Daily The Hindu editorial with grammar questions

Daily The Hindu editorial with RC,cloze test,error detection,vocab 20 May 2020

Daily The Hindu editorial with RC,cloze test,error detection,vocab 20 May 2020

Go to the editorial passage

 

(Direction 1-5)- In the given passage, some words have been omitted. Choose the words that make the passage meaningful.

 

Q.1 Select the word that can be filled in the blank A to make the passage meaningful.

a) bestowal
b) annexation
c) trap
d) refusal
e) yielding

Q.2 Select the word that can be filled in the blank B to make the passage meaningful.

a) coalition
b) associate
c) antagonism
d) severance
e) none of the above

Q.3 Select the word that can be filled in the blank C to make the passage meaningful.

a) exoneration
b) denunciation
c) acquittal
d) statement
e) indictment

Q.4 Select the word that can be filled in the blank D to make the passage meaningful.

a) splinters
b) splintering
c) splinter
d) splintered
e) none

Q.5 Select the word that can be filled in the blank E to make the passage meaningful.

a) approaching
b) prevailing
c) delayed
d) erstwhile
e) forthcoming

Q.6 According to the passage, which of the following statements are correct?

(a) The man behind the revival of the political fortunes of Mr. Netanyahu, who has been indicted for corruption, was his one-time nemesis, Benny Gantz, leader of the centrist Blue and White party.

(b) In his election campaigns and during difficult coalition negotiations, Mr. Gantz was adamant that he would never work under a Prime Minister who faced criminal charges.

(c) Ironically, the judicial trial into Mr. Netanyahu’s indictment for corruption, bribery and breach of trust begins on May 25.

a) Only A is correct
b) Only B is correct
c) Only C is correct
d) Both B and C are correct
e) Both A and B are correct

Q.7 According to the passage,who was the man behind the revival of the political fortunes of Mr. Netanyahu?

A. ‘Benny Gantz, leader of the centrist Blue and White party.’

B.Former Prime Minister of Israel

C.Prime Minister of Palestine

a) Only A is correct
b) Only B is correct
c) Only C is correct
d) Both B and C are correct
e) Both A and B are correct

Q.8. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase given below.

NEMESIS

a) foe
b) challenger
c) retributive
d) acquittal
e) forbearance

Q.9. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase given below.

OUST

a)aggrandize
b) interrupted
c) sequential
d) expel
e)mollify

Q.10. Sentence X of the passage has been divided into four parts. The first sentence of the second part of the passage One or two of these parts contain an error. Choose the part as an answer. Mark ‘no error’ as your answer if there is no error in the sentence.

1) a
2) b
3) c
4) d
5) No error

SOLUTION

1) b) Annexation- ‘the action of annexing something (seizure), specially territory.’ is correct option. It fits perfectly into the sentence as the sentence talks about Jewish settlement on occupied west bank. Rest options can be rejected due to their out of context meanings.
Bestowal -The act of conferring an honor or presenting a gift.
Trap – a situation in which people lie in wait to make a surprise attack.
Refusal – Saying or howing that you will not do, give or accept something.
Yielding- concede (a point of dispute)

2. a) coalition(a)- ‘a temporary alliance for combined action, especially of political parties forming a government’ is the correct answer as it correlate with the word negotiations. As the sentence reveals a dispute between two merged political parties. Rest options don’t go well with the context of the sentence.
associate -‘a partner or companion in business
or at work’
antagonism- ‘opposition’
severance- ‘action of ending a connection or relationship.

3. (e) indictment meaning- ‘an official formal accusation for a criminal offence’ is the correct option as the sentence indicates towards an offense and breach of trust. Rest options can be eliminated as they are not related to the context.
Exoneration – ‘The release of someone from a duty or obligation’.
Denunciation – ‘proclamation;announcement;That by which anything is denounced’.
Acquittal – ‘To relieve from a charge of fault or crime’
Statement – ‘Something that you say or write, especially formally’.

