🔷Passages/ Reading comprehension asked in Bank exam /(SBI CLERK) exam
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PASSAGE 3 (This passage has been asked in SBI Clerk exam(Based on memory) (detailed solution has been provided, Scroll down the page for the detailed solution)
The e-waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2016, amended vide notification G. S. R.261 (E) dated Mar 22, 2018. It came into force in May, 2018. The updated rules have the potential to turn a growing problem into a developmental opportunity. The focus must be on sincere and efficient implementation. Only decisive action can reduce the pollution and health costs associated with India’s hazardous waste recycling industry. If India can achieve a transformation, it will be creating a whole new employment sector that provides good wages and working conditions for tens of thousands.
The legacy response of the states to even the basic law on urban waste, the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, has been one of indifference, many cities continue to simply burn the garbage or dump it in lakes. With the emphasis now on segregation of waste at source and recovery of materials, it should be feasible to implement both sets of rules efficiently. A welcome feature of the new e-waste rules is the emphasis on extended producer responsibility. In other words, producers must take responsibility for the disposal of end-of-life products. For this provision to work, they must ensure that consumers who sell scrap get some form of financial incentive.
The task of scientifically disposing a few hundred thousand tonnes of trash electronics annually depends heavily on a system of oversight by State Pollution Control Boards (PCBs). Unfortunately, most PCBs remain unaccountable and often lack the resources for active enforcement.
It must be pointed out that, although agencies handling e-waste must obtain environmental clearances and be authorised and registered by the PCBs even under the Hazardous Wastes (Management, Handling and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2011, there has been little practice impact. Over 95% of electronic waste is collected and recycled by the informal sector. The way forward is for the, PCBs to be made accountable for enforcement of the e-waste rules and the levy of penalties under environmental laws. Clearly, the first order priority is to create a system that will absorb the 80000-strong workforce in the informal sector into the proposed scheme for scientific recycling. Facilities must be created to upgrade the skills of these workers through training and their occupational health must be ensured.
Recycling of e-waste is one of the biggest challenges today. In such a time, when globalization and information technology are growing at a pace which could only be imagined few years back, e-waste and its hazards have become more prominent over a period of time and should be given immediate attention.
1) What according to the passage is important now for e-waste management?
a) Making rules
b) Reviewing rules
c) Implementing rules
d) Notifying rules
e) Amending rules
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2) Which of the following can be one of the by-products of effective e-waste management?
a) India can guide other countries in doing so
b) It will promote international understanding
c) It will promote national integration
d) It will create a new employment sector
e) It will further empower judiciary
3) “Both sets of rules ” is being referred to which of the following?
a) Solid Wastes and Hazardous Wastes
b) e-waste and Hazardous waste
c) Solid waste and e-waste
d) e-waste and e-production
e) Solid waste and recycling waste
4) which of the following will help implement “both sets of rules “?
a) Employment opportunities
b) International collaboration
c) Financial incentive
d) Segregation of waste at source
e) Health costs
5) The updated e-waste Rules came/come into force from
a) 2018 b) 2009
c) 2010 d) 2011
6) Which of the following is true in the context of the passage?
a) No city dumps its waste in lakes
b) Some cities burn garbage
c) PCBs have adequate resources for active enforcement
d) e-waste was a much bigger challenge in the past
e) None of the above
7) Which of the following is not true in the context of the passage?
a) some form of financial incentive is recommended for the producers
b) some financial incentive is recommended for the consumers
c) e-waste will be a few hundred thousand tonnes
d) The agencies handling handling e-waste have to obtain environmental clearances
e) Those involved in e-waste management would need to upgrade their skills
It is clearly mentioned in the first part of the passage ‘now focus should be on the implementation of the rules’.
Among the given options, d is the most suitable choice and it has been mentioned in the first part of the passage.
“If India can achieve a transformation, it will be creating a whole new employment sector”.Hence we will go with option d
It has been mentioned in the second part of the passage.
It is clearly mentioned in the second part of the passage. “With the emphasis now on segregation of waste at source and recovery of materials, it should be feasible to implement both sets of rules efficiently”.
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5) a,it is clearly mentioned in the first part of the paragraph.
b is the most suitable choice.
‘some form of financial incentive is recommended for the producers’
is not mentioned anywhere in the passage.
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