Daily The Hindu editorial with grammar questions

Daily The Hindu editorial with cloze test,RC,vocab,error detection 15 May 2020;Reading comprehension from The Hindu

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Reading comprehension from The Hindu;RC from The Hindu

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💢The Hindu Editorial Reading Comprehension,Cloze test,error detection,vocab Of The Day 

Lockdown syndrome: On virus-induced economic crisis


Official data capturing the economic impact of the nationwide lockdown are starting to __A__ in slowly. The country’s industrial output, as measured by the Index of Industrial Production (IIP), contracted by 16.7% in March, according to statistics released by the government on Tuesday. This is in contrast to a growth rate of 2.7% witnessed during the same month last year. The sharp fall can largely be explained by the nationwide lockdown that was imposed by the Centre in the last week of the month. The manufacturing sector, which witnessed a contraction of about 20%, was the worst hit among the key sectors, perhaps due to disruptions in the labour market caused by the lockdown. In terms of end-goods, capital goods and consumer durables witnessed a roughly one-third contraction in size as the sale of non-essential goods was __B__ by the unexpected lockdown. Analysts say that industrial output is likely to fall even further in April when the economy was in complete shutdown. In fact, some estimates suggest that the economy’s overall output in the first quarter of FY21 could be cut by one-fourth and growth for the whole financial year could well turn out to be negative. X**So, March gloomy industrial production figures(a) / are likely to be soon forgotten as (b) /a flood of bleak economic data (c) /hits the country further DOWN THE ROAD(d). That said, it should be noted that FY20 IIP growth was set to post a weak show even before the lockdown was imposed in late-March.
 
 The COVID-19 crisis being a temporary external shock, much like demonetisation in 2016 but much larger in scale, can theoretically __C__ to a quick bounce-back in economic activity once the lockdown is lifted. But the actual pace of the recovery in industrial production and even the wider economy will depend on the policy environment created by the government after the crisis. The economic rescue measures announced by the Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman on Wednesday, such as more loans to small and medium scale enterprises and looser credit standards, can help the recovery by allowing businesses to find their feet soon. Obviously, the key will lie in the __D__ of these measures. Previous attempts by the Reserve Bank of India and the government to flush the system with liquidity, after all, have failed to improve credit flow to businesses. The government must also ensure that bureaucratic red tape does not kill any nascent recovery at a time when businesses, whose balance sheets have been hit hard by the crisis, need the freedom to adjust to a new economic reality. The government’s emphasis on self-reliance as its new economic agenda, however, does not __E__ well for such hopes.
 
Direction (1-5) –In the given passage, some words have been omitted. Choose the words that make the passage meaningful.

 

Q1. Select the word that can be filled in the blank A to make the passage meaningful.
a)take
b)convulse
c)jeopardize 
d)stand 
e)pour 

Q2. Select the word that can be filled in the blank B to make the passage meaningful.
a)hyped 
b)obliterated
c)opened
d)aggrandized
e)regulated

Q3. Select the word that can be filled in the blank C to make the passage meaningful.
a)return
b)coerce
c)halt
d)agree
e)lead


Q4. Select the word that can be filled in the blank D to make the passage meaningful.
a)target
b)agility 
c)vividity
d)implementation 
e)affect 
Q5. Select the word that can be filled in the blank E to make the passage meaningful.
a)take
b)relieve 
c)give
d)scourge
e)bode 


Q6. According to the passage, which of the following statements are correct?

 

A.The country’s industrial output, as measured by the Index of Industrial Production (IIP), contracted by 16.7% in March, according to statistics released by the government on Tuesday. 

B. 
The contraction of 16.7%  in March this year is in line with a growth rate witnessed during the same month last year.

C. 
The country’s industrial output, as measured by the Index of Industrial Production (IIP), contracted by 16.6% in February, according to statistics released by the government on Tuesday. 

a)Only A is correct 

b)Only B is correct 
c)Only C is correct
d)B and C are correct 
e)A and B are correct 



Q7. According to the passage, the actual pace of the recovery in industrial production and even the wider economy will depend on –



A.pace of growth after the lockdown is lifted


B.the policy environment created by the government after the crisis. 

C.labour laws formulated after the lockdown is lifted 

a)Only A is correct 
b)Only B is correct 
c)only C is correct 
d)B and C are correct 
e)A and C are correct


Q8. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase given below.


DOWN THE ROAD

a)insubstantive 
b)in blue
c)fall
d)later on 
e)decelerate 

 

Q9. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase  given below.


DISRUPTION 

a)topple
b)breach
c)unusual 
d)ratification 
e)conduction 



Q10. Sentence X of the passage has been divided into four parts.One or two of these parts contain errors .Choose the parts as your answer.Mark ‘no error’ as your answer if there is no error in the sentence.

 

1)a
2)b
3)c
4)d
5) No error



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