English Grammar Notes

Frequently asked grammar rules in SSC CGL CHSL part 2

PART 2 of the Compilation of frequently asked ERROR DETECTION RULES/GRAMMAR RULES in SSC CGL CPO CHSL Exams  


💯Click here for the PART 1 

 
VERB
 

RULE – when two or more subjects are joined by  ” as well as, like, unlike, besides, in addition to, and not , with, together with, along with, rather than, no less than, except, nothing but, the verb is used according to the first subject. 
Note – Questions based on this rule are asked every year. 

Along with-


Questions Asked

Q. (1)My brother, along with his friends/ (2) have gone to watch a movie/ (3)at the nearest cinema hall./(4)No Error.                      [CPO 2016 (PT)]

Solution : 2
 
Q. The child along with his parents were waiting for the programme to begin.
1.along with his parents
2.were waiting for the
3.The child
4.programme to begin
                                                                                    [CGL 2018 (PT)]
Solution : 2
Was in place of were.
 

Q. The Captain along with (1)/ his team has been (2)/ invited to the function. (3)/ No error (4)               
                                                                                 [CGL 2017 (PT)]
Solution : 4


As well as-


Questions Asked
 
Q. The match is about to begin since the captain as well as the team are on the field.
1.are on the field
2.The match is about to begin
3.since the captain
4.as well as the team                              
                                                                           [CGL 2018 (PT)]
Solution :1
 
 
Q. The members of the victorious football team as well as the captain was congratulated.
1. victorious football team
2. The member of the
3. was congratulated
4. as well as the captain
                                                                           [CHSL(10+2) 2018]
Solution : 3 (were in place of was)

Q. Vegetables as well as fruits (1)/ have fallen considerably (2)/ in prices in recent days. (3)/ No error (4)          

                                                                          [CPO 2017]
Solution : 4

 

️RULE – Perfect Participle 
(Having +  v3)    Vs  (Having been +v3) 
(Having + v3) is used when it qualifies  doer of the sentence  while (Having been + v3) is used when it qualifies non-doer of the sentence. 
Handy Tip – If the clause following the perfect participle is in passive voice,we use having been+v3, otherwise having +v3. 

Example-
Having typed the letter, it was posted. ❌
Having typed the letter, I posted it. ✔️

 

Having been typed the letter, it was posted. ✔️

‘It was posted’ is in passive voice,  hence we will use having been +v3. ‘I posted it’ is in active voice,hence we will use having +v3



Questions Asked

Q. Having just taking a heavy lunch, she was not ready to have any fruit.
1.to have any fruit.
2.taking a heavy
3.Having just
4.she was not ready                               
                                                                  
 [CGL 2018 (PT)]
Solution : 2
Use ‘taken’ in place of ‘taking’.It is the case of perfect participle. So V3 will be used after ‘having’.


Gerund-

Q. I always enjoy (1)/ to read (2)/ books. (3)/ No error (4)
                                                                                                            

[CGL 2016 (PT)]
Solution : 2
Reading
The verb ‘Enjoy’ is used with gerund. 
💯Click here for the study notes on VERB (contains all the important rules based on Verb with correct and incorrect forms of sentences) 

Q. Visitors to the zoo (1)/ are amused by the monkeys (2)/ play in the cages. (3)/ No error (4)                                             [CHSL 2016-17]

Solution : 3 (playing)

 

Q. On a rainy day (1)/ I enjoy to watch TV (2)/ with a hot cup of tea. (3)/ No error (4)
                                                                        [MTS 2014]
Solution : 2
Watching in place of ‘to watch’
 
A many/ A great many/ Many a-
 
Q. Great many students who are good at other subjects perform poorly in English
1. perform poorly
2. in English
3. who are good at
4. Great many students                          
 [CHSL (10+2) 2018]

Solution : 4
Add ‘a’ before great many
A great many = a large number of 

Q. Many a man (1)/ have realized (2)/ the real happiness lies in making sacrifices. (3)/ No error (4)                                                                                                                                                        [MTS 2014]

Solution : 2 (has)

Q. After 70 years of independence many (1)/ socio – economic problems is still (2)/ remaining to be solved in India. (3)/ No error (4)                                                                                                              [CPO 2017]

Solution : 4

Check out rule no. 5 to learn the correct usage of ‘many a.. ‘and ‘more than one..’



