong Tso (lake) was reported, there is enough information to conclude that this is the most serious such standoff India and China have seen in years. As reported by The Hindu, sources say that the number of Chinese soldiers, the aggression with which they have dealt with Indian soldiers, as well as the number of points of conflict, indicate strategised action by Chinese commanders. While both governments have been careful to keep the tone of their comments sober, the fact that both sides have repeatedly mentioned that talks are on is also proof of an ongoing situation. A full de-escalation will entail soldiers being able to return to their normal LAC patrols, something military officers say will probably need a high-level political intervention and for the Indian side, an insistence that Chinese soldiers, who appear to have been the aggressors, returning to positions they previously held.

In the midst of these sensitive negotiations, the interventions by the U.S. come as inopportune distractions. The first comment, last week, by a then senior State Department official, accusing China of being an aggressor on several fronts and posing a “threat” to its neighbours, was followed by President Donald Trump’s offer, this week, to mediate between Delhi and Beijing. Neither comment appears to have been made in consultation with India. India has made it clear that it will not accept Mr. Trump’s offer and has denied his claim that he spoke to Prime Minister Modi on the issue. The government’s first priority now must be to end the current standoff, and then for its senior officials to enter serious talks on LAC demarcation. Given all the new infrastructure being built by India, it may also be necessary to negotiate new border management protocols that were last updated in 2013. The government must also investigate how a big build-up of Chinese soldiers was not acted upon earlier. Beyond this, it must make a full assessment of just what China’s final aims are: is the summer CONFLAGRATION meant to deflect attention from Beijing’s current problems over the coronavirus pandemic, to deter India from its infrastructural push for roads and bridges to connect its northern frontiers all the way to the Karakoram pass, or to “remind” New Delhi of its geographical vulnerabilities as it CONTEMPLATES a closer maritime relationship in the Indo-Pacific with the U.S.? In all three scenarios, the first steps for the government would be to publicly clarify the seriousness of the situation at the LAC, and to build consensus around its plans for a firm pushback and an assertion of its position along the disputed line.

SOME IMPORTANT WORDS FROM THE ARTICLE

1.SKIRMISHES (n)-a fight between a small number of soldiers that is usually short and not planned.मुठभेड़ करना,झड़प

2.STANDOFF (n)-a situation in which agreement in an argument does not seem possible.

3.SOBER (n)-Serious and humourless. गंभीर कर देना

4.DE-ESCALATION (n)-reduction of the intensity of a conflict or potentially violent situation.युद्ध की तीव्रता में कमी

5.ENTAIL (v)-involve (something) as a necessary or inevitable part or consequence.आवश्यक होना

6.INSISTENCE (n)-the act of stating or demanding something forcefully.आग्रह,अनुरोध

7.DEMARCATION (n)-the action of fixing the boundary or limits of something.सीमा रेखा

8.CONFLAGRATION (n)-a large and violent event, such as a war.

9.CONTEMPLATES (v)- to consider as a possibility.विचार करना,चिन्तन करना

10.CONSENSUS (n)-a general agreement.आम सहमति

 

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