English Grammar Notes

Adverb notes for SSC Bank exams

Study notes on Adverb(with questions and detailed solution)  for SSC BANK and other exams

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OK now let’s talk about adverb as it’s a very important chapter from the exam point of view. 



💯Click here for the compilation of important error spotting/error detection questions from ADVERB(with solution)



🔷Let’s discuss some important rules associated with ADVERB(with examples) 

◾Adverb – An adverb is a word that qualifies a verb, an adjective, a preposition, a conjunction, or completes a sentence. 


🔹Note – Usually adjective qualifies a noun or a pronoun but a few adverbs for example ‘ only,  even, at last, almost’ can be used for the same purpose.



Example – Only Meera knows the truth

Meera – Noun
Only – Adverb

🔹KIM(keep in mind)  – Miser, Niggard, Scholar and Coward are a few nouns in which we often get confused between their adjective and adverb forms.



Noun        Adjective form    Adverb form



Coward     cowardly     In a cowardly manner

Niggard     niggardly      In a niggardly manner


Miser         miserly         In a miserly manner


Scholar     scholarly      In a scholarly manner


🔷Some important rules 


RULE 1

Sohan is miser. ❌
Sohan is a miser. ✔️
Sohan is a miser man. ❌
Sohan is a  miserly man. ✔️
Sohan behaved miserly. ❌
Sohan behaved in a miserly manner. ✔️
⚫KIM (Keep in Mind) –  Miser is a noun, miserly is an adjective. So ‘miser man ‘ doesn’t make any sense, it should be miserly man.
‘Behave’ is a verb so adverb form of ‘miser’ will be used to qualify it.

RULE 2

We should work hardly. ❌
We should work hard. ✔️


‘work’ is a verb so it should be qualified by an adverb. Here ‘hard’is used as an adverb.


⚫Note – A few words have the same adverb and adjective forms. they are as following:

Fast, straight, outright, direct, hard, late, high, safe and quiet etc. 


This is a hard task. ✔️

Here ‘ hard’ is used as an adjective.


💯Click here for the study notes on preposition (with examples)  


Seldom he comes to Delhi.❌
Seldom does he come to Delhi.✔️

⚫Note – Adverb of time (always, never, ever, hardly, often, seldom etc) are used before the verbs that they modify.But if these come at the beginning of a sentence  or if a sentence is introduced by an adverb,  the sentence takes inversion form which means the verb/helping verb comes before the subject. 


Never I will go there.❌

Never shall I go there.✔️ 

Seldom  she goes there. ❌

Seldom does she go there.✔️

Hardly sheetal had reached the station when the train arrived. ❌

Hardly had sheetal reached the station when the train arrived. ✔️


💯Click here for the study notes on PRONOUN

No sooner she reached the station than she met her childhood friend.❌


No sooner did she  reach the station when she met her childhood friend.❌



No sooner did she  reach the station than she met her childhood friend. ✔️

She no sooner reached the station than she met her childhood friend. ✔️

(here ‘no sooner’ is not in the beginning of the sentence, so no inversion will take place).

⚫KIM1(KIM – keep in mind)  – ‘No sooner’ takes conjunction ‘than’ while hardly/scarcely takes conjunction ‘when’. 


⚫KIM 2 – Inversion is also used in a sentence which starts with here/there/ away/out/up/indoor or outdoor and Main Verb, or Aux + Main Verb is used before the Subject.

 Away Sheetal went.❌

 Away went Sheetal.✔️

RULE 3 : Very Vs Much


⚫ RULE – ‘Much’ is used before past participles and Adjectives or Adverbs of comparative degree. ‘Very’ is used before the present participles and Adjectives and Adverbs of positive degree.

 The news is much surprising.❌
 The news is very surprising.✔️

I was very surprised at hearing the news.❌

 I was much surprised at hearing the news.✔️


I am much lucky.❌
I am much luckier.✔️


⚫Note – ‘Very’ is used with positive degree while ‘Much’ is used with comparative degree. 



⚫ RULE 4  -Much too is followed by Unpleasant Adjective, whereas too much is followed by Noun.

Much too + Unpleasant Adjective.
Too much + Noun.

For example
His failure is too much painful for me.❌
His failure is much too painful for me.✔️

His wife’s rude behavior gives him much too pain.❌
His wife’s rude behavior gives him too much pain.✔️

⚫ RULE 5 – Quite and all are not used together.
He is quite all right.❌
 He is quite right. ✔️
He is all right. ✔️



RULE 6 – If both the auxiliary verb and the main verb come in a sentence, the adverb of frequency /degree is put between the auxiliary verb and main verb. If only main verb is there in the sentence then it is put before the main verb. 

She will never go there. ✔️

          (H.V)         (M.V)
I seldom have gone there.❌
                  (H.V) (M.V)

I have seldom gone there. ✔️


Mrunal goes usually to shop every saturday.❌ 


Mrunal usually goes to shop every saturday.✔️  



Sheetal comes often every saturday.❌

Sheetal often comes every saturday.✔️


💯Click here for the study notes on NOUN(with examples) 


⚫ RULE 7 –Too means more than required and it is used with Unpleasant Adjective. So, we cannot use too glad, too happy, too pleasant, too healthy.

