Daily The Hindu Article (11/04/2020) with vocabulary, Cloze test, RC, Grammar questions based on the article (with detailed solution) - PREPARE ENGLISH FOR SSC BANK AND OTHER EXAMS:ENGLISHKENDRA
Daily The Hindu Article (11/04/2020) with vocabulary,  Cloze test, RC, Grammar questions based on the article (with detailed solution) 

We all know the importance of reading The Hindu editorial article. It is a ritual which every SSC or banking aspirants must follow as examiner tends to prepare English grammar questions from Newspaper articles .But wait, here we need to be selective in order to prepare English section smartly. 
( not all articles are necessary. Also it takes a lot of time to read). 
Ek has made your job easier by providing 'The Hindu Article Of The Day' daily and the best part is that ,
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Daily The Hindu Article (11/04/2020) with vocabulary,  Cloze test, RC, Grammar questions based on the article (with detailed solution) 

We all know the importance of reading The Hindu editorial article. It is a ritual which every SSC or banking aspirants must follow as examiner tends to prepare English grammar questions from Newspaper articles .But wait, here we need to be selective in order to prepare English section smartly. 
( not all articles are necessary. Also it takes a lot of time to read). 
Ek has made your job easier by providing 'The Hindu Article Of The Day' daily and the best part is that ,
we are providing Grammar questions, cloze test, RC etc based on that 'article of the day'  with detailed solution (FOR FREE) . What else would  you want!  

Join out telegram channel to not miss any 'The Hindu Article Of The Day (with Vocab, Grammar questions, cloze test etc based on that) 
@EnglishKendra


Let's begin now.. 

💢The Hindu Article Of The Day

Stage fright: On denying community transmission

(a) Even after the Health Ministry on March 28 acknowledges (b) on its website that there was (c) “limited community transmission”, (d) India’s national taskforce for COVID-19 continues to deny it. Now, a paper in the Indian Journal of Medical Research, by ICMR and Health Ministry researchers, provides _B_ of community transmission in 36 districts in 15 States. The study is based on _1_ surveillance undertaken by the task force among severe acute respiratory infections (SARI) patients who have been hospitalised in public sector institutions to identify the spread and the extent of transmission of COVID-19 disease in the community. 

If there were 1.9% (two of 106) SARI cases positive for the SARS-CoV-2 virus by the end of March third week, the number increased to 104 by April 2. Of the 102 coronavirus positive SARI cases tested between March 22 and April 2, 40 (39%) had no travel history or contact with a positive case; data on EXPOSURE were not available for 59 (58%) cases. If more than 1% of SARI patients tested positive for the virus in 15 States, at 21 (3.8%), Maharashtra had the most number of coronavirus positive SARI cases in eight districts followed by Delhi (14 cases; 5.1%), Gujarat (13 cases; 1.6%), and West Bengal (9 cases; 3.5%). Kerala had just one SARI patient testing positive. The authors point out that antibody-based testing CARRIED OUT in those testing negative for molecular test could have helped identify more positive cases.
With community transmission, or the third stage, now being confirmed in 36 districts, an expansion and change in testing strategy has become _3_ in the high focus areas for the lockdown to be more meaningful. 

(a) Though the taskforce has not openly declared community transmission, (b) it is reassuring to note that the ICMR has already (c) initiates changes in the testing strategy in response (d) to the change in the pattern of community spread. On April 9, the ICMR revised the testing strategy for hotspots/_2_ and large migration gatherings/evacuees centres. 

While the _A_ for testing across India remain the same, the testing norms for the high focus areas will now include people with influenza-like illness (ILI) with certain symptoms. Antibody testing should be carried out whenever molecular tests on these patients turn out negative. It is important to include antibody testing along with molecular testing when necessary in the high focus areas. Together with _4_ measures, this approach will help in snapping the transmission chain. _5_ surveillance of all SARI and ILI patients along with quick and effective tracing, _6_ and testing of their contacts should be the way forward now. How well India responds now will determine whether the spread is contained quickly or leads to more cases and deaths.

Choose the correct word to fill the blanks 1,2,3,4,5 and 6. 

