Daily The Hindu editorial with grammar questions

Daily The Hindu editorial with RC,cloze test,error detection,vocab 18 May 2020

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Daily The Hindu editorial with RC,cloze test,error detection,vocab 18 May 2020

Go to the editorial passage

 

(Direction 1-5)- In the given passage, some words have been omitted. Choose the words that make the passage meaningful.

 

Q.1 Select the word that can be filled in the blank, A to make the passage meaningful.

a) portion
b) percentage
c) tranche
d) slow-down
e) share

 

Q.2 Select the word that can be filled in the blank B to make the passage

a) inflationary
b) extortionate
c) finance
d) deflationary
e) usurious

 

Q.3 Select the word that can be filled in the blank C to make the passage meaningful.

a) coast
b) Hinterland
c) barren land
d) civilization
e) backwater

 

Q.4 Select the word that can be filled in the blank D to make the passage meaningful.

a) Purportedly
b) Purporting
c) Purported
d) Purports
e) Purport

 

Q.5 Select the word that can be filled in the blank E to make the passage meaningful.

a) intentionally
b) genuinely
c) really
d) Ostensibly
e) truly

 

Q.6 According to the passage, which of the following statements are correct?

(a) Given that the lack of adequate cold-storage facilities continues to extract a high price on farmers and the Agrarian economy by way of post-harvest losses, especially in Perishables , the targeted outlay is a welcome step.

(b) Due to the supply of adequate cold-storage facilities, farmers and the Agrarian economy are paying high price because of post-harvest losses, especially in perishables but the targeted outlay is a welcome step.

(c) Given that the lack of adequate cold-storage facilities continues to extract a high price on farmers and the Agrarian economy by way of pre-harvest losses, especially in Perishables , the targeted outlay is a welcome step.

a) Only A is correct
b) Only B is correct
c) Only C is correct
d) Both B and C are correct
e) Both A and B are correct

 

Q.7 According to the passage, the Minister also unveiled a ₹10,000 crore scheme to promote the-

A formalisation of giant food enterprises
B formalisation of micro agriculture enterprises
C formalisation of micro food enterprises

a) Only A is correct
b) Only B is correct
c) Only C is correct
d) Both B and C are correct
e) Both A and B are correct

 

Q.8. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase given below.

Tamping Down

a) bundle
b) compact
c) load down
d) throng
e) wad

 

Q.9. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase given below.

Throw the baby out with the bathwater

a) replace
b) rampage
c) shift
d) eliminate
e) take off

 

Q.10. Sentence X of the passage has been divided into four parts. The first sentence of the second part of the passage One or two of these parts contain an error. Choose the part as an answer. Mark ‘no error’ as your answer if there is no error in the sentence.

1) a
2) b
3) c
4) d
5) No error

 

SOLUTION

 

1) Tranche(n), meaning- ‘a portion of something, especially money’ is the most suitable word as the sentence talks about financial matter. Whereas, other options such as portion, percentage, part, and share are used in general sense.

2) inflationary(adj), meaning- tending to cause monetary inflation is the most suitable word as the sentence talks about price spikes and inflation correlate with it. Whereas other options have quite different meaning.
extortionate ‘spending outrageous amount’,
Finance ‘related to capital or money’,
Deflationary ‘tending to cause decrease in consumer prices’
Usurious ‘unlimited spending or interest’
Thus, other options don’t suit the sentence due to their ‘out of context’ meanings.

3) Hinterland(n), meaning- ‘a remote and undeveloped area’ is the most suitable word for the sentence. Other options can be eliminated easily due to their out of context meanings.
Coast -‘area near the sea’
Barren land- ‘the bleak treeless region’
Civilization- ‘society in a advanced state of social development’
Backwater- ‘a body of water created by flood’
Thus, other options don’t suit the sentence due to their ‘out of context’ meanings.

4) a, Purportedly is the word that can be filled in the blank to make the passage meaningful as we need an adverb to make the sentence grammatically correct. Using other options would make the sentence grammatically incorrect.

5) d, Ostensibly(adverb), meaning- ‘apparently;seemingly’ is the most suitable word for the sentence. Other options can be eliminated easily due to their out of context meanings.

6) Only statement A is correct.
B is wrong because post-harvest loss happened due to the lack not due to supply.
C is wrong because Agrarian economy by way of pre-harvest losses has no connection with the context.

7) Option B is correct as it is clearly mentioned in the passage- The Minister also unveiled a ₹10,000 crore scheme to promote the formalisation of micro food enterprises.