ADVERB

No Sooner, Than-


◾RULE – No sooner should be followed by ‘than’ not by ‘but’ or ‘then’.

Hardly and scarcely should be followed by ‘When’ or ‘Before’, but not by ‘Than’ or ‘That’.

Note – Questions based on this rule are asked every year. 

 

Q. He’d no sooner (1) /seen one continent (2)/ when he saw another (3)/ No error (4).
                                                                
  [CGL 2016 (PT)]
Solution : 3
 
Q. No sooner did he see the tiger when he ran as fast as he could.
1.no sooner did
2.he see the tiger
3.when he ran
4.as fast as he could
                                                                   
[CGL 2018 (PT)]
Solution : 3
Use ‘than’ in place of ‘when’. 
Q. No sooner did the comedian begin his act when the audience roared with laughter
1. the comedian begin
2. No sooner did
3. when the audience
4. roared with laughter                                                                                                                                                          
[CHSL (10+2) 2018]
Solution : 3
Use ‘than’ in place of ‘when’ 
 
Q. No sooner did the sun rise (1)/ when we resumed the journey(2)/ after having a hasty breakfast. (3)/ No error (4)                                                                                                                          [CGL 2017(PT)]

Solution : 2



Hardly/ Scarcely, when-

Q. Scarcely had he gone (1)/ than I remembered (2)/ his name (3)/ No error (4)
                                                                 
 [CGL 2016 ]
Solution : 2 (when)
Q. They can’t hardly believe that Article 370 is no longer valid in Jammu and Kashmir. 
1. is no longer valid
2. in Jammu and Kashmir.
3. that Article 370
4. They can’t hardly believe
                                                             
  [CGL 2018]
Solution : 4 
Hardly itself conveys negative meaning, so it is not used in a negative sentence. 

Q. Scarcely had (1)/ the function started (2)/ than it begun to rain.(3)/ No error (4)

                                                              
 [CGL 2013 (mains)]
Solution : 3

Q. Hardly had I reached the (1)/ exhibition where i learnt (2)/ about the major robbery. (3)/ No error (4)                                                                                                                                                          [CGL 2017]

Solution :2 (replace where with when)

Hardly had he left (1)/ the stadium than it behan (2)/ to rain heavily (3)/ No error (4)                                                  [CPO 2017]


Solution : 2 (when/before)
 

 

Q. I could scarcely think (1)/ what i was saying, (2)/ or what was being said to me. (3)/ No error (4)                              [CHSL 2016-17]

Solution : 4
 




PREPOSITION 

 
Between/ Among –

Q. The main purpose of the visit (1)/ is to develop a close relationship (2)/ among the two countries. (3)/ No error. (4)                                                                                                                        [CGL 2016 (PT)]

Solution : 3

Q. Having found a piece of cheese, (1)/ two cats went to a dog (2)/ to divide it among them. (3)/ No error (4)                                                                                                                                              [CGL 2013 (PT)]
Solution : 3


Q. The stock was (1)/ divided among (2)/ the two brothers (3)/ No error (4)                                                                       [CHSL 2016-17]

Solution : 2 (between)

Q. Several great battles (1)/ took place among (2)/ the British and the Americans (3)/ No error (4)
  
                                                           [CHSL 2016-17]
Solution : 2 (between)


FIXED PREPOSITIONS
 
Q. Not complying by any of the laws can land you into serious trouble.
1.Not complying by
2.any of the laws
3.into serious trouble
4.can land you
                                                              [CGL 2018 (PT)]
Solution : 1
Use ‘with’ in place of ‘by’. 
Comply generally takes preposition ‘with’ 
Comply with – to act in accordance with. 

