Daily The Hindu editorial with grammar questions

Daily The Hindu editorial with RC,cloze test,error detection,vocab 21 May 2020

Daily The Hindu editorial with RC,cloze test,error detection,vocab 21 May 2020

Go to the editorial passage
(Direction 1-5)- In the given passage, some words have been omitted. Choose the words that make the passage meaningful.

 

Q.1 Select the word that can be filled in the blank A to make the passage meaningful.

a) perpetuate
b) stopgap
c) permanent
d) replacement
e) terminated

Q.2 Select the word that can be filled in the blank B to make the passage meaningful.

a) concrete
b) parity
c) veneer
d) semblance
e) disparity

Q.3 Select the word that can be filled in the blank C to make the passage meaningful.

a) imbalance
b) symmetry
c) equipoise
d) counterpoise
e) unevenness

Q.4 Select the word that can be filled in the blank D to make the passage meaningful.

a) concealed
b) distorted
c) misrepresented
d) culled
e) suppressed

Q.5 Select the word that can be filled in the blank E to make the passage meaningful.

a) catering
b) catered
c) caters
d) cater
e) none

Q.6 According to the passage, which of the following statements are correct?

(a) While the Finance Minister’s announcement on increase in health allocations as part of the ₹20-lakh crore relief package is welcome, more than money is required to set this right.

(b) While health-care services themselves have been on the backfoot for non-COVID-19 conditions, except in emergencies, access too, for the bulk of the population, has been hampered by the availability of public transportation.

(c) The usually robust private health system, which caters to various segments of the population, also took a back seat, or played a supportive role.

a) Only A is correct
b) Only B is correct
c) Only C is correct
d) Both A and C are correct
e) Both A and B are correct

Q.7 According to the passage,
A As conditional movement has been allowed, people travelling across States bring positive cases to States or districts that have remained case-free for a while now.

B As unconditional movement has been allowed, people travelling across States bring positive cases to States or districts that have remained case-free for a while now.

C As unconditional movement has been allowed, people travelling across Countries bring positive cases to States or districts that have remained case-free for a while now.

a) Only A is correct
b) Only B is correct
c) Only C is correct
d) Both B and C are correct
e) Both A and B are correct

Q.8. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase given below.

buttress

a) support
b) anchors
c) undermine
d) weaken
e) pillars

Q.9. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase given below.

allocation

a) allotment
b) dispense
c) divide
d) exempt
e) distribute

Q.10. Sentence X of the passage has been divided into four parts. The first sentence of the second part of the passage One or two of these parts contain an error. Choose the part as an answer. Mark ‘no error’ as your answer if there is no error in the sentence.

1) a
2) b
3) c
4) d
5) No error

SOLUTION

1)Stopgap,meaning – ‘a temporary way of dealing with a problem or satisfying a need’ is the most appropriate choice for the question as the sentence talks about a necessary but temporary arrangement. Replacement can also be a choice but putting
replacement before arrangement will make the sentence grammatically incorrect.
Other options can be eliminated based on their out of context meaning-
perpetuate meaning- ‘make (something) continue indefinitely’
permanent meaning- ‘lasting or intended to last or remain indefinitely’
terminated meaning- ‘bring to an end’.

2)Semblance,meaning ‘likeness,similarity’ is the most appropriate choice for the sentence as the sentence talks about partial lifting of lockdown as a mere appearance of normalcy(normalcy not in real sense).Other options can be easily eliminated based on their out of context meanings.
a) Concrete- tangible,perceivable
c) Veneer- A part of somebody’s behaviour or of a situation which hides what it is really like underneath.
e) Disparity(Antonym -parity)- A difference, especially one that is caused by unfair treatment.

3)Equipoise ,meaning-‘balance of forces or interests’ is the perfect choice for the sentence.
Counterpoise could have been an answer too but there is an article ‘an’ before the blank.Counterpoise, symmetry can’t be used because they start with a consonant sound. Whereas, imbalance and
unevenness goes against the context of the sentence.Hence,they can be easily discarded.

