Daily The Hindu editorial with grammar questions

Daily The Hindu editorial RC,cloze test 5 May 2020(with soln);New pattern cloze test for SBI PO 2020

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New pattern RC,cloze test for SBI PO 2020

Daily The Hindu editorial RC,cloze test 5 May 2020(with soln);New pattern cloze test for SBI PO 2020
Go to the editorial passage

 

Direction (1-5) –In the given passage, some words have been omitted. Choose the words that make the passage meaningful.

Q1. Select the word that can be filled in the blank A to make the passage meaningful.
a)hog 
b)harrage 
c)hang
d)harass
e)erupt

Q2. Select the word that can be filled in the blank B to make the passage meaningful.

a)problem
b)danger
c)exigency 
d)existence 
e)insistence 

Q3. Select the word that can be filled in the blank C to make the passage meaningful.
a)committed 
b)flourished
c)sidelined
d)designated 
e)succeeded

Q4. Select the word that can be filled in the blank D to make the passage meaningful.
a)tired
b)inclined
c)annoyed
d)problematic 
e)wary


Q5. Select the word that can be filled in the blank E to make the passage meaningful.

a)vigilant
b)guarded
c)relentless
d)bound
e)fraudulent 


Q6. According to  the passage, which of the following statements are true?


A.The Centre’s April 24 notification brought the Cauvery Water Management Authority under the administrative control of the Union Ministry of Jal Shakti, which was created a year ago by combining three Ministries. 


B. Along with the CWMA, three other bodies, including the Krishna and the Godavari Water Management Boards — which have been in existence since 2014 following the re-organisation of Andhra Pradesh — were designated to be under the Ministry.


C. Along with the CWMA, four other bodies, including the Krishna and the Godavari Water Management Boards — which have been in existence since 2014 following the re-organisation of Andhra Pradesh — were designated to be under the Ministry.


a)Only A is correct 

b)Only B is correct 
c)Only C is correct 
d)A and B are correct 
e)A and C are correct 

 

Q7. Why,according to  the passage, some farmers’ associations were upset with the notification?


A. on the ground that the move has reduced the government to a “puppet” of the Centre.

 
B. on the ground that the move has reduced the Tamil Nadu government to a “puppet” of the Centre.

C. on the ground that the move has reduced CWMA to a “puppet” of the Centre.

a)Only B is correct 
b)Only C is correct 
c)A and C are correct 
d)B and C are correct 
e)all the three statements are correct 

 

Q8. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase given below.


 SET IN

a)take root
b)put further
c)increase 
d)pose
e)cause

 

Q9. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase  given below.


FULL-FLEDGED 

a)full-blown
b)flourished
c)developed 
d)nudged 
e)caused

Q10. Sentence Y of the passage has been divided into four parts.One or two of these parts contain errors .Choose the parts as your answer.Mark ‘no error’ as your answer if there is no error in the sentence.

 

1)ab

2)bd

3)bc

4)ac

5) No error

 

SOLUTION

1)erupt(v),which means ‘to break out’,fits into the context appropriately.
Rest of the options can be easily eliminated, provided that you are aware of the meaning of the given options.
Hog – to greedily take more than one’s share
Harrage – to harass
Hang and haraage/harass can be easily eliminated as they have nothing to do with the context.
Hog can also be eliminated based on its out of context meaning.
Hence,erupt is the most apt word  that fits into the context appropriately.


2) Existence fits into the context appropriately. 

Rest of the options can be easily eliminated, provided that you have read the passage carefully and are aware of the meaning of the given options.
Let’s take a look at their meanings-
Exigency-an urgent situation 
Insistence -the state of being insistent, an urgent demand
Danger/problem can be easily eliminated as they don’t fit into the context at all.
Exigency and insistence after filling the blank ,render sentence contextually incorrect.
Hence, existence is the most apt word  that fits into the context appropriately.
Tip – If you find it difficult to eliminate unsuitable options,read the passage 2-3 times,keep in mind that you are here to practise,allowing yourself to make mistakes and then rectifying those mistakes in order to avoid mistakes in the exam.

 

3) Designated fits into the context appropriately.If you have read the first paragraph of the passage carefully and are aware of the meaning of the given options,you will figure out that rest of the options either don’t fit into the context or go against the context.