Q.1 
a) decoy 
b) preserve 
c) traitor 
d) sentinel 
e) patrol 

Q.2 
a) clusters 
b) separate 
c) bundle 
d) individual 
e) scatter 

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Q.3
a) discretional 
b) inexorable 
c) indulgent 
d) trivial
e)  Imperative 

Q.4
a) spread 
b) stipulation 
c) containment 
d) relinquishment 
e) disorganisation 

Q.5
a) syndromictic 
b) syndromic 
c) syndromical 
d) syndroms 
e) syndrom 

Q.6
a) release 
b) quarantining 
c) detention 
d) combine 
e) capturing 

Q7. The first sentence of the first part of the passage has been divided into parts. One of these parts contain an error. Choose that part as an answer. Mark 'no error' as the answer if there's no error in the sentence.
1) a
2) b
3) c
4) d
5) No error

Q8. The first sentence of the third part of the passage has been divided into parts. One of these parts contain an error. Choose that part as an answer. Mark 'no error' as the answer if there's no error in the sentence.
1) a
2) b
3) c
4) d
5) No error

Q.9. Choose the word which correctly represents the word given below.

antibody

a) counteragent 
b) virus 
c) microorganism 
d) illness 
e) disease 

Q.10. Choose the word which correctly represents the word given below.

Surveillance


a) unobservable  
b) negligence 
c) Monitoring
d) neglect 
e) indifference 

Q. 11 Choose the word which correctly represents the word given below.

Exposure 


a) uncovered
b) concealment 
c) secret 
d) confession 
e) publicity 

Q.12. Choose the word which can be filled in the blank marked as A.

a) Criteria
b) deal with 
c) finish 
d) tackling 
e) end 

Q.13. Choose the word which can be filled in the blank marked as B.

a) recommendation 
b) counsel 
c) taskforce 
d) evidence
e) reckless 


Q.14-. Choose correct meaning for the word given in bold.

Evacuees 


a) refugee 
b) natives 
c) emigrant 
d) citizens
e)evaluatee

Q.15. Choose the word which shows the meaning of the word given in bold.

Carried Out 
a) assert
b) follow out 
c) execute 
d) go through
e) assimilate

💯Click here for the topic wise Study Notes (Noun to conjunction, question tag, conditional Sentences etc)  (with examples and handy tips) 

SOLUTION
1. Option (d) sentinel is the correct answer of the question. Sentinel (n) refers to "a person employed to watch for something to happened"  
and the word surveillance (n) which means 'close observation of a person, a group, or a thing' , correlate each other.   Other options can be easily eliminated based on their meaning :
a) decoy  - "a beguiler who leads someone into danger"
b) preserve- "protecting something or someone for future"
c) traitor- "someone who betrays his country"
e) patrol- "the activity of going around for security purpose"
Hence,  sentinel is the word that fits in the context appropriately and grammatically. 
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2. Option (a) clusters (n) "grouping of numbers" is the right answer. It fits more in the context. Whereas other words b) separate, c) single, d) individual 
e) scatter somehow represent an  individual or one person not the community.  

3. Option (e) Imperative (adj) is the correct choice as it means "some duty that is essential and urgent" 
Where as other options refer to 
a) discretional - "having or using the ability to act or decide" 
b) inexorable - "grim determination" 
c) indulgent - "allowing someday to have or do whatever he/she wants 
d) trivial - "small and of little importance" 

4. Option (c) containment (n) "keeping something from spreading" is a suitable choice  as the sentence is about stopping the spread of virus. Where as other options are either quite opposite or do not go well with the context. 
a) spread  - "to affect a larger area or a bigger group" 
b) stipulation- "an agreement or concession made by parties in a judicial proceeding" 
d) relinquishment - "the act of giving up or abandoning something" 
e) disorganisation "a condition in which an orderly system has been disrupted" 

5. (b) syndromic (adj) "pertaining to a syndrome" is the correct word as we need an adjective to fill the blank. Rest options can be easily eliminated.

6. Option (b) quarantining (participle) "isolation or staying alone" is the correct choice for the sentence. 

7. Option (a) has error. Replace acknowledges with acknowledged as the sentence is in past tense

8. Option (c) has error because initiates changes is grammatically incorrect. It should be 'initiate changes'. 

9. Counteragent
Rest options can be easily eliminated based on their meaning.

10)Monitoring 
Surveillance means close observation or monitoring of something. 

11)Uncovered,  Exposure means the condition of being uncovered, exposed. 

12) Criteria which means 'a standard by which an individual may be compared' fits in the context appropriately. 

13) Evidence which means 'facts or observations presented in support of an assertion' fits in the context appropriately. 