4)Culled,meaning – ‘selected from a large quantity; obtain from a variety of sources’ is the correct replacement of the blank as the sentence talks about recent data. Whereas other options can be easily eliminated due to their out of context meanings-
conceal meaning -‘hold back or keep from being perceived by others’
distorted meaning -‘having an intented meaning or altered’
misrepresent meaning – ‘represent falsely’
suppress meaning -‘control or refrain from showing’

5)Caters,meaning – ‘provide with what is needed and required’ is the correct answer as we need V5 of a verb that fits into the context.

6) d) Both A and C are correct
Only B is wrong because it is non-availability of public transportation.

7) a) Only A is correct as it is clearly mentioned in the passage- ‘As conditional movement has been allowed, people travelling across States bring positive cases to States or districts that have remained case-free for a while now’.

8) a) Buttress meaning – ‘a structure that holds up or serves as a foundation for something else’; support. Anchors and Pillars can also replace buttress but they are in the plural form and here buttress is in the singular form. So support is an appropriate replacement.

9) a) allocations meaning- ‘an amount of a resource assigned to a particular recipient’; allotments.

10. Option (c) has an error. Replace preposition ‘for’ with ‘in’ to make it grammatically correct.It should be ‘in suspended animation’ not ‘for suspended animation’.

 

COMPLETE ARTICLE

Mathematically, the whole is equal to the sum of its parts, neither more nor less. But the COVID-19 pandemic has taken the parts and overwhelmed the whole. The lockdown, as it was conceived originally, was meant to be, at best, a stopgap arrangement that would help nations tide over the crisis caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. But as the days rolled on, and the lockdown moved on from phase to phase, it has caused a paralysis in general health care. As sparse health care resources in most parts of the country have been channelled towards the COVID-19 effort, the numbers have risen, but normal health care services have been in suspended animation for just under two months now. Staff running several national health programmes, and State health missions, besides health care workers from tertiary hospitals down to the primary health centres, have been diverted to buttress public health efforts in the COVID-19 battle. And the epidemic still rages on, with thousands of people testing positive every day and the number of cases coursing past the 1 lakh mark. Lockdowns have been partially lifted in some areas and in others, a mere semblance of normalcy has returned. As conditional movement has been allowed, people travelling across States bring positive cases to States or districts that have remained case-free for a while now.

But the time has now come for the country to attempt an equipoise of sorts, balance the different requirements of health care, along with efforts to continue to fight COVID-19. While health-care services themselves have been on the backfoot for non-COVID-19 conditions, except in emergencies, access too, for the bulk of the population, has been hampered by the non-availability of public transportation. Recent data culled from the National Health Mission pointed to less than normal coverage in key areas such as immunisation, institutional deliveries; further, delay, or failure, in delivering life-saving drugs to persons with HIV, tuberculosis, or inability to offer support for other chronic conditions have been documented. The usually robust private health system, which caters to various segments of the population, also took a back seat, or played a supportive role. While the Finance Minister’s announcement on increase in health allocations as part of the ₹20-lakh crore relief package is welcome, more than money is required to set this right. If life after COVID-19 is not to be worse than life before the pandemic, the governments need to ensure that the country’s multi-layered health system is not sacrificed at the altar of one virus; they need to give it their whole attention, now.

 

SOME IMPORTANT WORDS FROM THE ARTICLE

1.STOPGAP (n)-a person or thing that provides a temporary solution.

2.TIDE OVER (phrasal verb)-to support or enable to survive temporarily.

3.SPARSE (adj)-small in numbers or amount, often spread over a large area.अपर्याप्त

4.BUTTRESS (v)-to support or sustain.पुष्ट करना

5.EQUIPOISE (n)-a situation in which things are perfectly balanced.

6.HAMPERED (v)-hinder or impede the movement or progress of.बाधा डालना

7.CULLED (v)-collect,gather,assemble,compile,accumulate,etc.

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