English Grammar Notes

Active-passive voice rules for SSC,Bank exams

Study Notes on Active & passive voice for SSC,Bank and other Exams ; Active-passive voice rules for SSC,bank exams;Active-passive voice rules for SSC CGL

💠ACTIVE-PASSIVE VOICE RULES FOR SSC, BANK AND OTHER  EXAMS

⏩ACTIVE VOICE In active voice,  the verb expresses the action of the subject upon object.

General formula – [Sub + V1 +obj]

⏩PASSIVE VOICE – In passive voice, the verb expresses the object being acted upon.

General formula – [Object + H.V.(Acc. to tense) + by+sub]

💠Now let’s try to understand “how to convert active voice into passive voice” with the help of one example..


◾Tip – Memorize the passive forms of the given example so that you don’t have to memorize different rules.. English is not a science subject, it’s a language, so it should be studied accordingly


Active –   I eat an apple.     
Passive – An apple is eaten by me.
Active – I ate an apple.
Passive – An apple was eaten by me.
Active – I will eat an apple.
Passive – An apple will be eaten by me.
Active – I must eat an apple. 
Passive- An apple must be eaten by me. 


Active – I am eating an apple.
Passive – An apple is being eaten by me.
Active – I was eating an apple.
Passive – An apple was being eaten by me.
Active – I will be eating an apple.
Passive – not possible(there is already ‘be’ in the sentence). 
Active – I must be eating an apple
Passive – not possible(there is already ‘be’ in the sentence). 


Active – I have eaten an apple.
Passive – An apple has been eaten by me.
Active – I had eaten an apple.
Passive – An apple had been eaten by me.
Active – I will have eaten an apple.
Passive – An apple will have been eaten by me.
Active – She must have eaten an apple. 
Passive – An apple must have been eaten by her.

⚫Note – If there is already be/been in a sentence, passive voice is not possible. We don’t make passive of those sentences. 

So, Passive voice of perfect continuous tense is not possible.

◾PASSIVE VOICE OF INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

Active – Do you eat an apple?
Passive – Is an apple eaten by you?
Active – Did you eat an apple?
Passive – Was an apple eaten by you?
Active – Will you eat an apple?
Passive – will an apple be eaten by you?


⚫Note – To avoid complexities while making  passive of interrogative sentences , make the passive in affirmative and then make the sentence interrogative.


For example –

Active – Do you eat an apple?
Passive – Is an apple eaten by you?                     

Affirmative passive – An apple is eaten by you.

Since the active voice is an interrogative sentence, we will make interrogative of ‘An apple is eaten by you’,  that is, Is an apple eaten by you?
If we want to make an interrogative sentence of ‘WH family, we add the ‘ wh’ word before the interrogative form.
For example –
Active –  Why      do you eat an apple?
Passive –  Why     is an apple eaten by you?


Active – Who ate the apple?

Passive – By whom was the apple eaten? ✔️ or
                 Who was the apple eaten by? ✔️
              
Whom was the apple eaten by?❌

Active – Whom have you given an apple?✔️
Passive – who has been given an apple by you?✔️

Now suppose the active sentence is – 

Who have you given an apple? 
Before converting this sentence into passive, take a close look… Is this sentence  correct?? 
No, it’s not correct because ‘whom’ is used for the object of a sentence, here sub – you , object – some other person (who has been given an apple) , so ‘whom’ will be used. 


‘who’ is used for the subject. 

For example – 
Whom has written the Gita? ❌
Who has written the Gita? ✔️  
passive – by whom has the Gita been written ? ✔️ or
Who has the Gita been written by? ✔️

💯Click here for the compilation of important rules associated  with DIRECT-INDIRECT SPEECH (with examples) 


💯Click here for the compilation of important rules associated  with IDIRECT-INDIRECT SPEECH OF IMPERATIVE SENTENCES (with examples)

🔷PASSIVE VOICE OF IMPERATIVE SENTENCES:

▶️Type 1 – Imperative sentences with object.
Example – Shut the door.

1st way – Let the door be shut.(let+obj+be+v3)
2nd way – you are ordered to shut the door.
(You are ordered/requested/forbidden etc+to+v1+obj.)

▶️Type 2 – Without object


Example – Come here.
Passive – You are ordered to come here.
(You are ordered/requested/forbidden etc+to+v1+obj.)

▶️Type 3 – Moral suggestions
Example – Help the poor.
Passive – The poor should be helped.
(obj+should+be+v3)

🔷PASSIVE VOICE OF SENTENCES CONTAINING VERB( LET, BID, MAKE, HELP)


Verb – let,  bid, make and help are used in active voice followed by a bare infinitive.But when they are used in passive voice,they are followed by infinitive (to+v1) not bare infinitive(v1).


Examples

He let me go. (passive of this sentence can be made in more than one ways)  
I was allowed to go by him. Or
I was let go by him. (common)


Ananya must help me finish the work.
I must be helped by Ananya to finish the work.


I bade him leave the room.
He was bidden to leave the room by me.


Note – ‘Let’ is used in different sense in different sentences and the meaning of sentence determines the passive.

Active – Let me go
Passive – I may/should be allowed to go(common)  or Let me be gone (rare) 

Active – Let me go to the water park.(Request for permission)
Passive – I may be allowed to go to the water park.

Active – Let us organize a party. (suggestion)
Passive – A party should be organized.

Active – Let us help the poor. (moral suggestion)
Passive- The poor should be helped.

Active – Let her do this work.
Passive – Let this work be done by her.

🔷PASSIVE VOICE OF SENTENCES CONTAINING VERBS FOLLOWED BY ADJECTIVES:


Paracetamol tastes bitter. 
Paracetamol is bitter when it’s tasted. 
(sub+verb+adj+when+pronoun+H.V.+V3


The oranges tasted sour. 
The oranges were sour when they were tasted. 

💯  CLICK HERE FOR THE HINDU PHRASAL VERBS COMPILATION

💯  CLICK HERE FOR THE HINDU IDIOMS COMPILATION 

💯  CLICK HERE FOR THE HINDU VOCAB COMPILATION


🔷PASSIVE VOICE OF INFINITIVE (TO+V1) 

I am to do it. 
It is to be done by me. 

Active – (to+v1) 
passive – (to+be+v3) 
Active – (has/have/had+to+v1) 
Passive – (has/have/had+to+be+v3) 
Suhana has to eat an apple. 
An apple has to be eaten by Suhana. 

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