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Daily The Hindu editorial with RC,cloze test,error detection,vocab 22 May 2020

Daily The Hindu editorial with RC,cloze test,error detection,vocab 22 May 2020

Go to the editorial passage

 

 

Direction (1-5) –In the given passage, some words have been omitted. Choose the words that make the passage meaningful.
Q1. Select the word that can be filled in the blank A to make the passage meaningful.
a)changed
b)convulsed
c)jeopardized 
d)stranded 
e)allowed

Q2. Select the word that can be filled in the blank B to make the passage meaningful.
a)hyped 
b)obliterated
c)closed
d)triggered
e)regulated

Q3. Select the word that can be filled in the blank C to make the passage meaningful.
a)returns
b)obstructs
c)halts
d)agrees
e)underpins

Q4. Select the word that can be filled in the blank D to make the passage meaningful.
a)targeted
b)procured 
c)propagate
d)underlined
e)implemented

Q5. Select the word that can be filled in the blank E to make the passage meaningful.
a)retreat
b)relieve 
c)revive
d)scourge
e)bode 



Q6. According to the passage, which of the following statements are correct?
A.On May 19, Chinese Foreign Ministry accused the Indian Army of “attempting to unilaterally change the status” of the LAC.

B. The May 17, Indian Foreign Ministry accused the Chinese Army of “attempting to unilaterally change the status” of the LAC.

C.The India-China border is witnessing the highest tensions since the Doklam stand-off in 2017. 

a)Only A is correct 
b)Only B is correct 
c)Only C is correct
d)B and C are correct 
e)A and C are correct 



Q7. According to the passage,Last year, India completed the Darbuk-Shyok-Daulet Beg Oldi (DBO) road which connects –


A.Leh to the Karakoram Pass.

B.Leh to the Khawak Pass.

C.Leh to the Wakhjir Pass.


a)Only A is correct 
b)Only B is correct 
c)only C is correct 
d)B and C are correct 
e)A and C are correct


Q8.India has been upgrading its roads as it plays CATCH-UP, with China already enjoying an advantage in both terrain and infrastructure.

What is the meaning of theCATCH-UP in the given context ?
a)to topple something 

b)to reach something that had been ahead.

c)to entangle 
d)to ratify 
e)to conduct
Q9. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase  given below.

IMPETUS
a)stimulus 
b)coercion
c)unusual 
d)intensity
e)None of the above 


Q10. Sentence X of the passage has been divided into four parts.One or two of these parts contain errors .Choose the parts as your answer.Mark ‘no error’ as your answer if there is no error in the sentence.
1)a
2)b
3)c
4)d

5) No error

SOLUTION 

1)Allowed fits into the context appropriately.
The sentence talks about the Prime Minister Modi and President Xi both agreeing on a term that differences should not be allowed to escalate into disputes.
Rest of the options can be easily eliminated, provided that you are aware of the meaning of the given options.
Changed,jeopardized(meaning- threatened),convulsed (meaning- violently agitated) and stranded ( meaning-abandoned)  can be easily eliminated as they either go against the context or have nothing to do with the context.

2) Triggered, meaning-initiated something,fits into the context appropriately. 
The sentence is in context of The stand-off in Ladakh that appears to have been initiated by China moving in troops to obstruct road construction activity by India.
You can easily eliminate the rest of the options, provided that, you have read the passage carefully and are aware of the meaning of the given options.
We need a filler that means ‘to initiate something’ to fill the blank.
Hence, Obliterated(meaning- destroyed),hyped( meaning -enlarged) and regulated stand eliminated. 

Closed can also be easily eliminated as it goes against the context.
Tip – If you find it difficult to eliminate unsuitable options,read the passage 2-3 times,keep in mind that you are here to practise,allowing yourself to make mistakes and then rectifying those mistakes in order to avoid mistakes in the exam.

3)Underpins,(meaning- to corroborate) ,fits into the context appropriately.If you have read the sentence carefully, you can easily figure out that need of Delhi to remind Beijing that a fundamental principle that corroborates all previous agreements is recognising the right to mutual and equal security of the two sides,is being talked about.Hence,underpins is the most apt word that fits into the context appropriately.Rest of the options stand eliminated as they render the sentence contextually incorrect. 

4)Underline, meaning- to emphasise or stress,fits into the context appropriately.The context is in the new LAC situation.The sentence talks about recent incidents emphasizing how the new LAC situation is placing existing mechanisms under renewed stress.Hence,underline is the most apt word that fits into the context appropriately.Rest of the options stand eliminated based on their out of context meanings.