14. Option (a) a) refugee "an exile who flees for safety" is the correct replacement for the word evacuees (n) "a person who has been evacuated from a dangerous place" both of them share a similar meaning. 

15) Carry out - to execute or perform

💯Click here for the topic wise compilation of questions asked in SSC CGL 2019-2020 TIER 1  (with detailed solution) 


Complete Article

💢The Hindu Article Of The Day

Stage fright: On denying community transmission

Limiting transmission in hotspots depends on a wider tracing and testing strategy

Even after the Health Ministry on March 28 acknowledged on its website that there was “limited community transmission”, India’s national taskforce for COVID-19 continues to deny it. Now, a paper in the Indian Journal of Medical Research, by ICMR and Health Ministry researchers, provides evidence of community transmission in 36 districts in 15 States. The study is based on SENTINEL surveillance undertaken by the task force among severe ACUTE respiratory infections (SARI) patients who have been hospitalised in public sector institutions to identify the spread and the extent of transmission of COVID-19 disease in the community. If there were 1.9% (two of 106) SARI cases positive for the SARS-CoV-2 virus by the end of March third week, the number increased to 104 by April 2. Of the 102 coronavirus positive SARI cases tested between March 22 and April 2, 40 (39%) had no travel history or contact with a positive case; data on EXPOSURE were not available for 59 (58%) cases. If more than 1% of SARI patients tested positive for the virus in 15 States, at 21 (3.8%), Maharashtra had the most number of coronavirus positive SARI cases in eight districts followed by Delhi (14 cases; 5.1%), Gujarat (13 cases; 1.6%), and West Bengal (9 cases; 3.5%). Kerala had just one SARI patient testing positive. The authors point out that antibody-based testing CARRIED OUT in those testing negative for molecular test could have helped identify more positive cases.

 With community transmission, or the third stage, now being confirmed in 36 districts, an expansion and change in testing strategy has become IMPERATIVE in the high focus areas for the lockdown to be more meaningful. Though the taskforce has not openly declared community transmission, it is reassuring to note that the ICMR has already initiated changes in the testing strategy in response to the change in the pattern of community spread. On April 9, the ICMR revised the testing strategy for hotspots/clusters and large migration gatherings/evacuees centres. While the criteria for testing across India remain the same, the testing norms for the high focus areas will now include people with influenza-like illness (ILI) with certain symptoms. Antibody testing should be carried out whenever molecular tests on these patients turn out negative. It is important to include antibody testing along with molecular testing when necessary in the high focus areas. Together with CONTAINMENT measures, this approach will help in snapping the transmission chain. SYNDROMIC surveillance of all SARI and ILI patients along with quick and effective tracing, quarantining and testing of their contacts should be the way forward now. How well India responds now will determine whether the spread is contained quickly or leads to more cases and deaths.


💢Important words from the Article

  1.SENTINEL (n)-an indicator of the presence of disease.

 2.ACUTE (adj)-(of a disease) sudden and severe.

 3.EXPOSURE (n)-the state of having no protection from something harmful.

 4.CARRIED OUT (phrasal verb)-to complete or fulfil.

 5.IMPERATIVE (n)-an essential or urgent thing.अनिवार्य

 6.CONTAINMENT (n)-the action of keeping something harmful under control or within limits.रोकथाम

 7.SYNDROMIC (adj)- a group of symptoms that together are characteristic of a specific disorder, disease, or the like.





@EnglishKendra

Let's begin now.. 

💢The Hindu Article Of The Day

Trade in tatters: On the global slump

The only certainty right now in a pandemic-gripped world is the all-enveloping uncertainty. And the WTO __1__ as much when it released its outlook for global trade last week. Projecting merchandise trade to __2__ by anywhere between 13% and 32% in 2020, it added a categoric *CAVEAT*: at the moment, it is only able to posit a wide range of possible trajectories for the predicted decline in trade given the unprecedented nature of the health crisis caused by the COVID-19 outbreak and the uncertainty around its precise economic impact. 

Economists at the WTO, however,(a) /appear more certain that the disruption (b)/and resultant blow to trade will in all (c)/likelihood be far bad than the slump brought on by the global financial crisis of 2008.(d)/ As IMF Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva observed on April 9, the global economy is set to contract sharply in 2020, with “the lockdown needed to fight” the pandemic affecting billions worldwide. The tight __3__ on movement and social distancing norms across geographies have led to severe curbs on labour supply, transport and travel and the shuttering of whole sectors from hotels and non-essential retail to tourism and significant parts of manufacturing. The WTO expects all regions, save Africa, West Asia and the Commonwealth of Independent States, to suffer double-digit declines in exports and imports this year even under its “optimistic scenario”, which postulates a recovery starting in the second half.

