Daily The Hindu Article (24/04/2020) with vocabulary, Cloze test, RC, Grammar questions based on the article (with detailed solution); RC based on The Hindu article;RC from The Hindu article(with detailed solution)
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💢The Hindu Article Of The Day
Rapid testing kits that State governments have been using to detect antibodies to the novel coronavirus have proved unreliable, making the shift to normal life after the lockdown ends on May 3 more difficult. Governments around the world have been looking for a/an __A__ blood test that can tell people if they have immunity through past COVID-19 infection, and can therefore return to their duties to kickstart the economy. X**While the diagnostic RT-PCR test to confirm the(a)/ presence of the virus using a nasal swab(b)/ in a laboratory setting is considered reliable, attempts to design a rapid test (c)/that use a blood sample to find antibodies after past infection have thrown up errors in as much as a third of cases(d) : a study in the U.K. showed that they were high on specificity — accurate in cases that they found to be antibody positive. But they still missed about 30% of positive cases, showing low sensitivity. This is the phenomenon __B__ India, which has imported several hundred thousand rapid testing kits, and its experience is shared by the U.S., U.K., Spain and other countries. Rajasthan had laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 positive cases not being detected by rapid testing kits. Several States have independently ordered thousands of kits, mainly from China, and are in a __C__.
The ICMR has advised States, to whom it distributed kits, that they could be used for surveillance testing, rather than to make medically important decisions. Y**Narrowing down the test to reliable(a) / methods is the challenge, and the WHO along (b) /with its collaborating centres are (c) /working to identify them(d) . The results will be crucial and all countries, including the U.S. White House Coronavirus Task Force, are looking at SEROSURVEILLANCE, the process that will determine the status of the population on COVID-19. An exit from lockdown and other public health measures depend on such testing. India should remain focused on identifying tests that work well. This requires close __D__ with efforts launched by diagnostics regulators in the U.S., Europe and China who have used emergency provisions to allow early use of kits; the kits themselves are under evaluation. There are reports indicating that some vendors of rapid testing devices in China have run __E__ of regulators in that country since they have no prior expertise in the field. Making purchase decisions, therefore, calls for RIGOROUS review. In the immediate context, the message should go out to States that rapid tests cannot substitute for RT-PCR to diagnose infection. It is by no means clear that antibodies developed in response to COVID-19 provide long-term protection against reinfection. Yet, a good test to certify a large section of the population as having developed immunity seems to be a promising tool to reopen the economy with some confidence.
In the given passage, some words have been omitted. Choose the words that make the passage meaningful.
Q1. Select the word that can be filled in the blank A to make the passage meaningful.
Q2. Select the word that can be filled in the blank B to make the passage meaningful.
Q3. Select the word that can be filled in the blank C to make the passage meaningful.
Q4. Select the word that can be filled in the blank D to make the passage meaningful.
Q5. Select the word that can be filled in the blank E to make the passage meaningful.
Q6. According to passage,which of the following phenomena/phenomenon is/are worrying India?
A.Attempts to design a rapid test that uses a blood sample to find antibodies after past infection have thrown up errors in as much as a third of cases: a study in the U.K. showed that they were high on specificity — accurate in cases that they found to be antibody positive. But they still missed about 30% of positive cases, showing low sensitivity.
B. India has imported several hundred thousand rapid testing kits from China.
C.diagnostic RT-PCR test to confirm the presence of the virus using a nasal swab in a laboratory setting is considered unreliable.
a)Only A is correct
b)Only C is correct
c)A and B are correct
d)B and C are correct
e)A and C are correct
c)tracking blood serum
d)monitoring of soluble particles in blood serum
e)none of the above