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Daily The Hindu editorial with RC,cloze test,vocab,spotting error 25 May 2020

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We all know the importance of reading The Hindu editorial article. It is a ritual which every banking or SSC aspirant must follow as examiner tends to prepare English grammar questions from Newspaper articles.

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💢The Hindu Editorial Reading Comprehension,Cloze test,error detection,vocab Of The Day

 

The Rajiv Gandhi Kisan Nyay Yojana launched by Chhattisgarh last week aims to supplement the income of the State’s 18 lakh rice, maize and sugarcane farmers by ₹10,000 to ₹13,000 per acre, through direct cash transfers. Besides the Centre’s PM-KISAN scheme that provides ₹6,000 to farm families owning less than five acres of land, Telangana, Odisha and Andhra Pradesh have similar cash transfer programmes for farmers. For __A__ the interests of the consumer and the farmer, India has an extensive Minimum Support Price (MSP) regime which works in combination with the PDS. But the efficiency of neither MSP procurements nor the PDS is uniform across the country. The Centre says it fixes MSPs at 1.5 times the cost of production for farmers, but this calculation is not free of controversy. Last year, several States including Chhattisgarh and BJP-ruled U.P. and Haryana questioned the Centre’s MSP calculations. Though food is a universal necessity, those who produce it __B__ at the bottom of the economic pyramid.

These income support schemes target land owners, and bypass tenants and labourers. In Chhattisgarh, there is preliminary evidence that tenants __C__ better rates from owners last year after the government gave incentives over and above MSPs to farmers. The State is now designing a cash transfer scheme for landless labourers, according to Chief Minister Bhupesh Baghel. But these interventions are only __D__ and cannot address the __E__ problem, which is the non-remunerative nature of farming. X**A more market-driven approach has (a)/often been proposed as the solution, and the (b)/agriculture-related components in the Centre’s response to the economic(c)/ crisis caused by the pandemic appears to toe that line(d). However, many previous arguments about the agriculture economy have been rendered questionable by the pandemic. The food supply chain crisis in the U.S. is instructive. Considered supremely efficient, it ended up with wasted produce and unmet demand as the pandemic erupted. India’s agricultural management must take into account such fresh learning from the pandemic, and vulnerabilities arising out of supply chain-dependent food security. The list of pre-existing morbidities in the agriculture sector is also long, including messy land records, unscientific and unsustainable crop patterns, market linkages that make the farmers vulnerable to exploitation by officials and middlemen, inadequate irrigation, adoption of technology, conflict with wildlife, and changing weather and climate patterns. For now, the Centre must announce the MSPs for the current season at the earliest — late announcements have added to the uncertainties for the farmers in recent years. The creation of a buoyant agriculture sector will take much more, and those efforts must be made on a war-footing.

Direction (1-5) –In the given passage, some words have been omitted. Choose the words that make the passage meaningful.

Q1. Select the word that can be filled in the blank A to make the passage meaningful.
a)convulsing
b)regretting
c)jeopardizing
d)segregating
e)balancing

Q2. Select the word that can be filled in the blank B to make the passage meaningful.
a)regulate
b)obliterate
c)languish
d)normalize
e)regret

Q3. Select the word that can be filled in the blank C to make the passage meaningful.
a)returned
b)coerced
c)halted
d)relied
e)managed

Q4. Select the word that can be filled in the blank D to make the passage meaningful.
a)demeaning
b)representative
c)curative
d)palliative
e)affected

Q5. Select the word that can be filled in the blank E to make the passage meaningful.

a)superficial
b)undesirable
c)plaintiff
d)underlying
e)emboldening

Q6. According to the passage, which of the following statements are correct?

A.The Rajiv Gandhi Kisan Nyay Yojana has been launched by Chhattisgarh.

B. Centre’s PM-KISAN scheme provides ₹6,000 to farm families owning less than four acres of land

C. Centre’s PM-KISAN aims to supplement the income of the State’s 18 lakh rice, maize and sugarcane farmers by ₹10,000 to ₹13,000 per acre, through direct cash transfers.

a)Only A is correct
b)Only B is correct
c)Only C is correct
d)B and C are correct
e)A and B are correct

Q7. According to the passage,what are the pre-existing morbidities in the agriculture sector ?

A.loopholes in PM’s KISAN scheme

B. messy land records, unscientific and unsustainable crop patterns, market linkages

C.income support schemes targeting land owners, and bypass tenants and labourers

a)Only A is correct
b)Only B is correct
c)only C is correct
d)B and C are correct
e)A and C are correct

Q8. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase given below.

MESSY

a)insubstantive
b)chaotic
c)fall
d)later on
e)decelerate

Q9. Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase given below.

LANGUISH

a)topple
b)breach
c)weaken
d)ratifiy
e)conduct

Q10. Sentence X of the passage has been divided into four parts.One or two of these parts contain errors .Choose the parts as your answer.Mark ‘no error’ as your answer if there is no error in the sentence.

1)a

2)b

3)c

4)d

5) No error

 

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