8) to reduce the amount, level, size or importance of something; compact

9) Throw the baby out with the bathwater – discard something valuable along with other things that are undesirable; eliminate

10. (a) Replace ‘Amendment’ with ‘Amendments’ to make the sentence grammatically correct.

 

COMPLETE ARTICLE
The Centre’s objective of using the COVID-19 crisis to usher in an Atmanirbhar Bharat saw Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman focus Friday’s tranche of announcements on farm sector reforms. The centrepiece was a ₹1-lakh crore fund to finance agriculture infrastructure projects at the farm gate and produce aggregation points. Given that the lack of adequate cold-storage facilities continues to extract a high price on farmers and the agrarian economy by way of post-harvest losses, especially in perishables, the targeted outlay is a welcome step. The decision to channel the funds to agricultural cooperatives, farmer producer organisations, rural entrepreneurs and start-ups is also encouraging as it lays the onus of creating the appropriate infrastructure or logistics solution largely on the principal beneficiaries, the farmers themselves. The Minister also unveiled a ₹10,000 crore scheme to promote the formalisation of micro food enterprises. Suggesting a cluster approach focused in different regions on signature produce, Ms. Sitharaman said the goal was to assist unorganised enterprises in scaling up food safety standards to earn the products certification and build brand value. The package, though, may be more beneficial in the longer term than providing any immediate relief from the lockdown-exacerbated distress in the rural hinterland.
 
 Crucially, the Minister also announced three reform proposals that are ostensibly aimed at enabling better price realisation for farmers by removing restrictions and facilitating enhanced marketing freedom. These include amendments to the 1955-vintage Essential Commodities Act that would effectively hollow out the legislation by deregulating cereals, pulses, oilseeds, edible oils, onions and potato. While the Economic Survey, in January, had recommended JETTISONING the “ANACHRONISTIC” Act, the law has NONETHELESS remained a vital tool in the government’s armoury for protecting consumers from irrational volatility in the prices of essentials by TAMPING DOWN on black marketeers and hoarders. While the Act’s provisions do have scope for an overzealous bureaucracy to harass even an honest exporter, who may have paid a fair price to the farmer and stocked produce for shipment overseas, total deregulation for foodgrains is FRAUGHT with the risk of future inflationary food price spikes. The other two proposals are also of concern. While one seeks to bypass the APMC regime through a central law that would allow farmers the freedom to sell across State borders, the other proposes a framework for farmers to enter into pre-sowing contracts that would PURPORTEDLY help assure them of offtake volumes and prices. Both the changes, once enacted, could privilege market forces without necessarily safeguarding food security. Surely, it would be in no one’s interest to THROW THE BABY OUT WITH THE BATHWATER.
SOME IMPORTANT WORDS FROM THE ARTICLE
 1.USHER (v)-cause or mark the start of something new.
 
 2.TRANCHE (n)-a portion of something, especially money.वित्त का एक भाग
 
 3.CENTREPIECE (n)-the most important or attractive part or feature of something.केंद्र,अत्यधिक महत्वपूर्ण मुद्दा
 
 4.AGRARIAN (adj)-relating to cultivated land or the cultivation of land.कृषि
 
 5.PERISHABLES (n)-food products that decay quickly.खराब होने
 
 6.ONUS (n)-something that is one’s duty or responsibility.दायित्व 
 
 7.SCALING UP (phrasal verb)-to increase the size, amount, or importance of something.बढ़ाना
 
 8.EXACERBATED (v)-to make a problem become worse.बिगड़ी हुई को और बिगाड़ना
 
 9.HINTERLAND (n)-an area that is a long way from a town or city.आंतरिक इलाके
 
 10.OSTENSIBLY (adv)-as appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so; apparently.जाहिर तौर पर
 
 11.JETTISONING (v)-to get rid of something or someone that is not wanted or needed.
 
 12.ANACHRONISTIC (n)-something that is no longer suitable for or relevant to modern times.
 
 13.NONETHELESS (adv)-despite what has just been said or done.फिर भी,के बावजूद भी
 
 14.TAMPING DOWN (phrasal verb)-to reduce the amount, level, size, or importance of something.
 
 15.FRAUGHT (adj)-causing or affected by anxiety or stress.
 
 16.PURPORTEDLY (adv)-as appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily.कथित रूप से
 
 17.THROW THE BABY OUT WITH THE BATHWATER (phrase)-discard something valuable along with other things that are undesirable. 

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