English Grammar Notes

frequently asked English grammar rules in SSC CGL CHSL;Grammar rules for SSC CGL PDF

grammar rules for ssc cgl pdf,english grammar rules pdf for ssc cgl

Grammar rules for SSC CGL PDF;English grammar rules pdf for SSC CGL

Grammar rules for SSC CGL PDF;English grammar rules pdf for SSC CGL

We all are aware of the repetitive nature of SSC exams. There are some definite grammar rules which are  frequently asked in SSC exams. This compilation containing list of the major grammar rules which are asked frequently in SSC exams, has been prepared by the experts of EK . Each rule is supplemented with the previous year questions.
Do check out other posts as well. Each and every post has been prepared by the experts of EK keeping in mind the pattern and demand of SSC exams. 

◼️Let’s talk about frequently asked grammar rules in SSC CGL CHSL exams :

1) QUESTION TAG-

️RULE – If the sentence starts with ‘let us’ ,the question tag used is as follows 
Statement with       subject of tag
Let

Let us                         shall we           
Let him/her               will you
Let them                    will you

Let’s go to the party,don’t we?

Let’s go to the party,shall we?

Check out rule no. 5 


Questions Asked

Q. Let’s go for a walk, do we?                             [CPO 2016 (PT)]
1. aren’t we
2. shall we
3. don’t we
4. no improvement  
                                                
Solution : 2

️RULE – Some words are negative in meaning.ex- hardly,scarcely,seldom,rarely,barely etc.Hence they take positive question tag after them.
 
Q. College girls seldom wear (1)/ sarees these days (2)/ do they? (3)/ No error (4)
                                                                       [CGL 2013(mains)]
Solution : 4

Some simple and easy questions Asked

Q. You have been working very hard (1)/ for the past two years (2)/ isn’t it? (3)/ No error (4)
                                                                     
 [CGL 2016 (mains)]
Solution : 3 (haven’t you)

Q. Mr. Mukherjee knows ten languages, isn’t it?

1. doesn’t Mukherjee
2. No improvement
3. hasn’t he
4. doesn’t he                                                 [SSC CGL 2015 ]

Solution : 4


Q.The collector (1)/ visits the office regularly(2)/ Isn’t it ? (3)/ No error (4)                                           
                              

[CHSL (10+2) 2014]

Solution : 3
 

 

 

2) CONDITIONAL SENTENCES-

️RULE – First conditional sentences
 
First conditional sentence starting with ‘if’ clause,  is used to express situations in which the outcome is likely (but not guaranteed) to happen in the future.We use simple present tense in if clause and simple future tense in the main clause. 


Q. If I join a software company I am getting a good deal of experience.
1 if I join
2 a software company
3 I am getting
4 a good deal of experience
                                                                   
  [SSC CPO 2018]
Solution : 3
‘Will get’ in place of ‘am getting’ as it’s a first conditional sentence. 
 
 
Q. If you will finish your homework I (1)/ will give you (2)/ an ice cream (3)/ No error.
                                                                 
    [CPO 2017]
Solution : 1 (omit will)
◾RULE – TYPE 2 CONDITIONAL
Type 2 conditional refers to a hypothetical situation and its probable result.In such case we use (would +v1)  in the main clause and the simple past tense(were/had) in the subordinate clause(hypothetical part).
Examples – If I had money, I would buy a bungalow in Mumbai. ✔️
If I were a bird, I would fly in the sky. ✔️


⚫Note – In Type 2 conditional , we usually use ‚”were” even if the pronoun is I, he, she or it. 


Questions Asked

Q. If I Were the President (1)/ I would award (2)/ you a title. (3)/ No error.(4)    
                                                                     
 [ SSC CGL 2016 ]
Solution : 4


️RULE – Third conditional sentences 
Third conditional sentences are used to explain that present circumstances would be different if something different had happened in the past.
We use (had +past participle) in if clause and (would+ have +past participle) in the main clause. 
Note – Every year, questions based on this rule are definitely asked. 

