Study notes on Verb(with examples) for SSC,Bank and other exams; Verb notes for SSC CGL CHSL,bank and other exams
⏩Study notes on Verb (with examples) for SSC, BANK AND OTHER EXAMS
💯Click here for the compilation of important ERROR DETECTION QUESTIONS from Verb(with detailed solution)
🔷Let’s discuss some important rules associated with VERB and Subject+verb agreement(with the help of examples)
⚫ RULE 1 – If two Singular Nouns refer to the same person or thing, the Verb must be Singular.
The Secretary and Principal are coming.❌
The Secretary and Principal is coming.✔️
(Here the same person is Secretary as well as Principal)
⚫ RULE 2 – If the Singular Subjects are preceded by each or every, the Verb is usually Singular.
Every boy and girl were ready.❌
Every boy and girl was ready.✔️
⚫ RULE 3 – ‘Either’ or ‘neither’ is used only in speaking of two persons or things, and takes singular verb
Q. Neither of the two girls(a) / have been invited(b) / to the party(c) /No error
Solution : The error is in (b)
Replace ‘have’ with ‘has’
⚫RULE 4 – when two or more subjects are joined by ” as well as, like, unlike, besides, in addition to, and not , with, together with, along with, rather than, no less than, except, nothing but, the verb is used according to the first subject.
Priyanka and not her sisters are going to the party. ❌
Priyanka and not her sisters is going to the party. ✔️
⚫RULE 5 – When two or more subjects are connected by ” not only.. But also , neither… Nor, either.. Or, none.. But”, the verb is used according to the nearest subject.
Neither Salman nor his friends is going to the party. ❌
Neither Salman nor his friends are going to the party. ✔️
⚫ RULE 6 – When the Subjects joined by ‘or/nor are of different numbers, the Verb must be Plural, and the Plural Subject must be placed next to the Verb.
Neither the Assistant Masters nor the Headmaster was present.❌
Neither the Headmaster nor the Assistant Masters were present.✔️
⚫RULE 7 – ” Many a/an, More than one” should be followed by singular noun and singular verb.
Many a men have come to the party. ❌
Many a man have come to the party. ❌
Many a man has come to the party. ✔️
More than one girls were present. ❌
More than one girl were present. ❌
More than one girl was present. ✔️
Many an accident have recently taken place. ❌
Many an accidents have recently taken place .❌
Many an accident has recently taken place.✔️
⚫RULE 8 – The inverted form of Verb is used in the following cases
1) When the sentence is introduced by an adverb.
2) When the verb is meant to express a wish or prayer.
Lets see another example:
Hardly had I reached the station when the train arrived. ✔️
May you get great success in life. ✔️
⚫RULE 9 -when a subject becomes receiver of an action, following verbs take reflexive pronoun : Acquit, Absent, Avail, Reconcile, Amuse, Resign, Adapt, Adjust, Pride etc
I pride on being able to work smoothly under pressure too. ❌
I pride myself on being able to work smoothly under pressure too. ✔️
We adapt to the environment.❌
We adapt ourselves to the environment. ✔️
⚫ RULE 10 – A Collective Noun takes a Singular Verb when the collection is thought of as a whole, a Plural Verb when the individuals of which it is composed are thought of.
The Council has chosen the President.✔️
The audience have taken their seats.✔️
⚫ RULE 11 – When the Subject of the Verb is a Relative Pronoun care should be taken to see that the Verb agrees in Number and Person with the Antecedent of the relative.
I, who is your friend will guard your interests.❌
I, who am your friend will guard your interests.✔️
💯Click here to practise RC/PASSAGE (with detailed solution and handy tips)
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⚫RULE 12 – (Gerund) is used after ‘mind’ and ‘deny’ .
Q. Kangna doesn’t mind(a) / to be disturbed (b) /while she is reading the newspaper(c) /No error
Solution : use ‘being’ instead of ‘to be’
⚫RULE 13 – When the sentence begins with ‘it’, the verb is used according to the subject.
It is I who is to attend the party. ❌
It is I who am to attend the party.✔️
It is the apple that are full of antioxidants. ❌
It is the apples that are full of antioxidants. ✔️
It is the apple that is full of antioxidants.✔️
⚫RULE 14 – Generally, ‘A large number of’ is followed by a singular verb while ‘The large number of is followed by a plural verb.
A large number of students was absent. ❌
A large number of students were absent. ✔️
The number of tourists have gradually fallen off. ❌
The number of tourists has gradually fallen off. ✔️
⚫RULE 15- If ‘it’s high time / it’s about time / it’s time is used in a sentence, v2 comes in the sentence.
It’s high time you start working hard. ❌
It’s high time you started working hard. ✔️
⚫RULE 16 – ‘Would rather’ is followed by V1 and after ‘than’ the same form V1 comes.
Q. Meera Chopra would (a) /rather spend a quiet evening(b) / than attending a party(c) /No error
Solution : Error is in (c)
‘attend’ is the correct usage here
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