 The WTO and the IMF chief have pointed(a)/ to the fact that unlike the recession that (b)/accompany the global financial crisis just over a decade ago,(c)/ the current downturn is unique(d)/.Global supply chains have increased in complexity, especially in industries such as electronics and automotive products, making them particularly vulnerable to the current disruptions, with countries that are a part of these value linkages set to find trade more severely impacted. Also, services trade — in which India has a higher global share as an exporter ($214 billion, or 3.5%, in 2019) than in merchandise exports — may be significantly affected by the transport and travel curbs. A small *SLIVER* of silver in this __4__ outlook for services trade is the role that the WTO sees for information technology services as companies try to enable employees to work from home and people order essentials and drugs online and socialise remotely. India’s IT exporters have been busy supporting their overseas clients’ business continuity plans in the face of the pandemic and may find this hand-holding at a time of dire need earning them loyalty-linked business when economic activity revives. Still, as the WTO chief, Roberto Azevêdo, crucially observes, a __5__ in global economic activity will require trade to flow freely across borders as vitally as any fiscal or monetary stimulus. The world will be best served if nations do not turn *INSULAR* and erect new barriers to the movement of goods, services and people in the aftermath of the pandemic.


Direction (1-5) - Choose the most appropriate word among the given options to fill the blanks 1,2,3,4 and 5.

Q.1
a)manipulated
b)corporated
c)correcting
d)infiltrated
e)acknowledged


Q.2
a)rise
b)arise
c)raise
d)plummet
e)raised

Q.3

a)misconception 

b)perception 

c)intention

d)restrictions 

e)integration 



Q.4

a)drizzling 

b)presenting 

c) praiseworthy 

d)coarser 

e)bleak


Q.5
a)regression 
b)caveat
c)penetration 
d)rebound
e)redundant

💯Click here for the topic wise Study Notes (Noun to conjunction, question tag, conditional Sentences etc)  (with examples and handy tips) 


Q.6 The first sentence of the second paragraph of the passage has been divided into four parts.One of these parts contain an error .Choose that part as your answer.Mark 'no error' as your answer if there is no error in the sentence.
1)a
2)b
3)c
4)d
5) No error


Q.7 The first sentence of the third paragraph of the passage has been divided into four parts.One of these parts contain an error .Choose that part as your answer.Mark 'no error' as your answer if there is no error in the sentence.
1)a
2)b
3)c
4)d
5) No error

Q.8 Choose the word which correctly represents the word given below.

CAVEAT
a)property 
b)feature

c) praiseworthy 

d)warning 

e)dull


Q.9 Choose the word which correctly represents the word given below.



SLIVER

a)cut-off
b)character

c) slice 

d)mole 

e)brightness


Q.10 Choose the word which correctly represents the word given below.

INSULAR
a)sane 
b)insane

c) toggle 

d)standoffish

e)extreme


💯Click here for the topic wise Study Notes (Noun to conjunction, question tag, conditional Sentences etc)  (with examples and handy tips) 

SOLUTION 

1) Acknowledge meaning 'to recognize as a fact or truth',fits in the context appropriately.Rest options can be eliminated based on their 'out of context' meaning or parts of speech.
To fill the blank we need v2 ,so option c gets rejected here. Rest options meaning-
Manipulated - to influence or control someone in order to achieve a specific purpose.
Corporated -unified into one body
Infiltrated - to surreptitiously penetrate,enter or gain access.
Hence,'acknowledged' is the only word among the given options that goes well with the context. 
We recommend you go through - 


💯Click here to download the pdf of 400 Most important previous year vocabulary asked in SSC CGL CHSL CPO exams   (This compilation has been prepared by experts and you can download it 

2) Plummet meaning 'a decline/fall,fits in the context appropriately. Rest options can be easily eliminated as they contradict the context.



3) Restrictions meaning 'regulations that restrict',fits in the context appropriately. Rest options can be easily eliminated based on their 'out of context ' meaning.


4) Bleak meaning 'dull',fits in the context appropriately. 