Questions Asked


Q. If you had (1)/ told me earlier (2)/ i will help you (3)/ No error.                                                                                                
 [CGL 2017(PT)]
Solution : 3
The error is in 3
Correct sentence is “If you had told me earlier I would have helped you.” 
 
Q. Had she not known (1)/ about it she should (2)/ have stayed longer. (3)/ No error (4)
                                                                      [CPO 2017]
Solution : 2 (replace should by would )

Q. If I had remembered (1)/ this it will have (2)/ prevented some mistakes (3)/ No error (4)                                                      [CHSL 2016-17]

Solution : 2 (it would have)


 
It is time/high time-

️RULE – It’s time or it’s high time expression is used to express that something is already late and one must do it now. 
Structure – It’s time/It’s high time + subject + V2

Questions AskedQ. It is high time (1)/ we renovate (2)/ our old house. (3)/ No error (4)                                                                                      [CGL 2013(mains)]
Solution : 2

Renovated

Q. It is time (1)/ we should accept all our people as equals (2)/ and as partners in the task of building a strong and united nation. (3)/ No error (4)                                                                                       [CGL 2014(PT)]


Solution : 2
Use accepted in place of should accept



3) NOUN-

Compound Noun and hyphenated Noun.
 
️RULE  – Hyphenated noun does not have a plural form.

️RULE – Nouns expressing number are used in singular form, with numeral adjectives. 

Example – 

sheetal gave me five dozens pens. 
Sheetal gave me five dozen pens. 


Check out rule no. 6 and 7
Questions Asked
 
Q. I had a hard time paying the driver as I had only hundreds rupee note.
1.paying the driver
2.only hundreds rupee note
3.I had a hard time
4.as I had                                          
[CGL 2018 ]

Solution : 2
‘hundred rupee notes’ is the correct usage. 

 

 

Q. I asked the shopkeeper (1)/ “Do you have change (2)/ for a five hundred rupees note ?” (3)/ No error (4)     
                                                             
  [CHSL 2016-17] 
Solution : 3 (rupee)

 

 

Q. The factory complex houses a shop-floor (1)/ and 10 cubicles for the staff in an area (2)/ of about thousand squares meters. (3)/ No error (4)                                                                                         [CHSL 2016-17]
Solution : 3 (square)

️RULE – Numerical words like hundred, lakh etc are not used in plural form when there is a number before it and a noun after it. 



Example – Two lakhs people attended the parade.❌Two lakh people attended the parade. ✔️
Lakhs of people attended the parade. ✔️

 

 

Questions Asked
 
Q. Three lakhs of people (1)/attended the workshop (2)/ held in Ramleela ground (3)/ No error (4)
                                                               
   [CPO 2017]
Solution : 1 (three lakh people)

 

4) PRONOUN-

Rule 1  – When the subject of a verb is the receiver of the action , the action is said to be reflected. Such verbs are used reflexively. 

I enjoyed during (1)/ my tenure (2)/ at Shimla. (3)/ No error (4)                                                                                           

 [CGL 2016]
Solution : 1 (enjoyed myself)

Tip – If ‘enjoy’ is used without object, it takes reflexive pronoun.
I enjoyed the party.✔️ 
(party – object) 


I enjoyed in the party. ❌
I enjoyed myself in the party. ✔️
(As there is no object, so ‘enjoy’ will be used reflexively.) 


️RULE – Generally reflexive pronoun can’t be subject of a sentence. 

Questions Asked


Myself and Roshni (1)/ will take care of (2)/ the event on Sunday (3)/ No error (4)                                                               [CGL 2017(PT)]

Solution: 1 
Use I in place of ‘myself’
 

RULE – Neither,  Either, None, Anyone, Each, Every used as pronoun or adjective, should be followed by third person singular verbs.

Note – Every year, questions based on this rule is definitely asked. 