I am too glad to meet you.❌
I am very glad to meet you.✔️


◾KIM (keep in mind) – ‘Too…..to ‘ can take pleasant adjectives too. 

Shivangi is too intelligent to be cheated✔️

⚫ RULE 8 -A sentence which is based on ”Too …. To” format, we cannot replace ‘to’ with ‘so that’. If we replace to with so that, too also must be replaced with cannot.

He is too weak so that he cannot walk.❌
He is too weak to walk.✔️
He is so weak that he cannot walk.✔️


RULE 9
⚫Rather Vs Fairly
RULE  – A/An + Fairly + Adjective +
Noun or Rather + A + Adjective For example,

(i) a fairly good book
(ii) rather a difficult problem.

USAGE 

a)  ‘Rather’ is an adverb of degree like ‘fairly, quite, pretty’


b)  ‘Rather’ can also be used before a noun

For Example 


It’s rather a good idea. ✔️


C) ‘Rather’ is also used in case of preference. ‘would rather , had rather, rather than’ are used to express preference 


For example 

I would rather stay at home than go out at night. ✔️ 

⚫Note – There are some differences between Fairly and rather. They are as following:

Fairly is used with positive degree. 
Fairly wise, fairly good


Rather is used with positive degree and comparative degree. 
Rather worse, rather good

Fairly is not followed by ‘too’. In such sentences ‘rather’ is used. 


Fairly too good.❌

Rather too good.✔️


💯Click here for the study notes on ADJECTIVE (with examples) 

💯Click here for the study notes on VERB (with examples) 


⚫ RULE 10 – Enough, when used as an Adverb, is preceded by a positive degree Adjective or Adverb.

She is greater enough to pardon you. ❌

She is great enough to pardon you.✔️

⚫RULE 11 – ‘Else’ is followed by but; ‘rather’, ‘other’, ‘otherwise’  are followed by than. 


It is nothing else than sheer foolishness. ❌

It is nothing else but sheer foolishness. ✔️

Sheetal has no alternative but to work hard. ❌

Sheetal has no alternative than to work hard. ✔️

⚫RULE 12 – Generally both is not used in a negative sentence. 


Both of us are not going there. ❌

Neither of us are going there. ✔️


💯Click here for the study notes on ACTIVE-PASSIVE VOICE(with examples) 


⚫RULE 13 – Negative words like not/never is not used with deny, forbid, both, unless, until, lest, hardly, scarcely, rarely, seldom etc  because these words are of negative meaning. 



Unless he does not come, sheetal will not go there. ❌

Unless he comes, sheetal will not go there. ✔️


Sheetal denied that she had not done anything wrong. ❌

Sheetal denied that she had done anything wrong. ✔️


💯Click here for the study notes on DIRECT-INDIRECT SPEECH (with examples) 


⚫RULE 14 – Adverb ‘as’ can be used with Regard , describe, define, treat, view, know etc


Sheetal regards him her brother. ❌
Sheetal regards him as her brother.✔️

 

⚫RULE 15 – Verbs of sensation (Taste, Smell, Feel, Appear, Look, Seem, Sound, etc) should take adjective and not adverb after them. 


She felt badly. ❌

She felt bad. ✔️


I work honest. ❌

I work honestly. ✔️

Since ‘work’ is not a verb of sensation, adverb can be used after it. 



⚫ RULE 16- Ago is always used with Past Indefinite Tense. So, if ago is used in a sentence, that sentence must be in the Past Indefinite Tense.

He has come a month ago.❌
 He came a month ago. ✔️

  

⚫RULE 17 – Friendly, Manly, Masterly, Slovenly, Orderly, Sickly, monthly, weekly etc are adjectives. They must not be mistaken as adverbs just because they end in ‘ly’.


Sheetal behaved friendly. ❌

Sheetal behaved in a friendly manner. ✔️


💯Click here for the compilation of important error spotting/error detection questions from ADVERB(with solution)

⚫ RULE 18 -‘Hard’ means ‘diligently’, strenuously’, ‘Hardly’ means ‘scarcely at all’. These two Adverbial forms of ‘hard’ must not be confused.

He tried hardly to win the race.❌
He tried hard to win the race.✔️

Sheetal has eaten hard anything today.❌
Sheetal has eaten hardly anything today.✔️


⚫ RULE 19 – ‘At present’ means ‘at the present time’, ‘presently’ means ‘shortly’. These should not be confused.

  Nothing more can be done presently.❌
Nothing more can be done at present.✔️

 He will come back at present.❌

He will come back presently.✔️

💯  CLICK HERE FOR THE HINDU PHRASAL VERBS COMPILATION

💯  CLICK HERE FOR THE HINDU IDIOMS COMPILATION 

💯  CLICK HERE FOR THE HINDU VOCAB COMPILATION

💯Click here to practise READING COMPREHENSION /RC/PASSAGE (with detailed solution and handy tips) 

💯Click here to practise CLOZE TESTS (with detailed solution) 

The one who landed here to learn some important error spotting questions from adverb, happy learning! Have a great time ahead. 

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