🔘Conditional Sentences for SSC, BANK and other exams
Learning correct usage and formation of conditional sentences is of utmost importance when it comes to SSC, BANK (SBI, IBPS) and other exams. It’s important for general speaking as well.
There are mainly 4 types of conditional sentences and fifth one is a derived one. Let’s discuss them one by one in detail..
1) Zero conditional sentences
It expresses general truths or situations in which one thing always causes another. When we use a zero conditional sentence, we are talking about a general truth rather than a specific instance of something.In such case we prefer to use simple present tense in both of the clauses.
How to identify Zero conditional sentences?
Handy tip – Statement shows general truths /scientific facts and the condition always has the same result.
Structure – Both clauses – simple present tense.
If you go out in the rain, you will get wet. ❌
If you go out in the rain, you would get wet. ❌
If you go out in the rain, you get wet.✔️
If you put your hands in the fire, you would get burns. ❌
If you put your hands in the fire, you get burns. ✔️
If you eat lots of fresh fruits and vegetables, you would become healthier. ❌
If you eat lots of fresh fruits and vegetables, you become healthier. ✔️
2) First conditional sentences
First conditional sentence starting with ‘if’ clause, is used to express situations in which the outcome is likely (but not guaranteed) to happen in the future.We use simple present tense in if clause and simple future tense in the main clause.
Handy tip – Statement shows a possible situation in the future and it’s likely result in the future.
Structure – If clause – simple present
Main clause – simple future
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If I win the lottery , I would buy a new car. ❌
If I win the lottery , I will buy a new car. ✔️2)
If you study dedicatedly, you would pass the exam. ❌
If you study dedicatedly, you will pass the exam. ✔️
If it rains cats and dogs, I would cancel the meeting. ❌
If it rains cats and dogs, I will cancel the meeting. ✔️
3) TYPE 2 CONDITIONAL
Type 2 conditional refers to a hypothetical situation and its probable result.In such case we use (would +verb) in the main clause and the past tense in the subordinate clause(hypothetical part).
How to identify TYPE 2 conditional sentences?
Handy tip – Statement shows a hypothetical /unlikely situation and it’s probable results. It’s not the actual situation.
Structure – subordinate clause(hypothetical part) – past tense
Main clause – would +verb
1) If I were a bird, I would fly in the sky. ✔️
2) If I were you, I had bought that bungalow. ❌
If I were you, I would buy that bungalow. ✔️
3) If I had a lot of money, I will stay in five-star hotels. ❌
If I had a lot of money, I would stay in five-star hotels. ✔️
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4) Third conditional sentences
Third conditional sentences are used to explain that present circumstances would be different if something different had happened in the past.
We use (had +past participle) in if clause and (would+ have +past participle) in the main clause.
1) If you had studied harder, you would have passed the exam. ✔️
2) If I had known you were sick, I would have visited you in the hospital. ✔️
3) If she had not been ill, she would have gone to the party. ✔️
5) For a hypothesis about present or future, we use would in the main clause and the past tense in a sub ordinate clause.
I would always help someone, If they really need it. ❌
I would always help someone, If they really needed it. ✔️
(Motive of this translation – letting English flow in your veins and make preparation of English interesting and easier.)
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