Daily The Hindu editorial with grammar questions

The Hindu article with RC,cloze test ,vocab 21-04-2020

The Hindu article with RC,cloze test ,vocab 21-04-2020(with detailed solution)  
Go to the passage


In the given passage, some words have been omitted. Choose the words that make the passage meaningful.

Q1. Select the word that can be filled in the blank A to make the passage meaningful.

a)assure
b)reinvent
c)take
d)exploit
e)reinstate

Q2. Select the word that can be filled in the blank B to make the passage meaningful.
a)attack
b)penalize
c)channelize
d)curb
e)transmit

Q3. Select the word that can be filled in the blank C to make the passage meaningful.

a)deduce
b)reject 
c)criticize 
d)introduce
e)penalize


Q4. Select the word that can be filled in the blank D to make the passage meaningful.

a)damage 
b)back up
c)take
d)create
e)heighten
Q5. Select the word that can be filled in the blank E to make the passage meaningful.
a)word
b)projects
c)ventures
d)missives
e)drives

Q6.India is not alone in this fear of “opportunistic takeovers”, as Press Note 3(2020 Series) of the Commerce Ministry described it.According to passage,some other countries have taken the same action-


A. Indonesia, Spain, USA and Australia have already taken similar action to protect their businesses from foreign (read Chinese) investors fishing for distressed entities in need of cash in the post-COVID-19 scenario.
B. Italy, Spain, USA and Australia have already taken similar action to protect their businesses from foreign (read Chinese) investors fishing for distressed entities in need of cash in the post-COVID-19 scenario.

C. Italy, Spain, France and Australia have already taken similar action to protect their businesses from foreign (read Chinese) investors fishing for distressed entities in need of cash in the post-COVID-19 scenario.a)only A is correct

b)only B is correct

c)only C is correct

d)both A and C are correct

e)none of the above

 

Q7. First sentence of the first paragraph of the passage has been divided into four parts.One of these parts contain an error .Choose that part as your answer.Mark ‘no error’ as your answer if there is no error in the sentence.
1)a
2)b
3)c
4)d

5) No error

 

Q8.Sentence X of the passage has been divided into four parts.One of these parts contain an error .Choose that part as your answer.Mark ‘no error’ as your answer if there is no error in the sentence.

1)a

2)b
3)c
4)d

5) No error

 

Q.9 Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase given below.

PULL THE TRIGGER 
a)to accidentally do something 

b)to provoke 
c)to commit to a course of action 
d)to intentionally do something 
e)none of the above

 

Q.10 Choose the word which correctly represents the word/phrase given below.


GREENFIELD
a)potential industrial sites not previously developed 

b)successful industrial sites
c)incomplete venture
d)developed sites

e)None of the above

 

SOLUTION


1) Exploit which means ‘take advantage of’ fits into the context appropriately.Rest options can be eliminated easily as they don’t go well with the context.If you have read the passage carefully,you can easily select the right answer ,that is,exploit by eliminating the rest of the unsuitable options.



2) Curb which means ‘to check,restrain or control’,fits into the context appropriately. Rest of the options can be eliminated based on their out of context meanings.

Options b,c and e can be easily eliminated as they not at all fit into the context. Between attack and curb,curb is the most apt word that fits into the context appropriately. 

3) Introduce fits into the context appropriately. The sentence is talking about the decision of Indian government regarding introducing a layer of government approval on FDI through the automatic route from neighbouring countries.



4) Create is the most apt word among the given options that fits into the context appropriately.

5)Missive which means ‘a written message or memo’ ,is the most apt  word  that fits into the context appropriately.

6) C ,It’s clearly mentioned in the passage that India is not alone in this fear of “opportunistic takeovers”, as Press Note 3(2020 Series) of the Commerce Ministry described it.Italy, Spain, France and Australia have already taken similar action to protect their businesses from foreign (read Chinese) investors fishing for distressed entities in need of cash in the post-COVID-19 scenario.

7) Replace shared with ‘share’ to make the sentence grammatically correct. 


8) c,Replace which with ‘who’ to make the sentence grammatically correct.

9) Pull the trigger- to commit to a course of action

10) Greenfield – potential industrial sites not previously developed 

 

COMPLETE ARTICLE 

Takeover fears: nuanced approach on Chinese investments

The government’s decision to ban foreign direct investments (FDI) through the automatic route from neighbouring countries that share a land border with India has RAISED EYEBROWS. This is mainly because the move is seen as aimed at Chinese investors who could EXPLOIT cheap valuations in the depressed economic conditions post-lockdown to pick up equity interest in select companies. India is not alone in this fear of “opportunistic takeovers”, as Press Note 3(2020 Series) of the Commerce Ministry described it. Italy, Spain, France and Australia have already taken similar action to protect their businesses from foreign (read Chinese) investors fishing for distressed entities in need of cash in the post-COVID-19 scenario. China’s investment in India has been on a sharp upcurve in the last five years. According to a Brookings India study, the total current and planned investment by Chinese entities is over $26 billion. Chinese capital is invested not just in brick-and-mortar industries but in technology and fintech start-ups where Alibaba and Tencent have funded a host of Indian names such as Paytm, Swiggy, Ola, Zomato and BigBasket. It is quite possible that a move to curb or control Chinese investment in Indian companies was always on the cards and that COVID-19 was a good excuse to PULL THE TRIGGER. There has always been unease over the fact that there is a thin line that divides the state sector from private enterprise in China and several companies there trace linkages back to the security apparatus of that country.
So, while the decision to introduce a layer of government approval is probably valid in the current circumstances, the government could have adopted a more nuanced approach. GREENFIELD investments should have been KEPT OUT of the purview as they do not pose a threat of takeover of existing business; to the contrary, they create new capacities and businesses in the country. A distinction should also have been made based on the class of investors: venture capital funds are financial investors who may not necessarily be interested in taking over and running a business. While the FDI route has been plugged, it is not clear what happens to investments that come through the market route. SEBI has already sent out MISSIVES to custodians asking for details of Chinese holdings in listed entities. How will this be regulated? And again, what happens to FDI that comes in through entities registered in countries that do not share a land border with India but which may trace their beneficial ownership to China? And, now that the wall has been raised, approvals should be quick for investment proposals in the technology start-up space, where cash burn is high and existing investors are often tapped for a top-up investment.



Some Important Words from the Article 

1.NUANCED (adj)-a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude.


2.RAISED EYEBROWS (phrase)-to cause other people to react with surprise or mild disapproval.


3.EXPLOIT (v)-to use someone or something unfairly for your own advantage.लाभ उठाना


4.PULL THE TRIGGER (idiom)-To make a final decision or commit to a certain course of action (about something).


5.GREENFIELD (adj)-denoting or relating to previously undeveloped sites for commercial development or exploitation.


6.KEPT OUT (phrasal verb)-To avoid discussing someone or something.


7.MISSIVES (n)-a letter, especially a long or official one.राजनीतिक संदेश



Leave a Comment

1 Comment