💯Click here for the compilation of frequently asked PREPOSITIONS  

Q. The Japanese artist Yoh Nagao was busy splashing the wall from colours.

1.splashing the wall
2.was busy
3.from colours
4.The Japanese artist                            
   [CGL 2018 (PT)]
 
Solution : 3
‘with’ in place of ‘from’

Q. On Saturday Rahul visited his professor to whom he had an appointment.
1. to whom he had
2. Rahul visited his professor
3. an appointment
4. on Saturday
                                                                
 [CHSL (10+2) 2018]
Solution : 1
With whom
 
Q. The principal was extremely angry on the boys who threw pieces of chalk at the teacher.
1 at the teacher
2 extremely angry on the boys
3 who threw the pieces of chalk
4 the principal was                                        [CPO 2018]

Solution : 2
Use ‘With’ in place of ‘on’
 
Q. I jumped (1)/ with the opportunity(2)/ of going to Kashmir. (3)/ No error (4)                                                                  [CHSL (10+2) 2015]
Solution : 2 (jumped at)

 


Superfluous Expressions-

Q. He was (1)/ very kind enough (2)/ to invite me. (3)/ No error (4)                                                                                             [CGL 2016 (PT)]

Solution : 2
Remove ‘very’ 

Q. The trek is difficult (1)/ but it is far worth (2)/ the endeavour (3)/ No error (4)
                                                                   [CGL 2016 (PT)]
Solution : 2  (remove far)

Q They will (1)/ leave the office at six and (2)/ reach at home by seven (3)/ No error. (4)                                                                                                                                                                                         [CGL 2016 (mains)]
Solution : 3 (remove at)
Q. He is more smarter than his brother though he does not earn much money.
1.than his brother
2.He is more smarter
3.much money
4.though he does not earn
                                                                
   [CGL 2018 (PT)]
Solution : 2
Remove more. It’s superfluous. 
Q. They made her as the Chairperson of their bank. 
1. No error
2. as the Chairperson
3. of their bank.
4. They made her
                                                                   [CGL 2018 (PT)]
Solution : 2
Remove as
QQ Our nation can make significant growth but if we all work collectively.
1. but if we all
2. make significant growth
3. our nation can
4. work collectively
                                                               
  [CHSL (10+2) 2018]
Solution : 1                                              
Remove but. It’s superfluous 

Q. Being very late, Manoj (1)/ could not return back (2)/ from Meerut last night. (3)/ No error (4)                                                                                                                                                                            [MTS 2014]

Solution :2 (omit back)

Q The students were (1)/ awaiting for (2)/ the arrival of the chief guest. (3)/ No error (4)

                                                                 [CGL 2013(mains)]
Solution : 2 (omit for)
 


Conjunction

Unless/Until-

◾RULE – Until/unless is already negative in sense, Hence it is not used with a negative sentence. 
 
Q. “Unless you did not do your homework you will be punished,” said the teacher.
1.said the teacher.
2.do you homework
3.you will be punished
4.Unless you did not                               
  [CGL 2018 (PT)]
 
Solution : 4
Unless itself has a negative meaning, so it’s not used in negative sentence. 
 
 
Q. Most disputes can be solved amicably unless they are not rigid
1.Most disputes
2.can be solved amicable
3.unless one are
4.not rigid
                                                                   
 [CGL 2018 (PT)]
Solution :4
Remove not.

Q. My friend will not come (1)/ to attend this marriage (2)/ unless he is not invited.(3)/ No error (4)                               [CPT 2015 (PT)]


Solution : 3 (remove not)

Q. Unless you don’t obey(1)/ your elders you (2)/ will not succeed in your life (3)/ No error (4)                                            [CGL 2017(PT)]


Solution :1 

Q. Unless you do not (1)/ give up bad haibits (2)/ you wil suffer. (3)/ No error (4)                                                                [CPO 2017]

Solution : 1(remove not)


CONJUNCTION


RULE –  Two Conjunctions should not be used in the same sentence.

Although she was tired, but she still went on working.❌

 Although she was tired, she still went on working.✔️

⚫ RULE –  ‘Both’ should be followed by ‘and’. It should be used in the positive sense. In the negative sense, ‘neither’ ….. .’nor, should be used in place of ‘both’.


Both Rohit as well as Rohan were present there.❌
Both Rohit and Rohan were present there.✔️

 

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