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Daily The Hindu editorial with RC,cloze test,vocab,grammar questions 25 May 2020

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Daily The Hindu editorial with RC,cloze test,error detection,vocab 25 May 2020

Go to the editorial passage

 

 

Direction (1-5) –In the given passage, some words have been omitted. Choose the words that make the passage meaningful.

Q1. Select the word that can be filled in the blank A to make the passage meaningful.
a)convulsing
b)regretting
c)jeopardizing
d)segregating
e)balancing

Q2. Select the word that can be filled in the blank B to make the passage meaningful.
a)regulate
b)obliterate
c)languish
d)normalize
e)regret

Q3. Select the word that can be filled in the blank C to make the passage meaningful.
a)returned
b)coerced
c)halted
d)relied
e)managed

Q4. Select the word that can be filled in the blank D to make the passage meaningful.
a)demeaning
b)representative
c)curative
d)palliative
e)affected

Q5. Select the word that can be filled in the blank E to make the passage meaningful.

a)superficial
b)undesirable
c)plaintiff
d)underlying
e)emboldening

Q6. According to the passage, which of the following statements are correct?

A.The Rajiv Gandhi Kisan Nyay Yojana has been launched by Chhattisgarh.

B. Centre’s PM-KISAN scheme provides ₹6,000 to farm families owning less than four acres of land

C. Centre’s PM-KISAN aims to supplement the income of the State’s 18 lakh rice, maize and sugarcane farmers by ₹10,000 to ₹13,000 per acre, through direct cash transfers.

a)Only A is correct
b)Only B is correct
c)Only C is correct
d)B and C are correct
e)A and B are correct

Q7. According to the passage,what are the pre-existing morbidities in the agriculture sector ?

A.loopholes in PM’s KISAN scheme

B. messy land records, unscientific and unsustainable crop patterns, market linkages

C.income support schemes targeting land owners, and bypass tenants and labourers

a)Only A is correct
b)Only B is correct
c)only C is correct
d)B and C are correct
e)A and C are correct

Q8. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase given below.

MESSY

a)insubstantive
b)chaotic
c)fall
d)later on
e)decelerate

Q9. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase given below.

LANGUISH

a)topple
b)breach
c)weaken
d)ratifiy
e)conduct

Q10. Sentence X of the passage has been divided into four parts.One or two of these parts contain errors .Choose the parts as your answer.Mark ‘no error’ as your answer if there is no error in the sentence.

1)a

2)b

3)c

4)d

5) No error

SOLUTION

1)Balancing fits into the context appropriately.
The sentence talks about balancing the interests of the consumer and the farmer with the help of an extensive Minimum Support Price (MSP) which works in combination with the PDS.
Rest of the options can be easily eliminated, provided that you are aware of the meaning of the given options.
Jeopardizing(meaning- threatening)and Convulsing (meaning-violently agitating) can be easily eliminated as they go against the context.
Regretting and segregating (meaning- isolating) can also be easily eliminated as they have nothing to do with the context.

2) Languish, meaning-to live in a miserable condition,fits into the context appropriately.
We need a filler which can be used as a verb and can show the miserable condition of the farmer.Languish serves this purpose better.
You can easily eliminate rest of the options, provided that, you have read the passage carefully and are aware of the meaning of the given options.
Obliterate(meaning- to remove completely),regulate,normalize(meaning-to make normal) and regret have nothing to do with the context.Hence,stand eliminated.
Tip – If you find it difficult to eliminate unsuitable options,read the passage 2-3 times,keep in mind that you are here to practise,allowing yourself to make mistakes and then rectifying those mistakes in order to avoid mistakes in the exam.

3)Managed fits into the context appropriately.If you have read the sentence carefully, you can easily figure out that tenants of Chhattisgarh managing better rates from owners last year after the government gave incentives over and above MSPs to farmers, is being talked about in the sentence.
Go with elimination method.Rest of the options can be easily eliminated based on their out of context meanings.
Corece – to force,to compel
Halt – obstruct
Rely – to depend
Hence,managed is the most apt word that fits into the context appropriately.

4)Palliative,meaning- serving to mitigate ,fits into the context appropriately.The sentence means that these interventions are paliative but cannot address the underlying problem.
Rest of the options can be easily eliminated.
Demeaning(meaning- degrading) goes against the context as the sentence clearly says that these interventions are palliative.
Curative also goes against the context as the sentence clearly indicates that these interventions are only palliative and can’t address the underlying problem.
Affected and representative have nothing to do with the context.