Let’s take a look at their meanings-

Procure – to acquire
Propagate -to increase, to generate 
Implement-to bring about 


5)Revive, meaning-‘reinvigorate ’,fits into the context appropriately.
Go with elimination method, you can easily eliminate rest of the options.
The sentence talks about India and China taking the current situation as an opportunity to restore the stalled process of clarifying the LAC. 
Hence,revive is the most apt word  that fits into the context appropriately.Rest of the options can be easily eliminated. 

Let’s take a look at their meanings- 

Retreat -Withdraw  relieve – to ease
Scourge – a source of persistent trouble 
Bode –  to indicate by signs,as future events;to foreshow something

6) e, statements A  and  C are correct.
B is wrong because- no such statement is mentioned anywhere in the passage.


7) a
It is clearly mentioned in the passage – “Last year, India completed the Darbuk-Shyok-Daulet Beg Oldi (DBO) road which connects Leh to the Karakoram Pass.”

8)  CATCH-UP in this context means

 ‘to reach something that had been ahead’.
Catch up also means ‘to entangle’ but in the given context it means ‘to reach something that had been ahead’.

9)IMPETUS– stimulus 

10) The error is in c part.Replace ‘lies’ with ‘lie’ as contested zones is plural.
COMPLETE ARTICLE

 

Keeping the peace: On India-China border tension

With four incidents along the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in recent weeks, the India-China border is witnessing the highest tensions since the Doklam STAND-OFF in 2017. In the three years since, both sides have done remarkably well to keep the peace. Prime Minister Modi and President Xi both agreed differences should not be allowed to escalate into disputes. Also, a clear message was sent to the two militaries to ABIDE BY the detailed protocols already in place, such as those agreed to in 2005 and 2013. These regulate the activities of troops in the contested zones that lie in between both sides’ overlapping claim lines of the undefined LAC. If Army Chief General Manoj Naravane wisely sought to cool the temperatures with his May 14 statement, China has unhelpfully raised them. On May 19, its Foreign Ministry accused the Indian Army of “attempting to UNILATERALLY change the status” of the LAC. The stand-off in Ladakh appears to have been triggered by China moving in troops to OBSTRUCT road construction activity by India. Last year, India completed the Darbuk-Shyok-Daulet Beg Oldi (DBO) road which connects Leh to the Karakoram Pass. India also maintains a key landing strip at DBO at 16,000 feet. The broader context for the tensions is the changing dynamic along the LAC. India has been upgrading its roads as it plays CATCH-UP, with China already enjoying an advantage in both terrain and infrastructure. China now seems to be telling India it has no right to carry out the kind of activity that Beijing has already done. India is well within its right to carry out construction work. Delhi needs to remind Beijing that a fundamental principle that UNDERPINS all previous agreements is recognising the right to mutual and equal security of the two sides.

The immediate priority is for both sides to use existing channels and step back. Flag meetings between brigade commanders have so far been unable to break the STALEMATE. The incidents have underlined how the new LAC situation is placing existing mechanisms under renewed stress. India and China should grasp the current situation as an opportunity to revive the stalled process of clarifying the LAC. China has resisted this as a distraction to the boundary negotiations. But rather than agree on a line, both can instead simply seek to better understand the claims of the other and reach a common understanding to regulate activity in these areas. Clarifying the LAC may even provide a fresh impetus to the stalled boundary talks between the Special Representatives. Beyond the posturing, both sides know a final settlement will ultimately have to use the LAC as a basis, with only minor adjustments. Only a settlement will end the SHADOW BOXING on the LAC. With both countries in the midst of an unprecedented global pandemic, the time to push for a settlement to a distracting, protracted dispute is now.

SOME IMPORTANT WORDS FROM THE ARTICLE

 

1.STAND-OFF (n)-a disagreement or fight in which neither opponent can do anything to win or achieve their aim.गतिरोध

2.ABIDE BY (phrasal verb)- to follow a rule, decision, or instruction.पालन करना

3.UNILATERALLY (adv)-used to indicate that something is done by only one person, group, or country involved in a situation, without the agreement of others.एकतरफा

4.OBSTRUCT (v)-to slow or stop the development of.रोकना,बाधा डालना

5.CATCH-UP (n)-an instance of two or more people meeting to discuss what has happened since the last time they met or spoke.

6.UNDERPINS (v)-to give support, strength, or a basic structure to something.

7.STALEMATE (n)-any position or situation in which no action can be taken or progress made; deadlock.गतिरोध

8.SHADOW BOXING (n)-make a show of tackling a problem or opponent while avoiding any direct engagement.

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