5) Rebound meaning 'an effort to recover from a setback',fits in the context appropriately. Rest options can be eliminated based on their 'out of context' meaning or parts of speech.
To fill the blank ,we need a noun.Redundant meaning 'superfluous' can't be used as it's an adjective.
Let's take a look at other options meanings to understand how they are out of context.
Regression- an action of travelling back in time;an act of regressing.
Caveat - a warning
Penetration-the act of penetrating something. 
Hence,rebound is the only word among the given options that goes well with the context. 

6) d, Replace 'bad' with worse as it's a comparison.

7)c,  Replace 'accompany' with accompanied as the given sentence is in past tense.
8) Caveat - a warning

9) Sliver - slice,splinter


10) Insular - reserved,standoffish;having little interaction.
Click here to attempt Practice Set- 1 of English Series (Error detection, fillers, Parajumbles, phrase replacement, Cloze test) (new pattern) with detailed solution for SBI Clerk Mains 2020

Complete Article

💢The Hindu Article Of The Day

Trade in tatters: On the global slump

The only certainty right now in a pandemic-gripped world is the all-enveloping uncertainty. And the WTO acknowledged as much when it released its outlook for global trade last week. Projecting MERCHANDISE trade to PLUMMET by anywhere between 13% and 32% in 2020, it added a categoric CAVEAT: at the moment, it is only able to posit a wide range of possible trajectories for the predicted decline in trade given the unprecedented nature of the health crisis caused by the COVID-19 outbreak and the uncertainty around its precise economic impact. Economists at the WTO, however, appear more certain that the disruption and resultant blow to trade will in all likelihood be far worse than the SLUMP BROUGHT ON by the global financial crisis of 2008. As IMF Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva observed on April 9, the global economy is set to contract sharply in 2020, with “the lockdown needed to fight” the pandemic affecting billions worldwide. The tight restrictions on movement and social distancing norms across geographies have led to severe curbs on labour supply, transport and travel and the shuttering of whole sectors from hotels and non-essential retail to tourism and significant parts of manufacturing. The WTO expects all regions, save Africa, West Asia and the Commonwealth of Independent States, to suffer double-digit declines in exports and imports this year even under its “optimistic scenario”, which postulates a recovery starting in the second half.

 The WTO and the IMF chief have pointed to the fact that unlike the recession that accompanied the global financial crisis just over a decade ago, the current downturn is unique. Global supply chains have increased in complexity, especially in industries such as electronics and automotive products, making them particularly vulnerable to the current disruptions, with countries that are a part of these value linkages set to find trade more severely impacted. Also, services trade — in which India has a higher global share as an exporter ($214 billion, or 3.5%, in 2019) than in merchandise exports — may be significantly affected by the transport and travel curbs. A small SLIVER of silver in this BLEAK outlook for services trade is the role that the WTO sees for information technology services as companies try to enable employees to work from home and people order essentials and drugs online and socialise remotely. India’s IT exporters have been busy supporting their overseas clients’ business continuity plans in the face of the pandemic and may find this hand-holding at a time of dire need earning them loyalty-linked business when economic activity revives. Still, as the WTO chief, Roberto Azevêdo, crucially observes, a rebound in global economic activity will require trade to flow freely across borders as vitally as any fiscal or monetary stimulus. The world will be best served if nations do not turn INSULAR and erect new barriers to the movement of goods, services and people in the aftermath of the pandemic.

♏Important words from the Article 

 1.MERCHANDISE (n)-the commodities or goods that are bought and sold in business.व्यापार

 2.PLUMMET (v)-to go down in amount or value very quickly and suddenly.गिर जाना

 3.CAVEAT (n)-a warning or proviso of specific stipulations, conditions, or limitations.चेतावनी

 4.SLUMP (n)-a sudden severe or prolonged fall in the price, value, or amount of something.मंदी

 5.BROUGHT ON (phrasal verb)-to be the cause of.

 6.SLIVER (n)-a small, thin, narrow piece of something cut or split off a larger piece.टुकड़ा

 7.BLEAK (adj)-not giving much hope for the future.निराशाजनक

 8.INSULAR (adj)-interested only in your own country or group and not willing to accept different or foreign ideas or people.









Daily The Hindu Article (11/04/2020) with vocabulary, Cloze test, RC, Grammar questions based on the article (with detailed solution) Daily The Hindu Article (11/04/2020) with vocabulary,  Cloze test, RC, Grammar questions based on the article (with detailed solution) Reviewed by Admin on April 11, 2020 Rating: 5

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