5)Underlying,meaning-‘lying underneath’,fits into the context appropriately.
Refer to the explanation of 4th.

6) Only statement A is correct.
B is wrong because- Centre’s PM-KISAN scheme provides ₹6,000 to farm families owning less than five acres of land.
C is wrong because– It’s the Rajiv Gandhi Kisan Nyay Yojana that aims to supplement the income of the State’s 18 lakh rice, maize and sugarcane farmers by ₹10,000 to ₹13,000 per acre, through direct cash transfers.

7) b
It is clearly mentioned in the passage – “The list of pre-existing morbidities in the agriculture sector is also long, including messy land records, unscientific and unsustainable crop patterns, market linkages that make the farmers vulnerable to exploitation by officials and middlemen, inadequate irrigation, adoption of technology, conflict with wildlife, and changing weather and climate patterns”.

8)MESSY– Chaotic, disorderly

9)LANGUISH– to lose strength and become weak;to weaken

10) The error is in d part.
Replace ‘appears’ with ‘appear’ to make the sentence grammatically correct.
Agriculture related components is plural hence ,will take plural form of verb.

COMPLETE ARTICLE

The Rajiv Gandhi Kisan Nyay Yojana launched by Chhattisgarh last week aims to supplement the income of the State’s 18 lakh rice, maize and sugarcane farmers by ₹10,000 to ₹13,000 per acre, through direct cash transfers. Besides the Centre’s PM-KISAN scheme that provides ₹6,000 to farm families owning less than five acres of land, Telangana, Odisha and Andhra Pradesh have similar cash transfer programmes for farmers. For balancing the interests of the consumer and the farmer, India has an extensive Minimum Support Price (MSP) regime which works in combination with the PDS. But the efficiency of neither MSP procurements nor the PDS is uniform across the country. The Centre says it fixes MSPs at 1.5 times the cost of production for farmers, but this calculation is not free of controversy. Last year, several States including Chhattisgarh and BJP-ruled U.P. and Haryana questioned the Centre’s MSP calculations. Though food is a universal necessity, those who produce it languish at the bottom of the economic pyramid.

These income support schemes target land owners, and bypass tenants and labourers. In Chhattisgarh, there is preliminary evidence that tenants managed better rates from owners last year after the government gave incentives over and above MSPs to farmers. The State is now designing a cash transfer scheme for landless labourers, according to Chief Minister Bhupesh Baghel. But these interventions are only palliative and cannot address the underlying problem, which is the non-remunerative nature of farming. A more market-driven approach has often been proposed as the solution, and the agriculture-related components in the Centre’s response to the economic crisis caused by the pandemic appear to toe that line. However, many previous arguments about the agriculture economy have been rendered questionable by the pandemic. The food supply chain crisis in the U.S. is instructive. Considered supremely efficient, it ended up with wasted produce and unmet demand as the pandemic erupted. India’s agricultural management must take into account such fresh learning from the pandemic, and vulnerabilities arising out of supply chain-dependent food security. The list of pre-existing morbidities in the agriculture sector is also long, including messy land records, unscientific and unsustainable crop patterns, market linkages that make the farmers vulnerable to exploitation by officials and middlemen, inadequate irrigation, adoption of technology, conflict with wildlife, and changing weather and climate patterns. For now, the Centre must announce the MSPs for the current season at the earliest — late announcements have added to the uncertainties for the farmers in recent years. The creation of a buoyant agriculture sector will take much more, and those efforts must be made on a war-footing.

SOME IMPORTANT WORDS FROM THE ARTICLE

 

1.PROCUREMENTS (n)-the process of getting supplies.प्राप्ति,सरकारी खरीद

2.LANGUISH (v)-to fail to be successful or to improve.कमजोर होना

3.TENANTS (n)-a person who occupies land or property rented from a landlord.किरायेदारों

4.PALLIATIVE (n)-something that alleviates or lessens a problem.

5.NON-REMUNERATIVE (adj)-It is a kind of work which is non-profitable in terms of money.

6.TOE THAT LINE (idiom)-to be consistent.

7.UNMET (adj)-(of a requirement) not achieved or fulfilled.

8.MESSY (adj)-embarrassing, difficult, or unpleasant.

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