 

4)Wary,which means ‘cautious of danger’,fits into the context appropriately.Rest of the options can be easily eliminated based on their out of context meanings.



5) Relentless(adj),which means ‘steady and persistent’,fits into the context appropriately.

Go with elimination method, you can easily eliminate rest of the options, provided that you have comprehended the passage and are aware of the meaning of the given options.
Let’s take a look at their meanings-
Vigilant – watchful

Bound(v) – to surround a territory 
Fraudulent – dishonest 
Hence,relentless is the most apt word that makes the sentence contextually and grammatically correct. 

 

 

6) c, only statement C is correct
Statement A is wrong because-Union Ministry of Jal shakti was created by combining two ministries. 
Statement B is wrong because- along with the CWMA, four other bodies were designated to be under the Ministry. 


7) c,It’s clearly mentioned in the passage ‘Several political parties, especially the Opposition, and some farmers’ associations were upset with the notification on the ground that the move has reduced the Authority to a “puppet” of the Centre.Here ‘Authority’ refers to the CWMA.

8)SET IN – to take root,become established

9)FULL-FLEDGED – full-blown,fully developed (not partially)

 

10) The errors are in b and c parts.
Replace ‘alters’ with ‘alter’ in the b part and drew up with drawn up in the c part to make the sentence grammatically  correct.

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COMPLETE ARTICLE 

 

The Cauvery is a perennial source of controversies. The latest political row to erupt in Tamil Nadu is around the Centre’s April 24 notification bringing the Cauvery Water Management Authority under the administrative control of the Union Ministry of Jal Shakti, which was created a year ago by combining two Ministries. Several political parties, especially the Opposition, and some farmers’ associations were upset with the notification on the ground that the move has reduced the Authority to a “puppet” of the Centre. They point out that the CWMA was created on the direction of the Supreme Court in February 2018. It is also argued that between June 2018-May 2019, when the Union Ministry of Water Resources was in existence, there was no public notification on the CWMA being designated as an organisation under the Ministry. Such an argument is weak, as the CWMA, a body corporate, has been working all along under the Ministry. Even in the case of its predecessor, the Cauvery River Authority (1998-2013) with the Prime Minister as the Chairman and Chief Ministers of the basin States as Members, the Union Ministry of Water Resources had administrative control. In fact, the CWMA has had only a part-time head, the chairman of the Central Water Commission (CWC), attached to the Ministry. Besides, there are eight inter-State river water boards under the Jal Shakti Ministry. Along with the CWMA, four other bodies, including the Krishna and the Godavari Water Management Boards — which have been in existence since 2014 following the re-organisation of Andhra Pradesh — were designated to be under the Ministry. The formalisation of the CWMA’s status corrects an apparent lapse on the Ministry’s part and addresses administrative issues.

 Apart from meeting the procedural requirement, the notification does not, in any way, alter the character, functions or powers of the CWMA that form part of a scheme drawn up a few years ago, and which was approved by the Supreme Court. If there is anything the Centre can be blamed for, it is the way the CWMA functions. Even two years after its formation, the Authority does not have a full-fledged chairman. The Centre would do well to act, at least now, in making the CWMA fully operational, when the southwest monsoon is about to set in. Successive governments at the Centre have been wary of acting decisively, other than under the orders of the Supreme Court for fear of alienating voters in one of the States involved. The latest episode should convince political parties that relentless politicisation of each and every matter concerning water resources does not benefit the stakeholders. The parties should realise that electoral gains or losses are not always linked to their stand on any one issue, even if it is the Cauvery, the lifeline of Tamil Nadu’s rice bowl.

SOME IMPORTANT WORDS FROM THE ARTICLE 

 1.RUDDERLESS (adj)-lacking a clear sense of one’s aims or principles.सिद्धांतविहीन

 2.PERENNIAL (adj)-lasting throughout the year or through many years.नित्य

 3.DRAW UP (phrasal verb)-to prepare something, usually something official, in writing.

 4.FULL-FLEDGED (adj)-experienced,qualified,proficient,sensible,etc

 5.WARY (adj)-feeling or showing caution about possible dangers or problems.सावधान

 6.RELENTLESS (adj)-continuing in a severe or extreme way.

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