Daily The Hindu editorial with grammar questions

Daily editorial reading comprehension for bank po/clerk 2020;Reading comprehension for bank po 2020

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Reading comprehension for bank po 2020;New pattern Reading comprehension for bank po 2020

Go to the editorial passage

 

Direction (1-5) –In the given passage, some words have been omitted. Choose the words that make the passage meaningful.

Q1. Select the word that can be filled in the blank A to make the passage meaningful.
a)horrified 
b)angry
c)melancholy 
d)stranded
e)compelling 

Q2. Select the word that can be filled in the blank B to make the passage meaningful.

a)dying
b)shooting
c)going 
d)outraging 
e)appealing 

Q3. Select the word that can be filled in the blank C to make the passage meaningful.
a)expatriate 
b)advanced
c)stringent
d)explicit 
e)implicated

Q4. Select the word that can be filled in the blank D to make the passage meaningful.
a)draw
b)defer
c)ratify 
d)challenge
e)return


Q5. Select the word that can be filled in the blank E to make the passage meaningful.

a)procedure
b)norms 
c)mistake
d)trauma
e)gratification


Q6. According to  the passage,which of the following statements are true?


A. The stranded does not include business travellers.


B. due to the pandemic, the last flights allowed to land with incoming passengers were on April 22.


C. The efforts required by unsung diplomats and officials have been made all the more difficult by India’s stringent lockdown and the government’s decision not to allow its own nationals to return.


a)Only A is correct 

b)Only C is correct 
c)A and C are correct 
d)A and B are correct 
e)All the statements are correct 

Q7. Who,according to  the passage, will be allowed to return in the first phase?


A. people whose visas are expiring


B. People with medical issues including pregnancy

C.Students who have lost their accommodation

a)Only A is correct 
b)Only B is correct 
c)A and B are correct 
d)B and C are correct 
e)all the three statements are correct 

 

Q8. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase given below.


DEPORTATION 

a)Eviction 
b)conduct
c)sordid 
d)squalid
e)grasping 

 

Q9. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase  given below.


MAMMOTH

a)colossal
b)minute
c)vantage
d)nudge
e)shady

 

Q10. Sentence X of the passage has been divided into four parts.One or two of these parts contain errors .Choose the parts as your answer.Mark ‘no error’ as your answer if there is no error in the sentence.

1)ab 2)bd  3)bc 4)ad  5) No error

 

 

SOLUTION

 

1)Stranded(adj),which means ‘abandoned, marooned’,fits into the context appropriately.
Rest of the options can be easily eliminated, provided that you have comprehended the passage and are aware of the meaning of the given options.
Horrified – terrified
Melancholy – sad 
Compelling- forceful
Now that you are aware of the meaning of the given options,you can easily eliminate them based on their out of context meanings 
Hence,stranded is the most apt word  that fits into the context appropriately.


2) Appealing,which means ‘invoking;to call on for aid’,fits into the context appropriately.

You can easily eliminate the rest of the options, provided that, you have read the passage carefully and are aware of the meaning of the given options.
Dying ,shooting and going can be easily eliminated as they have nothing to do with the context.
Outraging, which means ‘violating, attacking’ can also be easily eliminated as it doesn’t fit into the context.
Hence, appealing is the most apt word  that fits into the context appropriately.
Tip – If you find it difficult to eliminate unsuitable options,read the passage 2-3 times,keep in mind that you are here to practise,allowing yourself to make mistakes and then rectifying those mistakes in order to avoid mistakes in the exam.

3) Stringent,which means ‘strict’, fits into the context appropriately.If you have read the first paragraph of the passage carefully and are aware of the meaning of the given options,you will figure out that rest of the options either don’t fit into the context or go against the context.

4)Return fits into the context appropriately.Rest of the options can be easily eliminated if you  are aware of the meaning of the given options. Rest of the options render the sentence contextually incorrect.
Let’s take a look at their meanings- 
Defer – to delay or postpone 
Ratify – to give formal consent to
Hence, return is the most apt word  that fits into the context appropriately.

5) Trauma(n),which means ‘an event causing great distress’,fits into the context appropriately.

