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Daily The Hindu editorial with RC,cloze test,error detection,vocab 19 May 2020

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Daily The Hindu editorial with RC,cloze test,error detection,vocab 19 May 2020

Go to the editorial passage

 

 

(Direction 1-5)- In the given passage, some words have been omitted. Choose the words that make the passage meaningful.

 

Q.1 Select the word that can be filled in the blank, A to make the passage meaningful.

a) pacified
b) egregious
c) outright
d) emphatic
e) blatant

Q.2 Select the word that can be filled in the blank B to make the passage meaningful.

a) proof
b) demonstration
c) speculation
d) evidence
e) consideration

Q.3 Select the word that can be filled in the blank, C to make the passage meaningful.

a) distressed
b) disgruntled
c) pleased
d) contended
e) uncritical

Q.4 Select the word that can be filled in the blank, D to make the passage meaningful.

a) protrusion
b) pacification
c) allegiance
d) sedition
e) appeasement

Q.5 Select the word that can be filled in the blank B to make the passage meaningful.

a) insignificance
b) indicator
c) triviality
d) necessity
e) magnitude

Q.6 According to the passage, which of the following statements are correct?

(a) Mr. Patel was charged under Section 54 of the Riot Management Act for allegedly spreading panic through a false alarm concerning a disaster.

(b) Mr. Patel has also been charged under Section 54 of the Disaster Management Act for allegedly spreading panic through a false alarm concerning a disaster.

(c) Mr. Patel has also been charged under Section 55 of the Riot Management Act for allegedly spreading panic through a false alarm concerning a disaster.

a) Only A is correct
b) Only B is correct
c) Only C is correct
d) Both B and C are correct
e) Both A and B are correct

 

Q.7 According to the passage, The arrest of Dhaval Patel, editor of a news portal in Gujarat, on the serious charge of sedition, is a shocking instance of-

A overuse of criminal laws to Intimidate journalists
B misuse of criminal laws to Intimidate criminals
C misuse of criminal laws to Intimidate journalists

a) Only A is correct
b) Only B is correct
c) Only C is correct
d) Both B and C are correct
e) Both A and B are correct

Q.8. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase given below.

Fallout

a) effect
b) outcome
c) consequences
d) repercussions
e) aftermath

Q.9. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase given below.

Breach

a) transgress
b) preserve
c) conform
d) eliminate
e) separation

Q.10. Sentence X of the passage has been divided into four parts. The first sentence of the second part of the passage One or two of these parts contain an error. Choose the part as an answer. Mark ‘no error’ as your answer if there is no error in the sentence.

1) a
2) b
3) c
4) d
5) No error

SOLUTION

1) (b) Egregious(adj), meaning- ‘outstandingly bad or shocking or a glaring error’ is the most appropriate option for the sentence. As it fits into the context and gives it a proper meaning.

Pacified (meaning-brought peace to;allevited) renders the sentence contextually incorrect.Hence,it stands eliminated.
Emphatic- ‘expressing something forcibly and clearly’ and outright- ‘having no exceptions or restrictions’ can also be easily eliminated as they have nothing to do with the context.Between blatant(meaning-‘done openly and unashamedly’ ) and egregious,egregious is the better word in this context.

2) (d) sedition- ‘conduct or speech inciting people to rebel against the authority of a state or monarch’ is the right answer to the question.
Whereas, other options have different meanings and they do not go well with the sentence.
Protrusion meaning- ‘A thing that sticks out from a place or surface the fact of doing this’
Allegiance meaning- ‘support for a leader, government, belief, etc’
Pacification meaning- pacification- ‘is an attempt to create or maintain peace’.
Appeasement meaning- ‘the act of giving something to an aggressive power to keep the peace’.

3) (b) speculation(n), meaning- ‘the forming of a theory or conjuncture without firm evidence’ is the correct option for the sentence. As the sentence talks about a report that has no proper evidence. Whereas, other options can be easily eliminated due to their out of context meaning.
Proof- evidence or argument establishing a fact’
Demonstration- ‘publicly display of group feelings’
Evidence- ‘a belief or proposition that is true’
Consideration- ‘careful thought’.

4) Disgruntled meaning- ‘angry or dissatisfied’
is the right answer to the question as the questions is indicating towards injustice. Whereas, other options have different meanings and they do not go well with the sentence.
Pleased meaning- ‘Happy or satisfied about something’.
Contended meaning- ‘to have to deal with a problem or a difficult situation’.
Distressed meaning- ‘to make somebody very upset or unhappy’
Uncritical meaning- ‘Not expressing criticism or using one’s critical faculties’.