4. b) splintering meaning- ‘of a group or organisation separate into smaller units, typically as a result of disagreement.’ is the correct option. Choosing other options would make the sentence grammatically incorrect.

5. d) Erstwhile meaning- ‘former’ is the appropriate option for the sentence. Other options can be eliminated easily due to their out of context meaning.
Approaching – Coming next
Prevailing – Existing or most common at a particular time.
Delayed – late or slow
Forthcoming- That will happen or appear in the near future.

6) (e) Both A and B are correct
only C is wrong because breach of trust begins on May 24 not on May 25.

7.a) It is clearly mentioned in the passage that the man behind the revival of the political fortunes of Mr. Netanyahu, who has been indicted for corruption, was his one-time nemesis, Benny Gantz, leader of the centrist Blue and White party.

8) NEMESIS – ‘a long standing rival, an arch enemy’; foe.

9) OUST – drive out or expel (someone) from a position or place.

10) Option C has an error. Replace settlement with settlements to make it grammatically correct as the rest of the sentence is in the plural form

 

COMPLETE ARTICLE

Israel’s new unity government, which has ended a protracted political deadlock, after three inconclusive elections in a year, is likely to oversee worsening tensions with the Palestinians as annexation of Jewish settlements in the occupied West Bank is high on Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s agenda. Mr. Netanyahu, Israel’s longest serving leader who just began his fourth consecutive term, has already initiated discussions on this plan. The man behind the revival of the political fortunes of Mr. Netanyahu, who has been indicted for corruption, was his one-time nemesis, Benny Gantz, leader of the centrist Blue and White party. The former Army Chief of Staff entered politics with the sole mission to oust the Likud party head from office and proposed legislation to set term limits for the premier. In his election campaigns and during difficult coalition negotiations, Mr. Gantz was adamant that he would never work under a Prime Minister who faced criminal charges. He was even ready to join a unity government with Likud, provided that Mr. Netanyahu stepped aside. Ironically, the judicial trial into Mr. Netanyahu’s indictment for corruption, bribery and breach of trust begins on May 24. The courts are also hearing challenges to his choice as Prime Minister, as Mr. Netanyahu could influence the nomination of judges and the prosecutor.

In a turn of events in late March, Mr. Gantz first petitioned the court against moves to stall the election of the new Speaker and, within 24 hours, nominated himself to the position; a step that led to the splintering of the Blue and White. But the decision that has been described as his capitulation and a betrayal of his centre-left supporters is his failure to secure a veto on the annexation of the settlements on the West Bank in the coalition agreement. All other pieces of legislation except those relating to the fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic and the occupied territory, require mutual consultation between the governing parties. An advocate of a united Jerusalem and not a vocal supporter of a two-state solution, it is doubtful if Mr. Gantz would block Mr. Netanyahu’s annexation bid. And any move to annex West Bank territories, which the Palestinians see as part of their future state, could worsen an already fragile situation. As per the deal brokered in April, Mr. Netanyahu will serve as Prime Minister for the first 18 months and hand over the role to his erstwhile opponent for the remainder of the three-year term. This is, however, a potential grey area, given the uncertainty that would arise for the coalition from a judicial verdict against Mr. Netanyahu. If that happens, he could again play the victim, as when he accused investigating agencies after charges were framed against him. The months ahead will test the real strength of the unity government.

SOME IMPORTANT WORDS FROM THE ARTICLE

1.PROTRACTED (adj)-continuing for a long time, especially longer than is normal or necessary.लंबा,दीर्घ

2.DEADLOCK (n)-a point in a dispute at which no agreement can be reached.गतिरोध

3.INCONCLUSIVE (adj)-not giving or having a result or decision.अनिर्णायक

4.OUST (v)-drive out or expel (someone) from a position or place.बाहर निकालना

5.ADAMANT (adj)-refusing to be persuaded or to change one’s mind.अटल

6.STEPPED ASIDE (phrasal verb)-to leave an official position or job.

7.INDICTMENT (n)-a formal charge or accusation of a serious crime.अभियोग n
8.CAPITULATION (n)-an agreement or set of conditions.

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