Go with elimination method, you can easily eliminate rest of the options, provided that you have comprehended the passage and are aware of the meaning of the given options.
Procedure,norms and mistake can be easily eliminated as they have nothing to do with the context.
Gratification also can be easily eliminated if you know the meaning.
Gratification- satisfaction  

Hence,trauma is the most apt word that makes the sentence contextually and grammatically correct. 
6) Only statement C is correct.
 A is wrong because – The stranded include business travellers.
B is wrong because-  due to the pandemic, the last flights allowed to land with incoming passengers were on March 22.


7) All the statements are correct. 

It’s clearly mentioned in the passage According to the Standard Operating Procedures released by the Home Ministry, only those who have “compelling reasons to return” — people whose visas are expiring, who face deportation, with family emergencies, medical issues including pregnancy, and students who have lost their accommodation — will be allowed to return in the first phase, which is open to only Indian nationals at present’.

8)DEPORTATION– the act of deporting or exiling, eviction 

9)MAMMOTH-huge,gigantic,colossal 

10) The errors are in a and d parts.
Replace ‘returns’ with ‘returnees’ in the a partand ‘carried out’ with ‘will carry out’ in the d part to make the sentence grammatically  correct.
Returnee- someone who returns



COMPLETE ARTICLE 

After nearly two months, stranded Indians across the world will begin their journey home this week as aircraft and naval ships, in a government-coordinated plan, are to bring back about 15,000 nationals from 13 countries in the first week. The mammoth exercise, dubbed the “Vande Bharat” mission by the External Affairs Ministry, is expected to last for weeks, given the numbers of people who have registered with embassies in these countries. The stranded include business travellers and tourists who were unable to return in time; due to the pandemic, the last flights allowed to land with incoming passengers were on March 22. There are also students whose university hostels have shut down. Increasingly, those appealing to be allowed to return have included professionals and labourers who have lost jobs due to the economic impact of global lockdowns. With estimates of applicants ranging between 5,00,000 to 10,00,000, embassies and missions will have their task cut out prioritising lists of those who will return. According to the Standard Operating Procedures released by the Home Ministry, only those who have “compelling reasons to return” — people whose visas are expiring, who face deportation, with family emergencies, medical issues including pregnancy, and students who have lost their accommodation — will be allowed to return in the first phase, which is open to only Indian nationals at present. In addition, the government has also laid down stringent conditions which include “mandatory institutional quarantine” for 14 days. All those returning will also bear the costs for travel arrangements and accommodation.
 Despite these, the returnees will no doubt be grateful to the government for its efforts, Indian diplomats who have helped keep them informed, organised food and shelter, and also to airline and naval crews who will carry out these operations despite the risks of infection. The efforts required by unsung diplomats and officials have been made all the more difficult by India’s stringent lockdown and the government’s decision not to allow its own nationals to return, even as about 60,000 foreign nationals were flown out during this period. As the government plans its exit from the lockdown, as well as its repatriation manoeuvres, it is necessary to consider putting in better systems so that it does not have to repeat the trauma of keeping Indian citizens stranded outside the country for extended periods away from their families. It is necessary that quarantine facilities are identified or makeshift centres built to deal with the large numbers of people who may need to return. In particular, the government needs to prepare for both a possible second wave of the novel coronavirus as well as a rapid increase in Indian expatriates needing to return given the drop in oil prices in West Asia and the downturn in global economies.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS FROM THE ARTICLE
 1.STRANDED (adj)-unable to leave somewhere because of a problem such as not having any transport or money.फँसा हुआ
 2.MAMMOTH (adj)-huge or enormous.विशाल,बहुत बड़ा
 3.DUBBED (v)-give an unofficial name or nickname to.करार दिया
 4.DEPORTATION (n)-the act of expelling someone from a country.निर्वासन
 5.REPATRIATION (n)-the return of someone to their own country.स्वदेश लौटना
 6.MANOEUVRES (n)-a movement or series of moves requiring skill and care.स्थिति-परिवर्तन-कौशल
 7.TRAUMA (n)-a deeply distressing or disturbing experience.आघात
 8.EXPATRIATE (n)-a person who lives outside their native country.

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