5) (e) magnitude(n), meaning- ‘the great size or extend of something’ can be placed with severity as they both are related to each other and complete the sentence. Whereas, other options can be easily eliminated due to their out of context meaning.
Insignificance -‘unimportant to be worth consideration’
Indicator- ‘a thing that indicates the state or level of something’
Triviality- ‘lack of seriousness or importance’
Necessity- ‘the state of fact or being required’

6) Only statement B is correct.
Statements A and C are wrong as Riot management act is nowhere mentioned in the passage.

7) Option C is correct as it is clearly mentioned in the passage- The arrest of Dhaval Patel, editor of a news portal in Gujarat, on the serious charge of SEDITION, is a shocking instance of misuse of criminal laws to INTIMIDATE journalists.

7) Option C is correct as it is clearly mentioned in the passage- The arrest of Dhaval Patel, editor of a news portal in Gujarat, on the serious charge of sedition, is a shocking instance of misuse of criminal laws to intimidate journalists.

8) (d) Fallout(n) – ‘any adverse and unwanted secondary effect or a negative side-effect’; repercussions

9) Breach(n)- ‘act in disregard of laws, rules or promises i.e. breaking or violation of a law, or trust; transgress

10. (c) Put a before COVID-19 Patient to make the sentence grammatically correct.

 

COMPLETE ARTICLE

The frequency with which journalists have been arrested since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic is quite disturbing. The reasons given by the police across India for arresting reporters and editors of news portals indicate that special provisions enacted to prevent the spread of rumour during disasters are being used to suppress reporting on political developments and possible governmental corruption. The most egregious case involves a criminal provision that governments invariably fall back upon to suppress dissent. The arrest of Dhaval Patel, editor of a news portal in Gujarat, on the serious charge of sedition, is a shocking instance of misuse of criminal laws to intimidate journalists. The case concerned an article speculating that State Chief Minister Vijay Rupani may be replaced by the BJP for his alleged inept handling of efforts to combat the pandemic. The report had even named a possible successor. It is befuddling how such a report could amount to sedition, regardless of whether the speculation is true. Oftentimes, the source of such speculation is a disgruntled section of the ruling party itself, and it is excessive to punish reportage with inadequate verification with arrest and prosecution for sedition. Mr. Patel has also been charged under Section 54 of the Disaster Management Act for allegedly spreading panic through a false alarm concerning a disaster.

The Editors Guild of India has seen a “growing pattern” in the misuse of criminal laws to intimidate journalists. The concern is not misplaced. In the Andamans, a reporter was arrested for a social media post claiming people who had contacted a COVID-19 positive patient over phone were also being quarantined. In Coimbatore, police arrested a news portal founder following a report on alleged corruption in food distribution as part of the local administration’s efforts to handle the fallout of the pandemic. In Delhi, a reporter was summoned in response to a report that claimed that an audio clip purportedly containing a speech by the head of the Tablighi Jamaat was doctored. While asking a journalist to join the investigation may not by itself be illegal, the police should not use the power of summons to intimidate reporters or extract details of the source. There ought to be greater restraint while invoking special provisions relating to handling disasters and epidemics. Section 54 only penalises the spreading of panic relating to the severity or magnitude of a disaster — claiming falsely, for instance, that a DAM had breached — and does not extend to mere incorrect reporting. In normal circumstances, the authorities ought to be content with getting their version or response to be carried by the news outlets concerned, and not seek to use the pandemic as an excuse to curb inconvenient reporting.

 

SOME IMPORTANT WORDS FROM THE ARTICLE

 

OUTBREAK (n)-a sudden occurrence of something unwelcome, such as war or disease.प्रकोप

2.SUPPRESS (v)-prevent the dissemination of (information).दबाना

3.EGREGIOUS (adj)-extremely bad in a way that is very noticeable.अत्यंत बुरा,बेहद खराब

4.DISSENT (n)-the holding or expression of opinions at variance with those commonly or officially held.मतभेद

5.SEDITION (n)-language or behaviour that is intended to persuade other people to oppose their government.

6.INTIMIDATE (v)-to threaten or frighten someone.धमकाना

7.INEPT (adj)-having or showing no skill.अयोग्य

8.BEFUDDLING (v)-be confusing or perplexing to or cause to be unable to think clearly.चकरा देना

9.DISGRUNTLED (adj)-angry or dissatisfied.असन्तुष्ट,ख़फ़ा

10.FALLOUT (n)-the adverse results of a situation or action.नतीजा

11.PURPORTEDLY (adv)-as appears or is stated to be true, though not necessarily so.कथित रूप से

 

 

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