Questions Asked
 
Q. (1)Each of the girls/ (2) in my class/ (3) sing well/ (4) No error.                                                                                           
[CPO 2016 (PT)]

Solution : 3


Q. Each one of his sisters (1)/ were (2)/ hardworking. (3)/ No error (4)     
                                                           
   [CGL 2016 (mains)]
Solution : 2
 
Q. Each of the girls have given an impressive dance performance.
1.have given
2.Each of the girls
3.an impressive
4.dance performance
                                                             
  [CGL 2018 (PT)]
Solution : 1
‘Has’ in place of  ‘have’ 

 
Q. Each of the pictures have been signed by the football stars
1. have been
2. each of
3. the pictures
4. signed by
                                                             [CHSL(10+2) 2018]
Solution : 1
Has been

Q. Each person hold it (1)/ in trust from god to promote (2)/ the good of mankind (3)/ No eror (4)                                                                                                                                                         [CGL(PT) 2014]

Solution : 1

Holds

FIRST,SECOND ,THIRD PERSON ORDER-

  
RULE  – Good manners require that ‘singular pronouns’ should be in second person, third person, first person (231) order.But in plural, ‘we’ is used before ‘you’, that is, 123 order.same order (123) is followed while referring to unpleasant acts.

Check out rule no. 3 
Questions Asked

Q.I and my wife (1)/ were declared (2)/ the best couple at the party. (3)/ No error. (4)
                                                                  [CGL 2016 (PT)]
Solution : 1 (My wife and I)

Q. I and Tina will (1)/ go to the market (2)/ in the evening (3)/ No error (4)  

                                                                [CHSL(10+2) 2013]
Solution : 1 (Tina and I)

Q. I and him (1)/ are (2)/ very good friends. (3)/ No error (4)                                                                                                       [MTS 2013]

Solution : 1 (He and I)
 
 

Who/Whom/That relative pronoun –



Note – questions based on this rule are asked every year. 


Questions Asked

Q. Who (1)/ do you think (2)/ I met? (3)/ No error (4)       
                                                                   [CGL 2015(PT)]    
 Solution : 1
Use ‘whom’ in place of ‘who’


Q. Ayesha is among the few people (1)/ in the office which did not (2)/ blidly follow the part of other (3)/ No error (4)                                                                                                            [
CPO 2017]
Solution : 2 (replace which by who ) 


Q. This is the sportsperson (1)/ whom i think has won (2)/ the much coveted prize. (3)/ No error (4)    
                                                                
   [CHSL 2016-17]
Solution : 2 (who in place of whom)

Check out rule No. 11 and 12 to understand the usage of who/whom/that relative pronouns


Indefinite Pronoun “One” 

RULE -The Indefinite Pronoun ‘one’ should be used throughout if used at all.
 One must not boast of his own success.❌
 One must not boast of one’s own success.✔️



Questions Asked


Q. One should respect (1)/ the religions of others (2)/ as much as his own (3)/ No error (4)                                             [CGL 2013 (mains)]

Solution : 3

One’s own

Q. The article suggest that when a person is under unusual stress (1)/ you should be especially careful (2)/ to eat a well- balanced diet.                                                                                            [CGL 2015(mains)]


Solution : 2 (One in place of You)

Q. When one takes great risks (1)/ they must be prepared (2)/ for great losses. (3)/ No error (4)

                                                                [CHSL (10+2) 2015]
Solution : 2 (One must be)

Q. Our professor taught us that (1)/ one should respect the (2)/ religions of others as much as his own. (3)/ No error (4)                                                                                                                        [CPO 2017]

Solution : 3 (one’s own)

Q. One should respect (1)/ religious beliefs of others (2)/ as much as his own. (3)/ No error                                           
[CHSL 2016-17]

Solution : 3 (one’s own)

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(Motive of this translation –  letting English flow in your veins and make preparation of English interesting and easier.) 
 

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